Recent additions

  • Total Oxidizable Precursors Assay for PFAS in Human Serum 

    Cioni, Lara; Nikiforov, Vladimir; Miranda Fernandes Coelho, Ana Carolina; Sandanger, Torkjel M; Herzke, Dorte (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-11-23)
    Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a class of chemicals including over 4700 substances. As a limited number of PFAS is routinely analyzed in human serum, complementary analytical methods are required to characterize the overlooked fraction. A promising tool is the total oxidizable precursors (TOP) assay to look for precursors by oxidation to perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAA). The TOP assay was ...
  • Two-year motor outcomes associated with the dose of NICU based physical therapy: The Noppi RCT 

    Øberg, Gunn Kristin; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Campbell, Suzann K.; Ustad, Tordis; Fjørtoft, Toril Larsson; Kaaresen, Per Ivar; Girolami, Gay L. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-25)
    Background - Interventions involving both the parent and the preterm infant have demonstrated lasting effects on cognitive outcomes, but motor effects are less salient. It remains unclear when to commence early intervention and if dosages have impact on motor outcomes.<p> <p>Aims - To examine the effect on motor performance at 24-months corrected age following a parent-administered intervention ...
  • A four-month home-based tDCS study on patients with Alzheimer’s disease 

    Grønli, Ole Kristian; Rasmussen, Ingrid Daae; Aslaksen, Per M; Bystad, Martin Kragnes (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-19)
    In the present open-label study, our first aim was to study the tolerability and feasibility of long-term treatment with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and the second aim was to measure whether the treatment led to cognitive improvement. Participants with AD used a tDCS home-treatment kit inducing a low current (2 mA) via two scalp electrodes 30 minutes daily for 4 months. A total ...
  • Reduction in manual asymmetry and decline in fine manual dexterity in right-handed older adults with mild cognitive impairment 

    Vasylenko, Olena; Gorecka, Marta Maria; Waterloo, Knut; Rodríguez-Aranda, Claudia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-08-16)
    Research in Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s disease suggests that hand function is affected by neurodegenerative diseases. However, little is known about the relationship between hand function and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Therefore, we conducted a kinematic analysis of unimanual hand movements in MCI patients to answer whether manual asymmetries and manual dexterity are affected or preserved ...
  • Cervical spine surgery in the Northern Norway Regional Health Authority area in 2014-18 

    Ingebrigtsen, Tor; Guldhaugen, Kristel Ailin; Kristiansen, Jon-André; Kloster, Roar; Grotle, Margreth; Solberg, Tore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-24)
    <p><b>BAKGRUNN</b> Kunnskap om variasjon i behandlingsrater er nødvendig for å vurdere om tilgangen til helsetjenester er likeverdig. Formålet med denne studien var å undersøke rater for kirurgisk behandling av degenerative nakkelidelser i Norge og Helse Nord, samt egendekningen i Helse Nord, og å vurdere aktiviteten i regionen. <p><b>MATERIALE OG METODE</b> Vi inkluderte operasjoner ...
  • The effect of transcranial direct current stimulation on the interplay between executive control, behavioral variability and mind wandering: A registered report 

    Alexandersen, Andreas; Mittner, Matthias; Csifcsak, Gabor; Groot, Josephine Maria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-11)
    Mind wandering (MW) is a mental phenomenon humans experience daily. Yet, we lack a complete understanding of the neural basis of this pervasive mental state. Over the past decade there has been an increase in publications using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to modulate the propensity to mind wander, but findings are diverse, and a satisfactory conclusion is missing. Recently, Boayue ...
  • Health professionals' experience of treatment of patients whose community treatment order was revoked under new capacity-based mental health legislation in Norway: qualitative study 

    Wergeland, Nina Camilla; Fause, Åshild; Fause, Anett Beatrix Osnes; Riley, Henriette; Weber, Astrid Karine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-10-11)
    <p><b> Background</b> Norway introduced capacity-based legislation in mental healthcare on 1 September 2017 with the aim of increasing patient autonomy and legal protection and reducing the use of coercion. The new legislation was expected to be particularly important for patients under community treatment orders (CTOs). <p><b> Aims</b> To explore health professionals’ experiences of how ...
  • Healthcare Professionals' Experiences with Rehabilitation Practices for Patients with Cognitive Impairment after Stroke in North Norway: A Qualitative Study 

