Recent additions

  • ‘Where to ski?’: an ethnography of how guides make sense while planning 

    Løland, Stig; Markus, Hällgren (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-10)
    A ski guide’s job is to take recreational skiers into avalanche terrain. In this paper, we explore how ski guides make sense of complex social and ecological contexts while planning. Our data arises out of a one-year participant ethnography of ski guiding in Norway, and shows that guides work towards becoming socio-ecologically embedded by making sense of who the clients and what the mountain ...
  • Return to Work after Surgery for Cervical Radiculopathy: A Nationwide Registry-based Observational Study 

    Hara, Sozaburo; Lønne, Vetle Vangen; Aasdahl, Lene; Salvesen, Øyvind Olav; Solberg, Tore; Gulati, Sasha; Hara, Karen Walseth (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-02-15)
    Study Design - An observational multicenter study.<p> <p>Summary of Background Data - Return to work (RTW) is increasingly used to assess the standard, benefit, and quality of health care.<p> <p>Objective - The aim of this study was to evaluate sick leave patterns among patients undergoing surgery for cervical radiculopathy and identify predictors of successful RTW using two nationwide ...
  • Recombinant T-cell receptors from HPA-1a specific T-cells 

    Sætre, Thomas (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-02-01)
    Fetal- and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia is a condition that can cause hemorrhage and potential brain damage or death in neonates. It is most often a result of maternal alloantibodies specific for fetal Human Platelet antigen 1a (HPA-1a) that destroy fetal platelets. The recognition of the HPA-1a peptide-MHC complex by T-cells involve a peculiar form of T-cell receptor peptide-MHC ...
  • Reflections on the nature of measurement in language-based automated assessments of patients' mental state and cognitive function 

    Foltz, Peter W.; Chandler, Chelsea; Diaz-Asper, Catherine; Cohen, Alex S.; Rodriguez, Zachary; Holmlund, Terje Bektesevic; Elvevåg, Brita (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-22)
    Modern advances in computational language processing methods have enabled new approaches to the measurement of mental processes. However, the field has primarily focused on model accuracy in predicting performance on a task or a diagnostic category. Instead the field should be more focused on determining which computational analyses align best with the targeted neurocognitive/psychological functions ...
  • 'Responsibilities of Risk: Living with Mental Illness During COVID-19 

    Brandt Ryborg Jønsson, Alexandra; Christensen, Iben Emilie; Reventlow, Susanne; Risør, Mette Bech (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-10)
    Following the COVID-19 pandemic, Denmark introduced repeated lockdowns of society, including outreach services and visits from social workers for people living with mental illnesses. Based on ethnographic fieldwork, in this article we explore how people with mental illness react to and manage their lives amid COVID-19 mitigations, focusing on how they experience and negotiate vulnerability at ...
  • Individual and country-level variables associated with the medicalization of birth: Multilevel analyses of IMAgiNE EURO data from 15 countries in the WHO European region 

    Miani, Céline; Wandschneider, Lisa; Batram-Zantvoort, Stephanie; Covi, Benedetta; Elden, Helen; Nedberg, Ingvild Hersoug; Drglin, Zalka; Pumpure, Elizabete; Costa, Raquel; Rozée, Virginie; Otelea, Marina Ruxandra; Drandić, Daniela; Radetic, Jelena; Abderhalden-Zellweger, Alessia; Ćerimagić, Amira; Arendt, Maryse; Mariani, Ilaria; Linden, Karolina; Ponikvar, Barbara Mihevc; Jakovicka, Dārta; Dias, Heloisa; Ruzicic, Jovana; de Labrusse, Claire; Valente, Emanuelle Pessa; Zaigham, Mehreen; Bohinec, Anja; Rezeberga, Dace; Barata, Catarina; Pfund, Anouk; Sacks, Emma; Lazzerini, Marzia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-18)
    Objective: To investigate potential associations between individual and country-level factors and medicalization of birth in 15 European countries during the COVID-19 pandemic.<p> <p>Methods: Online anonymous survey of women who gave birth in 2020–2021. Multivariable multilevel logistic regression models estimating associations between indicators of medicalization (cesarean, instrumental vaginal ...
  • Rates of instrumental vaginal birth and cesarean and quality of maternal and newborn health care in private versus public facilities: Results of the IMAgiNE EURO study in 16 countries 

