Recent additions

  • Urban Tunneling Risk Management: Ground Settlement Assessment through Proportional Hazards Modeling 

    Kazempour Osalou, Ali; Moosazadeh, Seifaddin; Nouri Qarahasanlou, Ali; Golpasand, Mohammad-Reza (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-13)
    Nowadays, tunnel excavation plays a major role in the development of countries. Due to the complex and challenging ground conditions, a comprehensive study and analysis must be done before, during, and after the excavation of tunnels. Hence, the importance of study and evaluation of ground settlement is dramatically increased since many tunnel projects are performed in urban areas, where there are ...
  • Exploring active ageing in a community-based living environment: an ethnographic study in the Western Norway context 

    Førsund, Elise; Torrado Vidal, Juan Carlos; Fæø, Stein Erik; Reithe, Haakon; Patrascu, Monica; Husebø, Bettina Elisabeth Franziska (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-30)
    Background: Age-friendly environments intend to promote active ageing by facilitating social, mental, and physical participation. This could potentially delay the onset of chronic complex conditions, enabling people to live longer independently at home, and prevent loneliness. This study investigates a community-based living environment in Norway called Helgetun and aims to explore how it can ...
  • Absorption and pharmacokinetics of bupivacaine after bilateral topical administration in tonsillar fossae for posttonsillectomy pain relief 

    Berg, Kristin Sandal; Seines, Ellisiv; Gál, Peter; Løberg-Emanuelsen, Lise; Stubhaug, Audun; Nielsen, Erik Waage; Spigset, Olav (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-10)
    No previous studies have investigated the systemic absorption of bupivacaine when used topically for posttonsillectomy pain. The present study was undertaken to investigate the pharmacokinetics of bupivacaine after administration by a swab in the tonsillar fossae over 4 min after tonsillectomy. Eleven adult patients undergoing elective tonsillectomy were recruited. After removal of both tonsils, ...
  • Femoral Nailing in a Porcine Model Causes Bone Marrow Emboli in the Lungs and Systemic Emboli in the Heart and Brain 

    Kristiansen, Steinar; Jarmund, Anders Hagen; Hilmo, Jonas Larsen; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Leth-Olsen, Martin; Nyrnes, Siri Ann; Nilsen, Bent Aksel; Grønli, Renathe Henriksen; Faldaas, Bjørn Ove; Storm, Benjamin Stage; Espenes, Arild; Nielsen, Erik Waage (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-28)
    Background: Shaft fractures of the femur are commonly treated with intramedullary nailing, which can release bone marrow emboli into the bloodstream. Emboli can travel to the lungs, impairing gas exchange and causing inflammation. Occasionally, emboli traverse from the pulmonary to the systemic circulation, hindering perfusion and resulting in injuries such as heart and brain infarctions, known ...
  • Cross-informant ratings on emotional and behavioral problems in Nepali adolescents: A comparison of adolescents' self-reports with parents' and teachers' reports 

    Adhikari, Sirjana; Brondbo, Per Haakan; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Javo, Anne Cecilie; Shakya, Suraj; Ma, Jasmine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-16)
    Background<p> <p>Studies on cross-informant agreement on adolescents’ emotional and behavioral problems (EBPs) are sparse in low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to assess parent-adolescent and teacher-adolescent agreement on EBPs and associated factors in Nepal. <p>Methods <p>This cross-sectional survey included 1904 school-going adolescents aged 11–18, enrolled in government and ...
  • Seabirds reveal mercury distribution across the North Atlantic 

    Albert, Céline; Moe, Børge; Strøm, Hallvard; Grémillet, David; Brault-Favrou, Maud; Tarroux, Arnaud; Descamps, Sebastien; Bråthen, Vegard Sandøy; Merkel, Benjamin; Åström, Jens; Amélineaud, Françoise; Angelier, Frédéric; Anker-Nilssen, Tycho; Chastel, Olivier; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Signe; Danielsen, Johannis; Elliott, Kyle; Erikstad, Kjell E.; Ezhov, Alexey; Fauchald, Per; Gabrielsen, Geir W.; Gavrilo, Maria; Hanssen, Sveinn Are; Helgason, Hálfdán H.; Johansen, Malin Kjellstadli; Kolbeinsson, Yann; Krasnov, Yuri; Langset, Magdalene; Lemaire, Jérémy; Lorentsen, Svein-Håkon; Olsen, Bergur; Patterson, Allison; Plumejeaud-Perreau, Christine; Reiertsen, Tone Kristin; Systad, Geir Helge Rødli; Thompson, Paul M.; Thórarinsson, Thorkell Lindberg; Bustamante, Paco; Fort, Jérôme (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-13)
    Mercury (Hg) is a heterogeneously distributed toxicant affecting wildlife and human health. Yet, the spatial distribution of Hg remains poorly documented, especially in food webs, even though this knowledge is essential to assess large-scale risk of toxicity for the biota and human populations. Here, we used seabirds to assess, at an unprecedented population and geographic magnitude and high resolution, ...
  • Cross-sectional associations between accelerometer-measured physical activity and hip bone mineral density. The Tromsø study 2015–2016 

