Recent additions

  • Use of complementary and alternative medicine in Norway: a cross-sectional survey with a modified Norwegian version of the international questionnaire to measure use of complementary and alternative medicine (I-CAM-QN) 

    Kristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter; Quandt, Sara A.; Stub, Trine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-16)
    <i>Background</i> - In recent decades complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been widely used worldwide as well as in Norway, where CAM is offered mainly outside the national health care service, mostly complementary to conventional treatment and fully paid for by the patients. With few exceptions, previous research has reported on frequency and associations of total CAM use in Norway ...
  • Short-term balance training and acute effects on postural sway in balancedeficient older adults: a randomized controlled trial 

    Sörlén, Niklas; Hult, Andreas; Hava Nordström, Anna; Nordström, Peter; Johansson, Jonas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-09)
    <p>Background: We aimed to determine the effectiveness of 4 weeks of balance exercise compared with no intervention on objectively measured postural sway. <p>Methods: This was a single-center parallel randomized controlled, open label, trial. A six-sided dice was used for allocation at a 1:1-ratio between exercise and control. The trial was performed at a university hospital clinic in Sweden and ...
  • Cross-cultural adaption and psychometric investigation of the German version of the Evidence Based Practice Attitude Scale (EBPAS-36D) 

    Szota, Katharina; Thielemann, Jonathan F. B.; Christiansen, Hanna; Rye, Marte; Aarons, Gregory A.; Barke, Antonia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-06-02)
    <p>Background: The implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) in mental health care confers many benefits to patients, and research into factors facilitating the implementation of EBP is needed. As an important factor affecting the implementation of EBP, service providers’ attitudes toward EBP emerged. The Evidence-Based Practice Attitude Scale (EBPAS-36) is an instrument with good psychometric ...
  • Modes of Interaction in Naturally Occurring Medical Encounters with General Practitioners: The ´One in a Million´ Study 

    Lian, Olaug S; Nettleton, Sarah; Wifstad, Åge; Dowrick, Christopher (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-04)
    In this article, we qualitatively explore the manner and style in which medical encounters between patients and general practitioners (GPs) are mutually conducted, as exhibited in situ in 10 consultations sourced from the <i>One in a Million: Primary Care Consultations Archive</i> in England. Our main objectives are to identify interactional modes, to develop a classification of these modes, and to ...
  • Short-term balance training and acute effects on postural sway in balance-deficient older adults: a randomized controlled trial 

    Sörlén, Niklas; Hult, Andreas; Nordström, Peter; Nordström, Anna; Johansson, Jonas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-09)
    <p>Background: We aimed to determine the effectiveness of 4 weeks of balance exercise compared with no intervention on objectively measured postural sway. <p>Methods: This was a single-center parallel randomized controlled, open label, trial. A six-sided dice was used for allocation at a 1:1-ratio between exercise and control. The trial was performed at a university hospital clinic in Sweden and ...
  • Factors associated with treatment in primary versus specialist care: A population-based study of people with type 2 and type 1 diabetes 

    Slåtsve, Kristina Barbara; Claudi, Tor; Lappegård, Knut Tore; Jenum, Anne Karen; Larsen, Marthe; Nøkleby, Kjersti; Cooper, John; Sandberg, Sverre; Berg, Tore Julsrud (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-08)
    <p>Aims: The objectives of this study are to identify the proportion and characteristics of people with type 1 and 2 diabetes treated in primary, specialist and shared care and to identify the proportion of persons with type 2 diabetes reaching HbA<sub>1c</sub> treatment targets and the clinical risk factors and general practitioner and practice characteristics associated with treatment in specialist ...
  • Level of education and HIV viral load suppression in a population under universal anti-retroviral therapy in eSwatini 

    Dlamini, Thembelihle Ntokozo (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-05-31)
    <p>Introduction: HIV/AIDS continues to be amongst the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. There is no approved cure for HIV, but the disease can be managed using Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART). If drug adherence of about 95% is achieved, odds for a better clinical outcome increase. The level of education as a marker for many socio- economic status indicators has an impact ...
  • States’ Environmental Obligations in Disputed Maritime Areas and the Limits of International Law 

