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  • In search of innovation capability and its sources in local government organizations: a critical interpretative synthesis of the literature 

    Gullmark, Petter; Clausen, Tommy Høyvarde (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-01-05)
    Empirical research has identified a long list of antecedents that promote innovation in local government organizations. However, less is known about how and why diverse antecedents—as well as their interplay—stimulate local government organizations to innovate and create public value. We address this gap through a systematic and critical interpretive synthesis of the empirical literature on innovation ...
  • How Many Reindeer? UAV Surveys as an Alternative to Helicopter or Ground Surveys for Estimating Population Abundance in Open Landscapes 

    Paulsen, Ingrid M.; Pedersen, Åshild Ø; Hann, Richard; Blanchet, Marie-Anne; Eischeid, Isabell; van Hazendonk, Charlotte Maartje; Ravolainen, Virve; Stien, Audun; Le Moullec, Mathilde (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-20)
    Conservation of wildlife depends on precise and unbiased knowledge on the abundance and distribution of species. It is challenging to choose appropriate methods to obtain a sufficiently high detectability and spatial coverage matching the species characteristics and spatiotemporal use of the landscape. In remote regions, such as in the Arctic, monitoring efforts are often resource-intensive and there ...
  • Social commerce constructs and consumers' purchase intention from minimalist brands 

    Zarea, Hadi; Su, Zhan; Abdollahi, Hooman (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-17)
    The social media and online communities have established new platforms for e-commerce by engaging both consumers and corporations in producing new product or services. Moreover, individuals' interaction on the cyberspace has evolved e-commerce towards social commerce. On the other hand, business incorporations have found the use of minimalism application in designing, which removes unnecessary ...
  • Morphological features of the testis of freshwater blood flukes of the genus Sanguinicola Plehn, 1905, with consideration of the testicular patterns in the Aporocotylidae 

    Poddubnaya, Larisa G.; Zhokhov, Alexander E.; Hemmingsen, Willy; MacKenzie, Ken (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-08-13)
    This is the first detailed study assessing the morphological features of the testis and testicular sperm of members of the freshwater blood flukes Sanguinicola sp. from Leuciscus idus (Cyprinidae) and for S. volgensis from Pelecus cultratus (Cyprinidae), and the marine blood fluke Aporocotyle simplex from Hippoglossoides platessoides (Pleuronectidae). The present study reports a unique feature in ...
  • Brucella melitensis biovar 1 isolation in a captive wildlife population in the United Arab Emirates. First isolation in the scimitar-horned Oryx (Oryx dammah) 

    Lignereux, Louis; Chabert, Anne-Lise; Fretin, David; Godfroid, Jacques Xavier Leon; Saegerman, Claude (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-07)
    In 2013, Brucella melitensis biovar 1 was recovered from the stomach contents of a scimitar-horned Oryx - SHO (Oryx dammah) aborted foetus, and from the articular fluid of a sand gazelle (Gazella marica) in a captive wildlife collection near Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Other evidence of exposure to the pathogen was collected through serological testing (Rose Bengal test) and B. melitensis-specific ...
  • The effect of temperature on growth performance and aerobic metabolic scope in Arctic charr, Salvelinus alpinus (L.) 

    Beuvard, Christian; Imsland, Albert; Thorarensen, Helgi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-11-06)
    In recent years, Arctic char populations in Iceland have declined and the objective of this experiment was to throw further light on these changes by examining the effect of temperature (5, 9, 13, 17, and 21 °C) on the survival, growth rate, metabolism, and physiological indices of juvenile Arctic charr (initial mean body mass 4.02 ± 0.8 g). Mortality was 60% at 21 °C while at lower temperatures it ...
  • Macrozooplankton and micronekton diversity and associated carbon vertical patterns and fluxes under distinct productive conditions around the Kerguelen Islands 

    Cotté, C.; Ariza, A.; Berne, A.; Habasque, J.; Lebourges-Dhaussy, A.; Roudaut, G.; Espinasse, Boris Dristan; Hunt, B.P.V.; Pakhomov, E.A.; Henschke, N.; Péron, C.; Conchon, A.; Koedooder, C.; Izard, L.; Cherel, Y. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-10-13)
    Mesopelagic communities are characterized by a large biomass of diverse macrozooplankton and micronekton (MM) performing diel vertical migration (DVM) connecting the surface to the deeper ocean and contributing to biogeochemical fluxes. In the Southern Ocean, a prominent High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll (HNLC) and low carbon export region, the contribution of MM to the vertical carbon flux of the ...
  • Impacts of Nile tilapia cage culture on water and bottom sediment quality: The ability of an eutrophic lake to absorb and dilute perturbations 