    Mikkilä, Saija; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Johansson, Jonas Lars; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; van den Tillaar, Roland Johannes Wilhelmus; Emaus, Nina Alice; Morseth, Bente; Welde, Boye (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-06)
    Positive associations between physical activity and bone health have been found in population-based studies, however, mostly based on self-reported physical activity. Therefore, we investigated the association between accelerometer-measured physical activity, measured in steps per day and minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) per day, and total hip areal bone mineral density (aBMD) ...
  • Time is money: general practitioners’ reflections on the fee-for-service system 

    Kraft, Kristian Bandlien; Hoff, Eivor Hovde; Nylenna, Magne; Moe, Cathrine Fredriksen; Mykletun, Arnstein; Østby, Kristian Amundsen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-15)
    Background Fee-for-service is a common payment model for remunerating general practitioners (GPs) in OECD countries. In Norway, GPs earn two-thirds of their income through fee-for-service, which is determined by the number of consultations and procedures they register as fees. In general, fee-for-service incentivises many and short consultations and is associated with high service provision. GPs ...
  • Antarctic ice sheet modelling – the needs, challenges, and opportunities for Norwegian Antarctic research 

    Langebroek, Petra Margaretha; Goelzer, Heiko; Petrini, Michele; Chandler, David Matthew (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2024-05)
    Antarctic Ice Sheet mass loss accounts for the largest uncertainties in global sea level projections. Antarctic meltwater and iceberg calving, together with changes in sea ice, also impact global ocean circulation, carbon uptake, and ecosystems. To understand, quantify and predict these changes and impacts, we employ climate and ice sheet models. Over the past 5+ years the Norwegian polar research ...
  • The Late-Holocene deglaciation of James Ross Island, Antarctic Peninsula: OSL and 14C-dated multi-proxy sedimentary record from Monolith Lake 

    Roman, Matěj; Píšková, Anna; Sanderson, David C.W.; Cresswell, Allan J.; Bulinova, Marie; Pokorný, Matěj; Kavan, Jan; Jennings, Stephen J.A.; Lirio, Juan M.; Nedbalová, Linda; Sacherová, Veronika; Kopalová, Kateřina; Glasser, Neil F.; Nyvlt, Daniel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-09)
    Lentic waterbodies provide terrestrial sedimentary archives of palaeoenvironmental change in deglaciated areas of the Antarctic. Knowledge of the long-term evolution of Antarctic palaeoenvironments affords important context to the current marked impacts of climate change in the Polar regions. Here, we present a comprehensively dated, multi-proxy sedimentary record from Monolith Lake, a distal ...
  • Barriers to physical activity participation for adults with intellectual disability: A cross-sectional study 

    Michalsen, Henriette; Henriksen, André; Hartvigsen, Gunnar; Olsen, Monica Isabel Benedikte; Pedersen, Erlend Refseth; Søndenaa, Erik; Jahnsen, Reidun Birgitta; Anke, Audny Gabriele Wagner (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-08)
    Background - Identifying barriers that can be modified to promote physical activity is important for informing health interventions for adults with intellectual disabilities.<p> <p>Objectives - Exploring participation in physical activity considering age, sex, living conditions, and health conditions. Further, identifying barriers significantly associated with sedentary activity after adjustment ...
  • Associations between cognitive test scores and pain tolerance: The Tromsø study 

    Melum, Tonje Anita; Steingrímsdóttir, Ólöf A.; Jacobsen, Henrik B.; Johnsen, Bente; Stubhaug, Audun; Schirmer, Henrik; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Nielsen, Christopher S. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-03-18)
    The aim of this study is to assess this relationship in a large population-based sample.<p> <p>Methods ‒ We included 5,753 participants (aged 40–84 years) from the seventh wave of the population-based Tromsø Study who had been examined with cognitive tests and experimental pain assessments, and for whom informa tion on covariates were available. Cox regression models were fitted using standardized ...
  • Open-door policy versus treatment-as-usual in urban psychiatric inpatient wards: a pragmatic, randomised controlled, non-inferiority trial in Norway 