    Bogstrand, Anniken; Gramstad, Astrid; Anke, Audny Gabriele Wagner; Stabel, Henriette Holm; Arntzen, Cathrine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-12)
    <i>Background and Aim.</i> Cognitive impairment is a common consequence following stroke. Previous research shows differences in rehabilitation services supporting physical, cognitive, and psychosocial needs. The aim of the current study was to explore health professionals’ experiences with service provision for patients with mild and moderate cognitive impairment after stroke in a North Norwegian ...
  • Possible strategies for use of artificial intelligence in screen-reading of mammograms, based on retrospective data from 122,969 screening examinations 

    Larsen, Marthe; Aglen, Camilla Flåt; Hoff, Solveig Roth; Lund-Hanssen, Håkon; Hofvind, Solveig Sand-Hanssen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-15)
    Objectives Artificial intelligence (AI) has shown promising results when used on retrospective data from mammographic screening. However, few studies have explored the possible consequences of different strategies for combining AI and radiologists in screen-reading.<p> <p>Methods A total of 122,969 digital screening examinations performed between 2009 and 2018 in BreastScreen Norway were retrospectively ...
  • A novel magnetic resonance imaging scoring system for active and chronic changes in children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis of the hip 

    Tanturri De Horatio, Laura; Shelmerdine, Susan C.; d’Angelo, Paola; Di Paolo, Pier Luigi; Magni-Manzoni, Silvia; Malattia, Clara; Damasio, Maria Beatrice; Tomà, Paolo; Avenarius, Derk Frederik Matthaus; Rosendahl, Karen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-23)
    Abstract Background Hip involvement predicts severe disease in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and is accurately assessed by MRI. However, a child-specifc hip MRI scoring system has not been validated.<p> <p>Objective To test the intra- and interobserver agreement of several MRI markers for active and chronic hip changes in children and young adults with JIA and to examine the precision of ...
  • Evolutionary Instability of Collateral Susceptibility Networks in Ciprofloxacin-Resistant Clinical Escherichia coli Strains 

    Sørum, Vidar; Øynes, Emma Lu; Sollied Møller, Anna; Harms, Klaus; Samuelsen, Ørjan; Podnecky, Nicole L.; Johnsen, Pål Jarle (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-07)
    ABSTRACT Collateral sensitivity and resistance occur when resistance development toward one antimicrobial either potentiates or deteriorates the effect of others. Previous reports on collateral effects on susceptibility focus on newly acquired resistance determinants and propose that novel treatment guidelines informed by collateral networks may reduce the evolution, selection, and spread of ...
  • Concordance between clinical and pathology TNM-staging in lung cancer 

    Solberg, Steinar; Nilssen, Yngvar; Brustugun, Odd Terje; Haram, Per Magnus; Helland, Åslaug; Møller, Bjørn; Strand, Trond-Eirik; Wahl, Sissel Gyrid Freim; Fjellbirkeland, Lars (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-25)
    Objectives: A prerequisite for utilizing the tumour, lymph-nodes, and metastases (TNM) for the staging of lung cancer patients is a high quality of the reported data on which the staging is based. The aim of this study was to investigate the concordance between the clinical, cTNM and the pathology, pTNM staging for lung cancer, version 8 as reported to the Cancer Registry of Norway (CRN).<p> < ...
  • Antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of clinically important bacterial pathogens at the Kamuzu Central Hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi 

    Choonara, Faheema E.; Haldorsen, Bjørg; Ndhlovu, Isaac; Saulosi, Osborne; Maida, Tarsizio; Lampiao, Fanuel; Simonsen, Gunnar Skov; Essack, Sabiha Y.; Sundsfjord, Arnfinn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-01)
    Background The aim of this prospective study was to ascertain antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in clinical bacterial pathogens from in-hospital adult patients at a tertiary hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi. Methods<p> <p>Clinical specimens (blood culture, pus, urine and cerebrospinal fluid) collected during June to December 2017 were examined for bacterial growth in standard aerobic conditions. One ...
  • Improving the Applicability of AI for Psychiatric Applications through Human-in-the-loop Methodologies 