    Musa, Safina; Aura, Christopher Mulanda; Tomasson, Tumi; Sigurgeirsson, Ólafur; Thorarensen, Helgi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-11-07)
    Environmentally sustainable aquaculture depends on accurate understanding of the impacts of aquaculture-derived organic matter (AOM) and the ability of aquaculture systems to absorb and dilute perturbations. To this end, the present study assessed the impacts of AOM from cage culture of Nile tilapia on the ecology of Lake Victoria, Kenya, using fish cages near Anyanga Beach in Siaya County from ...
  • Mucosal Environment Induces Phage Susceptibility in Streptococcus mutans 

    Sundberg, Lotta-Riina; Rantanen, Noora; de Freitas Almeida, Gabriel Magno (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-19)
    Pathogenic bacteria are attracted toward mucosa, as it is their way of entry into the body. However, we know surprisingly little about the phage-bacterium interactions in the mucosal environment. Here, we explored the effect of the mucosal environment on growth characteristics and phage-bacterium interactions in Streptococcus mutans, a causative agent of dental caries. We found that although mucin ...
  • Global Patterns and Controls of Nutrient Immobilization on Decomposing Cellulose in Riverine Ecosystems 

    Costello, David M.; Tiegs, Scott D.; Boyero, Luz; Canhoto, Cristina; Capps, Krista A.; Danger, Michael; Frost, Paul C.; Gessner, Mark O.; Griffiths, Natalie A.; Halvorson, Halvor M.; Kuehn, Kevin A.; Marcarelli, Amy M.; Royer, Todd V.; Mathie, Devan M.; Albariño, Ricardo J.; Arango, Clay P.; Aroviita, Jukka; Baxter, Colden V.; Bellinger, Brent J.; Bruder, Andreas; Burdon, Francis J.; Callisto, Marcos; Camacho, Antonio; Colas, Fanny; Cornut, Julien; Crespo-Pérez, Verónica; Cross, Wyatt F.; Derry, Alison M.; Douglas, Michael M.; Elosegi, Arturo; de Eyto, Elvira; Ferreira, Verónica; Ferriol, Carmen; Fleituch, Tadeusz; Follstad Shah, Jennifer J.; Frainer, André; Garcia, Erica A.; García, Liliana; García, Pavel E.; Giling, Darren P.; Gonzales-Pomar, R. Karina; Graça, Manuel A. S.; Grossart, Hans-Peter; Guérold, François; Hepp, Luiz U.; Higgins, Scott N.; Hishi, Takuo; Iñiguez-Armijos, Carlos; Iwata, Tomoya; Kirkwood, Andrea E.; Koning, Aaron A.; Kosten, Sarian; Laudon, Hjalmar; Leavitt, Peter R.; Lemes da Silva, Aurea L.; Leroux, Shawn J.; LeRoy, Carri J.; Lisi, Peter J.; Masese, Frank O.; McIntyre, Peter B.; McKie, Brendan G.; Medeiros, Adriana O.; Miliša, Marko; Miyake, Yo; Mooney, Robert J.; Muotka, Timo; Nimptsch, Jorge; Paavola, Riku; Pardo, Isabel; Parnikoza, Ivan Y.; Patrick, Christopher J.; Peeters, Edwin T. H. M.; Pozo, Jesus; Reid, Brian; Richardson, John S.; Rincón, José; Risnoveanu, Geta; Robinson, Christopher T.; Santamans, Anna C.; Simiyu, Gelas M.; Skuja, Agnija; Smykla, Jerzy; Sponseller, Ryan A.; Teixeira-de Mello, Franco; Vilbaste, Sirje; Villanueva, Verónica D.; Webster, Jackson R.; Woelfl, Stefan; Xenopoulos, Marguerite A.; Yates, Adam G.; Yule, Catherine M.; Zhang, Yixin; Zwart, Jacob A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-18)
    Microbes play a critical role in plant litter decomposition and influence the fate of carbon in rivers and riparian zones. When decomposing low-nutrient plant litter, microbes acquire nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) from the environment (i.e., nutrient immobilization), and this process is potentially sensitive to nutrient loading and changing climate. Nonetheless, environmental controls on immobilization ...
  • The Role of Internal Legitimacy in Shifting a Large Established Company Towards Sustainability. A Case Study of a Sustainable Transition Shift in the Oil and Gas Industry 