    Constantinos, Yiallourides; Ermolina, Natalia (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2021)
    There are many cases worldwide where two or more States’ maritime claims over ocean space and marine resources overlap, leading to disputed maritime areas. Many of these disputed maritime areas include rare or fragile marine ecosystems and constitute the habitat of vulnerable species. General environmental provisions under international law are binding upon States in disputed maritime areas. Yet, ...
  • Causal modelling of variation in clinical practice and long-term outcomes of ADHD using Norwegian registry data: The ADHD controversy project 

    Mykletun, Arnstein; Widding-Havneraas, Tarjei; Chaulagain, Ashmita; Lyhmann, Ingvild; Bjelland, Ingvar; Halmøy, Anne; Elwert, Felix; Butterworth, Peter; Markussen, Simen; Zachrisson, Henrik Daae; Rypdal, Knut (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-19)
    <p><i>Introduction:</i> Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is among the most common mental disorders in children and adolescents, and it is a strong risk factor for several adverse psychosocial outcomes over the lifespan. There are large between-country and within-country variations in diagnosis and medication rates. Due to ethical and practical considerations, a few studies have examined ...
  • A framework to guide planetary health education 

    Faerron Guzmán, Carlos A; Aguire, Alonso; Astle, Barbara; Barros, Enrique; Bayles, Brett; Chimbari, Moses; El-Abbadi, Naglaa; Evert, Jessica; Hackett, Finola; Howard, Courtney; Jennings, Jonathan; Krzyzek, Amy; LeClair, Jessica; Maric, Filip; Martin, Olwenn V.; Osano, Odipo; Patz, Jonathan; Potter, Teddie; Redvers, Nicole; Trienekens, Noortje; Walpole, Sarah; Wilson, Lynda; Xu, Chenchen; Zylstra, Matthew (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-21)
    People around the world are increasingly facing the pressing challenges of today's interconnected environmental, social, and health crises. The COVID-19 pandemic has been an important wake-up call reminding us that we need a healthy planet to ensure the health of all people. The emerging field of planetary health is a framework for understanding these interconnections and identifying solutions to ...
  • Idrett som integrasjonsarena - Betydninger av idrettsdeltagelse blant mannlige flyktninger 

    Corneliussen, Alexander Juhl (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-05-19)
    Hensikten med studien er å undersøke hvilken betydning idrettsdeltagelse har hatt for integrering av mannlige flyktninger. For å undersøke idrettsdeltagelsens betydning for integrering tar studien for seg tre forskningsspørsmål: • Hvordan beskriver flyktningene sine møter med den organiserte idretten? • Hvilke betydninger har idrettsdeltagelse for integrering? • Hva slags betydning tillegger ...
  • Naturopplevelser i skolen: En kvalitativ studie av ungdoms naturopplevelser, naturkontakt og forhold til natur 

    Havaas, Marte Elise Rydland (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-05-25)
    Denne kvalitative undersøkelsen har hatt som mål å avdekke hvordan ungdom opplever natur, og hvilken rolle programfag friluftsliv kan ha for deres naturopplevelser og forhold til natur. Ut over dette er det også interessant å undersøke hva naturopplevelse er for ungdommene, og hvilke kvaliteter ved naturopplevelsene som beskrives. Samt hvilken betydning naturopplevelser og naturkontakt har for ...
  • A study on the interactions between perfluorosulfonic acids and P-glycoprotein 

    Voloshyna, Tetyana (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2021-05-18)
    Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have received a great deal of attention due to the ubiquitous occurrence and persistence in the environment, resistance to degradation, and biological accumulation in wildlife and humans. PFAS are being detected around the globe, raising concerns regarding the toxicity and health risks to humans. Studies have shown that environmental toxicants, including PFAS, can ...
  • Attacking styles for Tromsø IL- A study of goals and how Tromsø IL score goals. -An investigation for classifying goal scoring patterns and scoring efficiency. A case study of Tromsø Idrettslag. 