    Rustad Indregard, Anne Marthe; Nussle, Hans Martin; Småstuen, Milada Cvancarova; Vandvik, Per Olav; Tesli, Martin Steen; Gather, Jakov; Kunøe, Nikolaj (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-03-06)
    Background - Open-door policy is a recommended framework to reduce coercion in psychiatric wards. However, existing observational data might not fully capture potential increases in harm and use of coercion associated with open-door policies. In this first randomised controlled trial, we compared coercive practices in open-door policy and treatment-as-usual wards in an urban hospital setting. We ...
  • Teknologi for automatisk sortering av tørrfisk 

    Nilsen, Heidi; Ortega, Samuel; Nyrud, Thomas; Karlsen, Amanda Katrine; Lindberg, Stein-Kato; Heia, Karsten; Joensen, Sjúrður (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2024-04-15)
    Tørking av fisk ute på hjell er en tradisjonell og mye brukt metode for konservering av fisk. Kvaliteten på sluttproduktet blir i stor grad avhengig av værforhold under tørking og kvaliteten på råstoffet som henges. Når fisken tørkes ute blir den utsatt for variasjon i temperatur, vind, sol og fuktighet. Til sammen gir dette en tørket og modnet fisk som har karakteristisk lukt, smak og konsistens. ...
  • På Fontenehusene er medlemmene og miljtøterapeutene likestilte 

    Johannessen, Mona Stenhaug (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2024-04-22)
    Når aktiviteter er skapt av medlemmene selv, bidrar det til mestring, motivasjon og mening. Slik bidrar Fontenehusene til å fremme god psykisk helse.
  • Causes and Risk Factors of Breast Cancer, What Do We Know for Sure? An Evidence Synthesis of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses 

    Løyland, Borghild; Sandbekken, Ida Hellum; Grov, Ellen Karine; Utne, Inger (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-20)
    Breast cancer affected more than 2.3 million women in 2022 and is the most diagnosed cancer among women worldwide. The incidence rates are greater in developed regions and are significantly higher among women with higher education and socioeconomic status. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that the way women live their lives may impact their risk of being diagnosed with breast cancer. This ...
  • Patient-reported outcome measures in hip fracture patients data on 35,206 patients from the Norwegian Hip Fracture Register, 2014 to 2018 

    Kjærvik, Cato; Gjertsen, Jan-Erik; Stensland, Eva; Dybvik, Eva Hansen; Søreide, Odd (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-01)
    Aims - The aims of this study were to assess quality of life after hip fractures, to characterize respondents to patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), and to describe the recovery trajectory of hip fracture patients.<p> <p>Methods - Data on 35,206 hip fractures (2014 to 2018; 67.2% female) in the Norwegian Hip Fracture Register were linked to data from the Norwegian Patient Registry and ...
  • Decision-making styles and trust across farmers and bankers: Global survey results 

    Svenson, Wolf Jost Frithiof Erten-Alexa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-15)
    Understanding in which contexts professionals come to trust their gut is critical both for human relations as well as for human–computer interaction. A prominent viewpoint promotes a deliberate trust development approach for professionals in all industries and at all levels of organizations (people use good thinking). The use of intuition has also been related to trust development. There is little ...
  • Trace Element and Sulfur Isotope Signatures of Volcanogenic Massive Sulfide (VMS) Mineralization: A Case Study from the Sunnhordland Area in SW Norway 

    Strmic Palinkas, Sabina; Fjellet, Trond; Stubseid, Håvard Hallås; Liu, Xuan; Spangenberg, Jorge E.; Čobić, Andrea; Pedersen, Rolf B. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-07)
    The Sunnhordland area in SW Norway hosts more than 100 known mineral occurrences, mostly of volcanogenic massive sulfide (VMS) and orogeny Au types. The VMS mineralization is hosted by plutonic, volcanic and sedimentary lithologies of the Lower Ordovician ophiolitic complexes. This study presents new trace element and δ <sup>34</sup>S data from VMS deposits hosted by gabbro and basalt of the ...
  • Barnehagelærere med ny identitet. Ikke lenger profesjonsnomader? 

    Skauge, Tom Roger; Ødegaard, Elin Eriksen; Kvitastein, Olav Andreas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2023-08-15)
    When professionals leave the profession for which they were trained, it is reasonable to assume that society has a challenge. Important theoretical and practical expertise and knowledge leave the sector. Often, escape routes from a profession are also a signal that those who are professionally educated are not satisfied with the working conditions at their workplace - a signal of an identity crisis ...

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