    Jaber, Tahrir (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2023-02-16)
    <p>This thesis is motivated by the need to involve sustainability in the oil and gas industry. This thesis focuses on the sustainable transition in Equinor, the Norwegian oil and gas company. It looks, particularly, at a large established oil and gas company undergoing a sustainable change and how it performs its transition into sustainability. However, this transition poses challenges to a large ...
  • The rapid spread of the girdled snail Hygromia cinctella in New Zealand (Gastropoda: Helicoidea) 

    Salvador, Rodrigo Brincalepe; Ravalo, Lorenzo G. O.; Tennyson, Alan J. D. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    The girdled snail Hygromia cinctella originates from southern Europe but has been introduced to countries in northern Europe and, more recently, to Aotearoa New Zealand. In the latter country, the girdled snail was first noted in 2015 in Wellington, but it has since spread to other regions of the North Island. We report here the rapid spread of this exotic species in New Zealand and record its ...
  • The release of common pheasants and grey partridges for pointing dog training- consequences for biodiversity, animal welfare and health -Scientific Opinion of the Panel on biodiversity of the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food and Environment 

    Rueness, Eli Knispel; Asmyhr, Maria Gulbrandsen; Basic, Dean; Eldegard, Katrine; Janczak, Andrew Michael; Ytrehus, Bjørnar; Pedersen, Hans Christian; Berg, Paul Ragnar; Bryn, Anders; Geange, Sonya Rita; Hindar, Kjetil; Hole, Lars Robert; Kirkendall, Lawrence Richard; Nielsen, Anders; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Sandercock, Brett; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Velle, Gaute (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022-11-30)
  • Food and chemical substances relevant for monitoring - Scientific Opinion of the Scientific Steering Committee of the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food and Environment 

    Svendsen, Camilla; Amlund, Heidi; Carlsen, Monica Hauger; Eriksen, Gunnar Sundstøl; Husøy, Trine; Lillegaard, Inger Therese Laugsand; Mathisen, Gro Haarklou; Medin, Anine Christine; Ørnsrud, Robin; Agdestein, Angelika; Bergh, Øivind; Bodin, Johanna Eva; Bruzell, Ellen Merete; Elvevoll, Edel O.; Hessen, Dag Olav; Hofshagen, Merete; Knutsen, Helle Katrine; Krogdahl, Åshild; Nilsen, Asbjørn Magne; Rafoss, Trond; Skjerdal, Olaug Taran; Steffensen, Inger-Lise Karin; Strand, Tor Arne; Velle, Gaute; Hemre, Gro Ingunn; Vandvik, Vigdis; Alexander, Jan (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022-06-09)
  • Matproduksjon, mattrygghet og miljø - innspill om kunnskapsbehov til gjennomføringen av det grønne skiftet - Uttalelse fra hovedkomiteen i Vitenskapskomiteen for mat og miljø (VKM) 

    Alexander, Jan; Aasmo-Finne, Merethe; Agdestein, Angelika; Bodin, Johanna Eva; Bruzell, Ellen Merete; Elvevoll, Edel O.; Hemre, Gro Ingunn; Hessen, Dag Olav; Hofshagen, Merete; Husøy, Trine; Knutsen, Helle Katrine; Krogdahl, Åshild; Mathisen, Gro Haarklou; Nilsen, Asbjørn Magne; Rafoss, Trond; Skjerdal, Olaug Taran; Steffensen, Inger-Lise Karin; Strand, Tor Arne; Vandvik, Vigdis; Velle, Gaute; Wasteson, Yngvild (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022-11-22)
  • Impacts of climate change on the boreal forest ecosystem. Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Alien Organisms and Trade in Endangered species (CITES) of the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food and Environment 

    Kausrud, Kyrre Linné; Vandvik, Vigdis; Flø, Daniel; Geange, Sonya Rita; Hegland, Stein Joar; Hermansen, Jo Skeie; Hole, Lars Robert; Ims, Rolf Anker; Kauserud, Håvard; Kirkendall, Lawrence Richard; Nordén, Jenni; Nybakken, Line; Ohlson, Mikael; Skarpaas, Olav; Wendell, Micael; de Boer, Hugo; Eldegard, Katrine; Hindar, Kjetil; Järnegren, Johanna; Måren, Inger Elisabeth; Nielsen, Anders; Nilsen, Erlend Birkeland; Rueness, Eli Knispel; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Velle, Gaute (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022-04-29)
  • Global maps of soil temperature 