    Lazzerini, Marzia; Valente, Emanuelle Pessa; Covi, Benedetta; Rozée, Virginie; Costa, Raquel; Otelea, Marina Ruxandra; Abderhalden-Zellweger, Alessia; Węgrzynowska, Maria; Linden, Karolina; Arendt, Maryse; Brigidi, Serena; Miani, Céline; Pumpure, Elizabete; Radetic, Jelena; Drandic, Daniela; Cerimagic, Amira; Nedberg, Ingvild Hersoug; Liepinaitienė, Alina; Rodrigues, Carina; de Labrusse, Claire; Baranowska, Barbara; Zaigham, Mehreen; Castañeda, Lara Martín; Batram-Zantvoort, Stephanie; Jakovicka, Dārta; Ruzicic, Jovana; Juciūtė, Simona; Santos, Teresa; Gemperle, Michael; Tataj-Puzyna, Urszula; Elden, Helen; Mizgaitienė, Marija; Lincetto, Ornella; Sacks, Emma; Mariani, Ilaria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-10)
    Objective: To explore the quality of maternal and newborn care (QMNC) during the COVID-19 pandemic by facility type among 16 European countries, comparing rates of instrumental vaginal birth and cesarean.<p> <p>Methods: Women who gave birth in the WHO European Region from March 1, 2020, to February 7, 2022, answered a validated online questionnaire. Rates of instrumental birth, instrumental ...
  • SSRI-use, depression, and socioeconomic status among Norwegian adult women – A cross-sectional study with data from the NOWAC-study 

    Waag, Natalie (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-12-28)
    <p><i>Introduction -</i> Depressive disorders affect a significant part of the population, and its effects can be debilitating. Such disorders have a higher prevalence among women and previous studies have shown that there is a consistent association between SES and depression, and between SES and SSRI-use. The primary aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between SES ...
  • Parental cognitive vulnerability during the perinatal period and its effect on mental health and the parent-infant relationship. Results from the NorBaby-study 

    Bohne, Agnes (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2023-02-10)
    Perinatal periode er en krevende overgang i livet, som medfører økt risiko for psykiske helseutfordringer. Nedsatt psykisk helse hos foreldrene utgjør risiko for foreldre-barn relasjonen og for barnets utvikling. Gjennom samspillet med sine omsorgsgivere utvikler barnet emosjonsregulering og sosiale ferdigheter. Foreldre som blir fanget i repeterende negative tanker kan ha lite kapasitet til å plukke ...
  • Interrater and intrarater agreement on heart murmurs 

    Andersen, Stian; Davidsen, Anne Herefoss; Schirmer, Henrik; Melbye, Hasse; Spigt, Marcus; Aviles Solis, Juan Carlos (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-01-04)
    Objective: To investigate interrater and intrarater agreement between physicians and medical students on heart sound classification from audio recordings, and factors predicting agreement with a reference classification.<p> <p>Design: Intra- and interrater agreement study. <p>Subjects: Seventeen GPs and eight cardiologists from Norway and the Netherlands, eight medical students from Norway. <p>Main ...
  • Reaching consensus on definitions for food and physical activity policies: experience from the Policy Evaluation Network 

    Kelly, Liam; Twohig, Cliona; Woods, Cathrine B.; Luszczynska, Aleksandra; Murrin, Celine M.; Lien, Nanna; Meshkovska, Biljana; Kamphuis, Carlijn B.M.; Poelman, Maartje; Terragani, Laura; Forberger, Sarah; Hebestreit, Antje; Ahrens, Wolfgang; Harrington, Janas M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-11-29)
    <p><i>Background -</i> An upsurge in policy evaluation research within public health sciences has led to multi-disciplinary research networks like the ‘Policy Evaluation Network’ (PEN). This multi-disciplinary collaboration highlighted the need for consensus on clear, common terminology and definitions to facilitate the multi-disciplinary research. This article outlines the development process of ...
  • How is your life? understanding the relative importance of life domains amongst older adults, and their associations with self-perceived COVID-19 impacts 

    Chen, Gang; Olsen, Jan Abel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-06)
    Purpose - This study aims to provide new knowledge on the relative importance of key life domains amongst older adults, and how the Coronavirus pandemic has influenced their life (domain) satisfaction.<p> <p>Methods - A cross-sectional survey was administrated to an online panel of the general public aged 65 years and older in Australia from 28 April to 26 May 2020. Life satisfaction was measured ...
  • Health characteristics associated with chemsex among men who have sex with men: Results from a cross-sectional clinic survey in Norway 

