Recent additions

  • Health complaints before and at one and five years after removal of dental amalgam restorations - data from a prospective cohort study in Norway 

    Sinha, Nivedita; Hamre, Harald Johan; Musial, Frauke; Werner, Erik Lønnmark; Björkman, Lars (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-03)
    Objective: Health complaints attributed to dental amalgam fillings comprise both intraoral and general health complaints. There are data suggesting that patients with medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) attributed to amalgam fillings show improvement in symptoms after removal of all amalgam fillings. However, data indicating changes of specific health complaints are limited. This study ...
  • Barne- og ungdomspsykiatri i et lavinntektsland (Nepal). Utfordringer, barrierer og muligheter i pasientbehandling og i samarbeid med distriktene. En kvalitativ studie 

    Somby, Silje Máret; Magga, Kristine Wollmann (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-06-15)
    Denne masteroppgaven tar for seg hvilke erfaringer kliniske psykologer og psykiatere ved det første BUP-senteret i Nepal har hatt med å utvikle barne- og ungdomspsykiatriske tjenester i et av verdens fattigste land. Det ble gjennomført kvalitative, individuelle dybdeintervjuer på engelsk av til sammen åtte informanter: fire psykologer og fire psykiatere fra BUP-poliklinikken på Kanti Children's ...
  • Nature Connectedness in Preschool Children 

    Gustavsson, Helenah (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2024-05-02)
    This study aimed to assess nature connectedness in preschool children. Spending time in nature is associated with multiple health benefits, in terms of cognitive, social, and emotional well-being. Individuals who are highly connected to nature tend to spend more time in nature. The objectives of this study were threefold: to examine if children in nature preschools differ in their nature connectedness ...
  • Advice from Humans and Artificial Intelligence: Can We Distinguish Them, and is One Better Than the Other? 

    Kuosmanen, Otto J.B. (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2024-05-01)
    The emergence of generative Artificial Intelligence (AI) has brought about the release of large language models (LLM) to the public. People are increasingly turning to AI for information and advice. Little is known about the quality of the AI output. This raises urgent questions regarding whether we can distinguish AI from human resources, how the quality of the content compares, and whether we ...
  • Hvordan samsvarer verdier for jodinntak målt ved ulike metoder? Resultater fra unge kvinner i MISA 2-undersøkelsen 

    Renå, Caroline Spets (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-15)
    Introduksjon: Utilstrekkelig jodinntak er et folkehelseproblem i flere land. Mange land i Europa og Norden har individer som er i risiko for mild til moderat jodmangel. Særlig fertile kvinner, gravide og ammende er i risiko. Jod er et sporstoff som er essensielt for thyreoideahormonene trijodtyrotyronin og tyroksin. Hormonene er involvert i reguleringen av metabolismen og er viktig for normal utvikling ...
  • Intake of Fat and the Risk of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer in the Norwegian Women and Cancer Study 

    Magnussen, Frida Stormo (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-15)
    Worldwide, ovarian cancer is the 8th most common cancer type for women. According to The World Cancer Research Fund, the research on the associations between intake of fat and risk of ovarian cancer is limited. The aim was to study the possible associations between the intake of total fat, trans fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, saturated fatty acids, cholesterol ...
  • An Investigation into the Effects of Chronic High Fructose Consumption on Liver Histology, Triglyceride Content and Gene Expression in Male Sprague-Dawley Rats 

    Fredriksen, John Martin Ming (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-14)
    Background: Chronic high fructose intake is associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and metabolic-dysfunction associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). Fructose metabolised in the liver is not subject to the same strict regulation as glucose, and high fructose intake can therefore increase lipid production and storage, leading to detrimental metabolic changes. Fructose may also induce hypertension ...
  • Fish consumption and time trends in blood concentrations of six perfluoroalkyl acids 

    Stensrud, Vanja (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-13)
    The European Food Safety Authority has established a new upper limit for weekly intake of four different perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs), which the Norwegian population exceeds through current fish consumption. PFAA blood concentrations are influenced by various factors and concentrations in the environment has undergone significant changes in the last 30 years. This thesis aimed to assess the potential ...
  • Forensic DNA phenotyping - Towards reliable and accurate DNA tests for prediction of eye colour, hair colour and biogeographical ancestry 

    Salvo, Nina Mjølsnes (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2024-06-27)
    Forensic DNA phenotyping (FDP) can aid police investigations where there is no match between the crime scene DNA and a suspect or a database hit. By using FDP, we can predict appearance and biogeographical ancestry (BGA) of an unknown person. These DNA tests are currently being implemented in forensic casework in many countries. However, prior to implementation, the methods have to be evaluated and ...
  • Biogeographical Ancestry Analyses Using the ForenSeq™ DNA Signature Prep Kit and Multiple Prediction Tools 