    Lembrechts, Jonas J.; van den Hoogen, Johan; Aalto, Juha; Ashcroft, Michael B.; de Frenne, Pieter; Kemppinen, Julia; Kopecký, Martin; Luoto, Miska; Maclean, Ilya M. D.; Crowther, Thomas W.; Bailey, Joseph J.; Haesen, Stef; Klinges, David H.; Niittynen, Pekka; Scheffers, Brett R.; Van Meerbeek, Koenraad; Aartsma, Peter; Abdalaze, Otar; Abedi, Mehdi; Aerts, Rien; Ahmadian, Negar; Ahrends, Antje; Alatalo, Juha M.; Alexander, Jake M.; Allonsius, Camille Nina; Altman, Jan; Ammann, Christof; Andres, Christian; Andrews, Christopher; Ardö, Jonas; Arriga, Nicola; Arzac, Alberto; Aschero, Valeria; Leandro de Assis, Rafael; Barančok, Peter; Barrio, Isabel C; Barros, Agustina; Lenoir, Jonathan; Assmann, Jakob Johann; Bader, Maaike Y.; Bahalkeh, Khadijeh; Basham, Edmund W.; Bauters, Marijn; Bazzichetto, Manuele; Marchesini, Luca Belelli; Bell, Michael C.; Benavides, Juan C.; Alonso, José Luis Benito; Berauer, Bernd J.; Bjerke, Jarle W.; Björk, Robert G.; Björkman, Mats P.; Björnsdóttir, Katrin; Blonder, Benjamin; Boeckx, Pascal; Boike, Julia; Bokhorst, Stef; Brum, Bárbara N.S.; Brůna, Josef; Buchmann, Nina; Buysse, Pauline; Camargo, José Luís; Campoe, Otávio C.; Candan, Onur; Canessa, Rafaella; Cannone, Nicoletta; Carbognani, Michele; Carnicer, Jofre; Casanova-Katny, Angélica; Cesarz, Simone; Chojnicki, Bogdan; Choler, Philippe; Chown, Steven L.; Cifuentes, Edgar F.; Čiliak, Marek; Contador, Tamara; Convey, Peter; Cooper, Elisabeth (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-29)
    Research in global change ecology relies heavily on global climatic grids derived from estimates of air temperature in open areas at around 2 m above the ground. These climatic grids do not reflect conditions below vegetation canopies and near the ground surface, where critical ecosystem functions occur and most terrestrial species reside. Here, we provide global maps of soil temperature and bioclimatic ...
  • DNA metabarcoding reveals the importance of gelatinous zooplankton in the diet of Pandalus borealis, a keystone species in the Arctic 

    Urban, Paulina; Præbel, Kim; Bhat, Shripathi; Dierking, Jan; Wangensteen Fuentes, Owen Simon (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-22)
    Information about the dietary composition of a species is crucial to understanding their position and role in the food web. Increasingly, molecular approaches such as DNA metabarcoding are used in studying trophic relationships, not least because they may alleviate problems such as low taxonomic resolution or underestimation of digestible taxa in the diet. Here, we used DNA metabarcoding with ...
  • Polar bear harvest patterns across the circumpolar Arctic 

    Vongraven, Dag; Derocher, AE; Pilfold, Nicholas W; Yoccoz, Nigel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-12)
    Wildlife harvest remains a conservation concern for many species and assessing patterns of harvest can provide insights on sustainability and inform management. Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) are harvested over a large part of their range by local people. The species has a history of unsustainable harvest that was largely rectified by an international agreement that required science-based management. ...
  • Spatial distribution of Dechlorane Plus and dechlorane related compounds in European background air 

    Skogeng, Lovise Pedersen; Halvorsen, Helene Lunder; Breivik, Knut; Eckhardt, Sabine; Herzke, Dorte; Moeckel, Claudia; Krogseth, Ingjerd Sunde (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-01-10)
    The highly chlorinated chemical Dechlorane Plus (DP) was introduced as a replacement flame retardant for Mirex, which is banned through the Stockholm Convention (SC) for its toxicity (T), environmental persistence (P), potential for bioaccumulation (B) and long-range environmental transport potential (LRETP). Currently, Dechlorane Plus is under consideration for listing under the Stockholm Convention ...

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