    Amundsen, Eirik; Haugstvedt, Åse; Skogen, Vegard; Berg, Rigmor (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-10-05)
    Background Chemsex typically involves drugs such as GHB/GBL, crystal meth and mephedrone, and is increasingly common among MSM. The behaviour has been found to be associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and mental health problems. We aimed to assess the extent of chemsex engagement and associations with different aspects of health, among MSM attending a free specialist walk-in clinic ...
  • Achievements of primary prevention targets in individuals with high risk of cardiovascular disease: an 8-year follow-up of the Tromsø study 

    Hagen, Amalie Nilsen; Ariansen, Inger Kristine Holtermann; Hanssen, Tove Aminda; Lappegård, Knut Tore; Eggen, Anne Elise; Løchen, Maja-Lisa; Njølstad, Inger; Wilsgaard, Tom; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-22)
    Aims To study change over 8 years in cardiovascular risk, achievement of national guideline-based treatment targets of lipids, blood pressure (BP) and smoking in primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD), medication use, and characteristics associated with target achievement among individuals with high CVD risk in a general population.<p> <p>Methods and results We followed 2524 women ...
  • Dietary intake of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) and cancer risk across more than 20 anatomical sites: A multinational cohort study 

    Córdova, Reynalda; Mayén, Ana-Lucia; Knaze, Viktoria; Aglago, Elom Kouassivi; Schalkwijk, Casper; Wagner, Karl-Heinz; Overvad, Kim; Tjønneland, Anne; Kyrø, Cecilie; Katzke, Verena Andrea; Cornet, Charlotte Le; Schulze, Matthias Bernd; Birukov, Anna; Palli, Domenico; Grioni, Sara; Pasanisi, Fabrizio; Catalano, Alberto; Sandanger, Torkjel M; Gram, Inger Torhild; Skeie, Guri; Crous-Bou, Marta; Molina-Montes, Esther; Amiano, Pilar; Colorado-Yohar, Sandra Milena; Ardanaz, Eva; Drake, Isabel; Manjer, Jonas; Johansson, Ingegerd; Esberg, Anders; Perez-Cornago, Aurora; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Jenab, Mazda; Freisling, Heinz (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-08-04)
  • The use of light, restrictive feeding, fibrous feed and stocking density and the consequences for animal welfare for poultry species kept in Norway - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Animal Health and Welfare of the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food and Environment 

    Bøe, Knut Egil; Grahek-Ogden, Danica; Hoel, Kristian; Gjøen, Tor; Godfroid, Jacques Xavier Leon; Janczak, Andrew Michael; Madslien, Knut; Olsen, Rolf-Erik; Rimstad, Espen; Øverli, Øyvind; Agdestein, Angelika (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022-06-15)
  • Virtuelt CT-laboratorium som et studentaktivt undervisningsredskap 

    Johansen, Kurt Jonny (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2017-10-24)
    Radiografutdanningen uteksaminerer kandidater som skal praktisere innenfor høyteknologisk medisin, drive med utredning og behandling med stadig mer avanserte metoder. Dette stiller høye krav til både studentene og utdanningen. For å stimulere til studentaktivitet og best mulig læringsutbytte, tar vi i bruk nye pedagogiske metoder.
  • Joint effect of myocardial infarction and obesity on the risk of venous thromboembolism: The Tromsø Study 

    Sejrup, Joakim Knutsen; Tøndel, Birgitte Gladsø; Morelli, Vania Maris; Løchen, Maja-Lisa; Njølstad, Inger; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Wilsgaard, Tom; Hansen, John Bjarne; Brækkan, Sigrid Kufaas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-19)
    Background: Myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Obesity is a recognized risk factor for both MI and VTE. Whether obesity further increases the risk of VTE in MI patients is scarcely investigated.<p> <p>Aim: To study the joint effect of MI and obesity on the risk of VTE. <p>Methods: Study participants (n = 29 410) were recruited from ...
  • The Interaction Between Venous Thromboembolism and Socioeconomic Status on the Risk of Disability Pension 

    Jørgensen, Helle; Horvath-Puho, Erzsebet; Laugesen, Kristina; Brækkan, Sigrid Kufaas; Hansen, John Bjarne; Sørensen, Henrik Toft (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    <p><b> Background: </b>Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is associated with increased risk of disability pension. How socioeconomic status (SES) impacts the risk of disability pension after a VTE is unknown. The aim of this nationwide population based cohort study to investigate the interaction between SES and incident VTE on the risk of subsequent disability pension. <p><b> Methods:</b> Using Danish ...
  • En sen høstdag ved Kreftregisteret, 1979 

    Lund, Eiliv (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-10-12)

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