    Johansen, Jonas (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-05-14)
    Abstract Attacking styles within Tromsø IL- A study of scored goals and how Tromsø IL score goals. The purpose of this study is finding what attacking styles and formation were most effective regarding scoring goals for Tromsø IL (TIL) in the competitive seasons 2018, 2019 and 2020. In total TIL have scored 140 goals over the three seasons which averages 46,6 goals per season. Analyses of which ...
  • Å lære om snøskred og ta beslutninger i skredterreng: En kvantitativ studie av nybegynneres faktorbruk i sin beslutningstaking 

    Jorunnson Heill, Brage (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-05-14)
    9 av 10 som omkommer i snøskred utløste selv skredet. Å forbedre beslutningene i forkant av en ulykke kan derfor være livbergende. Hvordan vi driver opplæring i skredfaget er derfor viktig. Tidligere studier har sett på hvilke faktorer eksperter ser som relevante og benytter i sin beslutningstaking. Denne studien ser på hvilke faktorer nybegynnere bruker og ser på som viktige etter at de har gjennomført ...
  • Hvordan trener supermosjonister som hevder seg på regionalt nivå? En deskriptiv studie av treningsfrekvens, treningsvolum og treningsintensitet blant vinnere av Saltenregionens mosjonsløp 

    Underdahl, Tor Arne (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-05-14)
    Bakgrunn: Veldig få studier har tatt for seg treningen til godt trente mosjonister, eller såkalte supermosjonister, som hevder seg helt i toppen i regionale mosjonistløp. Det finnes ikke mange studier som beskriver faktorene treningsfrekvens, treningsvolum eller treningsintensiteten blant disse. Mål: Formålet med studien er å belyse problemstillingen: Hvordan trener supermosjonister som hevder seg ...
  • Sammenhengen mellom kampresultat og fysisk prestasjonsevne i elitefotball 

    Nilsen, Joakim Amandus (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-05-11)
    Introduksjon: Det scores flest mål i elitefotball i løpet av de siste 15 minuttene. Det kan være forklart med mer tretthet i løpet av kampen og derfor være påvirket av fysisk prestasjonsevne hos fotballspillere. Hensikten med denne studien var å undersøke forskjeller i høyhastighetsløp (HIR) og sprintdistanse (S), totale distanse (TD), og akselerasjonsaksjoner (ACC + -) i kamper som ender med seier, ...
  • Medical malpractice in Norway: frequency and distribution of disciplinary actions for medical doctors 2011–2018 

    Harbitz, Martin Bruusgaard; Stensland, Per Steinar; Abelsen, Birgit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-09)
    <p>Background: Physicians who perform unsafe practices and harm patients may be disciplined. In Norway, there are five types of disciplinary action, ranging from a warning for the least serious examples of malpractice to loss of licence for the most serious ones. Disciplinary actions always involve medical malpractice. The aims of this study were to investigate the frequency and distribution of ...
  • Kunnskapsoppsumering og klassifisering av tiltaket: Circle of Security (COS) International – Parenting (COS-P) (2.utg.) 

    Rye, Marte; Eng, Helene (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2021-03-12)
    <p>BACKGROUND: Circle of security (COS) is a group of attachment-based parental guidance interventions designed to promote sensitive and affective communication with the child, increasing the child’s sense of security and self-understanding. This article describes the Circle of Security (COS) International – Parenting (COS-P), which is a preventive intervention targeting groups of families. The ...
  • Is the ongoing obesity epidemic partly explained by concurrent decline in cigarette smoking? Insights from a longitudinal population study. The Tromsø Study 1994–2016 

    Løvsletten, Ola; Njølstad, Inger; Wilsgaard, Tom; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Jacobsen, Bjarne K.; Bønaa, Kaare Harald; Eggen, Anne Elise; Løchen, Maja-Lisa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-23)
    <p>The increase of obesity coincides with a substantial decrease in cigarette smoking. We assessed post-cessation weight change and its contribution to the obesity epidemic in a general population in Norway. A total of 14,453 participants (52.6% women), aged 25–54 years in 1994, who attended at least two of four surveys in the Tromsø Study between 1994 and 2016, were included in the analysis. Hereof ...

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