    Chandler, Chelsea; Foltz, Peter W.; Elvevåg, Brita (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-26)
    Objectives: Machine learning (ML) and natural language processing have great potential to improve effciency and accuracy in diagnosis, treatment recommendations, predictive interventions, and scarce resource allocation within psychiatry. Researchers often conceptualize such an approach as operating in isolation without much need for human involvement, yet it remains crucial to harness human-inthe-loop ...
  • Sociodemographic factors, health indicators and lifestyle factors among participants in BreastScreen Norway 2006-2016 – a cohort profile 

    Robsahm, Trude Eid; Sagstad, Silje; Thy, Jonas Evensen; Hofvind, Solveig Sand-Hanssen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-10-12)
    Purpose: To collect information on sociodemographic factors, health indicators, and lifestyle factors in women who attended the nationwide breast cancer-screening program, BreastScreen Norway, with the aim of investigating how these factors influence the risk of breast cancer, other cancer types, and cancer-related outcomes. <p>Participants: The cohort data includes self-reported responses to ...
  • Self-reported mind wandering reflects executive control and selective attention 

    Hawkins, Guy E.; Mittner, Matthias; Forstmann, Birte U.; Heathcote, Andrew (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-07)
    Mind wandering is ubiquitous in everyday life and has a pervasive and profound impact on task-related performance. A range of psychological processes have been proposed to underlie these performance-related decrements, including failures of executive control, volatile information processing, and shortcomings in selective attention to critical task-relevant stimuli. Despite progress in the development ...
  • Risk of obstetric anal sphincter injury associated with female genital mutilation/cutting and timing of deinfibulation 

    Taraldsen, Sølvi; Vangen, Siri; Øian, Pål; Sørbye, Ingvil (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-08-09)
    Introduction: A greater risk of obstetric anal sphincter injury has been reported among African migrants in several host countries compared with the general population. To what degree female genital mutilation/cutting affects this risk is not clear. In infibulated women, deinfibulation prevents anal sphincter injury. Whether the timing of deinfibulation affects the risk, is unknown. This study ...
  • Indigenous Sami Family Caregivers’ Experiences With Accessing and Collaborating With Municipal Health and Care Services 

    Blix, Bodil Hansen; Munkejord, Mai Camilla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-14)
    Previous research has indicated that Indigenous Sami families in Norway use public home-based care services less often than their non-Sami peers. Based on qualitative interviews with Sami family caregivers, we explore what they experience as barriers to accessing public care services for older adults living with dementia, and how they experience collaborating with care services providers. Through a ...
  • What do I want to be? Predictors of communal occupational aspirations in early to middle childhood 

    Olsen, Marte; Olsson, Maria; Parks-Stamm, Elizabeth J.; Kvalø, Marie; Thorsteinsen, Kjærsti; Steffens, Melanie C.; Martiny, Sarah E. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-07)
    Research investigating occupational aspirations in childhood is scarce. In addition, most research on occupational aspirations has focused on increasing the number of women in agentic jobs. In the present work, we investigate factors associated with communal occupational aspirations in two studies with young children (Study 1: 159 children [84 boys, 75 girls], Mage = 5.51 years, SD = 0.37; Study 2: ...
  • Mid-life alcohol consumption and survival to age 90 in men: The Tromsø Study 1979–1980 with follow-up to 2019 

    Brenn, Tormod; Løvsletten, Ola (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-25)
    Aims: The Tromsø Study 1979–1980 collected information on alcohol (beer, wine and spirits) consumption frequency and inebriation frequency, and the oldest male participants (aged 50–54 years) were followed for all-cause mortality. This study aimed to identify the impact of habitual alcohol consumption in mid-life on reaching up to 90 years of age. Results: Among the study sample of 778, a total ...

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