• Radar studies of ionospheric dusty plasma phenomena 

    Mann, Ingrid; Gunnarsdottir, Tinna; Häggström, Ingemar; Eren, Saliha; Tjulin, Anders; Myrvang, Margaretha; Rietveld, Mike T; Dalin, Peter; Jozwicki, Dorota; Trollvik, Henriette Marie Tveitnes (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-17)
    We discuss the influence of charged dust on radar observations in the Earth ionosphere. This region in the upper Earth atmosphere can be described as a partially ionized, low‐temperature plasma. Plasma parameters vary by orders of magnitude spatially and in time. Dust particles influence the charge balance, in some cases dusty plasma condition is met. The polar mesospheric echoes are an example of ...
  • In silico site-directed mutagenesis of the Daphnia magna ecdysone receptor identifies critical amino acids for species-specific and inter-species differences in agonist binding 

    Evenseth, Linn M.; Kristiansen, Kurt; Song, You; Tollefsen, Knut Erik; Sylte, Ingebrigt (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-04)
    Molting is an essential process in the life cycle of arthropods and is regulated by complex neuroendocrine pathways where activation of the ecdysone receptor (EcR) plays a major role. The EcR forms a non-covalent heterodimer with the ultraspiracle protein (USP) when activated by endogenous ecdysteroids, but can also be activated by several insecticides and other environmental chemicals. Environmental ...
  • Blinding is compromised for transcranial direct current stimulation at 1 mA for 20 min in young healthy adults 

    Turi, Zsolt; Csifcsak, Gabor; Boayue, Nya Mehnwolo; Aslaksen, Per M; Antal, Andrea; Paulus, Walter; Groot, Josephine; Hawkins, Guy E.; Opitz, Alexander; Thielscher, Axel; Mittner, Matthias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-19)
    Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non‐invasive brain stimulation method that is frequently used to study cortical excitability changes and their impact on cognitive functions in humans. While most stimulators are capable of operating in double‐blind mode, the amount of discomfort experienced during tDCS may break blinding. Therefore, specifically designed sham stimulation protocols ...
  • Solar Flare Effects on 150-km Echoes Observed Over Jicamarca: WACCM-X Simulations 

    Pedatella, Nick; Chau, Jorge Luis; Vierinen, Juha; Qian, L; Reyes, Pablo; Kudeki, Erhan; Lehmacher, G; Oppenheim, Meers (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2019-09-11)
    Jicamarca Radio Observatory observations and Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model with thermosphere‐ionosphere eXtension (WACCM‐X) simulations are used to investigate the effects of the September 7, 2005 X‐17 solar flare on 150‐km echoes, electron densities, and vertical plasma drifts. The solar flare produces a remarkably similar response in the observed 150‐km echoes and simulated electron ...
  • Characterization of an intertidal zone metagenome oligoribonuclease and the role of the intermolecular disulfide bond for homodimer formation and nuclease activity 

    Piotrowski, Yvonne; Berg, Kristel; Klebl, David Paul; Leiros, Ingar; Larsen, Atle Noralf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-17)
    The gene encoding MG Orn has been identified from a metagenomic library created from the intertidal zone in Svalbard and encodes a protein of 184 amino acid residues. The <i>mg orn</i> gene has been cloned, recombinantly expressed in <i>Escherichia coli</i>, and purified to homogeneity. Biochemical characterization of the enzyme showed that it efficiently degrades short RNA oligonucleotide substrates ...

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