• Advancing research for the management of long-lived species: A case study on the Greenland Shark 

    Edwards, Jena E.; Hiltz, Elizabeth; Broell, Franziska; Bushnell, Peter G.; Campana, Steven E.; Christiansen, Jørgen Schou; Devine, Brynn M.; Gallant, Jeffrey J.; Hedges, Kevin J.; MacNeil, M. Aaron; McMeans, Bailey C.; Nielsen, Julius; Præbel, Kim; Skomal, Gregory B.; Steffensen, John Fleng; Walter, Ryan P.; Watanabe, Yuuki Y.; VanderZwaag, David L.; Hussey, Nigel E. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-02)
    Long-lived species share life history traits such as slow growth, late maturity, and low fecundity, which lead to slow recovery rates and increase a population’s vulnerability to disturbance. The Greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalus) has recently been recognized as the world’s longest-lived vertebrate, but many questions regarding its biology, physiology, and ecology remain unanswered. Here we ...
  • The fight to keep resistance at bay, epidemiology of carbapenemase producing organisms (CPOs), vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) and methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Norway, 2006-2017 

    Elstrøm, Petter; Astrup, Elisabeth; Hegstad, Kristin; Samuelsen, Ørjan; Enger, Hege; Kacelnik, Oliver (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-04)
    <p><i>Introduction - </i>Scandinavian countries have traditionally had a low prevalence of resistant organisms, but have in recent years experienced a change in their epidemiology. We aim to describe the epidemiology of carbapenemase-producing organisms (CPOs), vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) and methicillin-resistant <i>S. aureus</i> (MRSA) in Norway, measure the importance of infections ...
  • "If you do not birget [manage] then you don't belong here": a qualitative focus group study on the cultural meanings of suicide among Indigenous Sámi in arctic Norway 

    Stoor, Jon Petter Anders; Berntsen, Gro; Hjelmeland, Heidi Marie; Silviken, Anne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-24)
    Suicide is a major public health issue across the Arctic, especially among Indigenous Peoples. The aim of this study was to explore and describe cultural meanings of suicide among Sámi in Norway. Five open-ended focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted with 22 Sámi (20) and non-Sámi (2) participants in South, Lule, Marka, coastal and North Sámi communities in Norway. FGDs were recorded, transcribed ...
  • A study of the socioeconomic factors influencing migration in Russia 

    Wang, Li; Huang, Jixia; Cai, Hongyan; Liu, Hengzi; Lu, Jinmei; Yang, Linsheng (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-19)
    Russia has experienced population decline in years and the economic development in Russia is largely restricted by labor shortage, particularly for the Far North and East region. In order to explore the migration mechanisms, six socioeconomic factors were selected to explore the influences on the net migration. Data from the 82 regions covering four time periods (2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015) was ...
  • Excess water storage induced by viscous strain localization during high-pressure shear experiment 

    Précigout, Jacques; Stünitz, Holger; Villeneuve, Johan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-05)
    Strain localization in viscously deformed rocks commonly results in fine-grained shear zones where massive fluid circulation is regularly observed. Recently attributed to strain-induced pumping, this phenomenon may have major implications for the distribution of ores deposits and rock rheology. However, although grain size reduction and/or creep cavitation have been proposed as important processes, ...

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