    Salvo, Nina Mjølsnes; Olsen, Gunn-Hege; Berg, Thomas; Janssen, Kirstin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2024-04-18)
    The inference of biogeographical ancestry (BGA) can assist in police investigations of serious crime cases and help to identify missing people and victims of mass disasters. In this study, we evaluated the typing performance of 56 ancestry-informative SNPs in 177 samples using the ForenSeq™ DNA Signature Prep Kit on the MiSeq FGx system. Furthermore, we compared the prediction accuracy of the tools ...
  • Man`s Best Friend and Therapist`s Best Assistant? Exploring the Potential of Dog-Assisted Interventions in Norwegian Institutions 

    Wiik, Ida Kristina Gule (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-02)
    Humans and dogs have a long history together. The dog’s purpose has changed from being a practical tool to being a “co-therapist”. Today, animal-assisted therapy is a common phenomenon internationally. However, the evidence for animal-assisted interventions is not very recognised in Norway. The present study aimed to investigate dogs’ ability as a form of emotional support for people in therapy in ...
  • Lunch Break Environments and Their Effect on Psychological Detachment and Well-Being 

    Borge, Lars Nordby (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-02)
    With increasing attention to the importance of recovery experiences, particularly in mitigating workplace stress and promoting well-being, the present research seeks to contribute to the understanding of how environmental factors influence psychological detachment and emotional exhaustion during lunch breaks. Drawing upon theories from both environmental psychology and work and occupational psychology, ...
  • Exploring the Link between Mind Wandering and Reinforcement Learning through Behavioral Analysis and Pupillometry 

    Karayel, Ceylin Yagmur (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-02)
    Many studies have shown the negative effects of mind wandering (MW) on performance in sustained attention tasks, however, its effects on reinforcement learning (RL), a process based on reward- and loss-based learning, is an unexplored field. In the current study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between MW and RL by employing a novel RL task to observe how MW influences performance. In ...
  • Eternal Sunshine of the Positive Mind? A Qualitative Study Investigating Laypeople’s Diverse Definition of Positive Thinking 

    Primdahl, Marie Seberg (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
    We often receive advice to think positively when faced with difficulties as it is believed to be helpful by increasing motivation to solve tasks or even to treat illness. Despite its prevalence, positivity as cognition has not been sufficiently defined. Thus, this thesis investigates folk theories about positive thinking through two qualitative studies; focus group interviews (n=18) and an online ...
  • The Sky is the Limit: Breaking the Glass Ceiling as an Ethnic Minority in Organizations 

    Babiker, Samy (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
    People with an ethnic minority background are becoming more prevalent in Western societies, and are more represented in the workforce as a consequence. Negative stereotypes and attitudes towards ethnic minorities persist in terms of lack of skill and knowledge that leads to discrimination and negative outcomes in their career progression. These obstacles make a glass ceiling that limit the potential ...
  • Elementary Children’s Well-Being and The Effect of Siblings During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Comparison of Four European Countries 

    Ingen, Kornelia van (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
    Late in 2019, the world changed due to the spreading of the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) virus. As a consequence of this virus, governments decided to implement lockdowns and school closures, as a measure to reduce the spreading of the deadly virus. In the present work, we aimed to investigate the impact these lockdowns and school closures had on children’s well-being. We used a cross-country approach with ...
  • Are There Gender Differences in Children’s Understanding of Hidden Emotions? 

    Kolve, Nora (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
    This study investigated whether there are gender differences in children's understanding of hidden emotions. Additionally, it explored whether there are gender differences in hidden emotion understanding in different social contexts (peer vs. family) and for different emotion categories (submissive emotions vs. disharmonious emotions). Our sample included 27 children aged four to six years and 17 ...
  • The Use of Situational Cues When Thinking About Future Action: The Relevance of Visual Imagery and Relationship With Conscientiousness 

    Bjørkhaug Johansen, Kristin (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
    Previous research has found a relationship between the habitual inclusion of situational cues in thoughts about future action, self-regulation success, and the personality trait conscientiousness. The present research aimed to replicate previous correlational findings from Martiny-Huenger et al., (2022) as well as presenting a new aspect that might influence the effectiveness of situational cue-thought ...
  • Adjusting the Instruction-Based Congruency Effect to an Explicit cue Requires Practise 

    Aasen, Steffen Rygg (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-01)
    Humans display an ability to rapidly adapt behaviour to novelly instructed relations. Instructions typically bind known stimuli and responses in novel ways that must be retained for future implementation, which can induce unintentional effects on a secondary task. This effect can be adjusted based on the degree of preparation for the retained instruction. Cues can be used to explicitly signal upcoming ...
  • Isolation and Biological Evaluation of Phomenins from the Marine Fungus Parafenestella sp. 

    Lesjø, Julie Marie (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2024-05-15)
    Background: Marine fungi are prolific producers of secondary metabolites. Phomenin A (2) and B (3) are secondary metabolites produced by Parafenestella sp. Previous studies have described them as bioactive, but due to the limited availability of pure compounds, their bioactivity has yet to be extensively characterised. These compounds were identified and isolated at Marbio, but the quantities obtained ...

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