Recent additions

  • Spared performance but increased uncertainty in schizophrenia: Evidence from a probabilistic decision-making task 

    Kreis, Isabel Viola; Zhang, Lei; Moritz, Steffen; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021)
    Aberrant attribution of salience to in fact little informative events might explain the emergence of positive symptoms in schizophrenia and has been linked to belief uncertainty. Uncertainty is thought to be encoded by neuromodulators, including norepinephrine. However, norepinephrinergic encoding of uncertainty, measured as task-related pupil dilation, has rarely been explored in schizophrenia. ...
  • An observational study of sleep characteristics in elite endurance athletes during an altitude training camp at 1800 m 

    Hrozanova, Maria; Kjøsen Talsnes, Rune; Karlsson, Øyvind; McGawley, Kerry; Moen, Frode (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-09)
    Objectives - To observe changes in sleep from baseline and during an altitude training camp in elite endurance athletes.<p> <p>Design - Prospective, observational.<p> <p>Setting - Baseline monitoring at <500 m for 2 weeks and altitude monitoring at 1800 m for 17-22 days.<p> <p>Participants - Thirty-three senior national-team endurance athletes (mean age 25.8 ± S.D. 2.8 years, 16 ...
  • Screening decisions for non-abuse concerns reported to child protection agencies- a structural equation model for referral content and decision outcome 

    Vis, Svein Arild; Lauritzen, Camilla; Fluke, John (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-16)
    Objectives: Child protection referrals that contain information about incidents of physical child abuse, sexual abuse, and domestic violence have a high chance of being screened in for investigation. The aim of the current study is to investigate which case factors that affect the decision to screen-in cases with other types of concerns.<p> <p>Method: A sample of referrals (N = 1365) to child ...
  • Changes in adiposity, physical activity, cardiometabolic risk factors, diet, physical capacity and well-being in inactive women and men aged 57-74 years with obesity and cardiovascular risk – A 6-month complex lifestyle intervention with 6-month follow-up 

    Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Deraas, Trygve Sigvart; Henriksen, André; Martiny-Huenger, Torsten; Grimsgaard, Sameline (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-08-25)
    A key challenge in lifestyle interventions is long-term maintenance of favorable lifestyle changes. Middle-aged and older adults are important target groups. The purpose of this analysis was to investigate changes in adiposity, physical activity, cardiometabolic risk factors, diet, physical capacity, and well-being, in inactive middle-aged and older women and men with obesity and elevated cardiovascular ...
  • Cutoff criteria for the placebo response: a cluster and machine learning analysis of placebo analgesia. 

    Aslaksen, Per M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-09-28)
    Computations of placebo effects are essential in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for separating the specific effects of treatments from unspecific effects associated with the therapeutic intervention. Thus, the identification of placebo responders is important for testing the efficacy of treatments and drugs. The present study uses data from an experimental study on placebo analgesia to suggest ...
  • Association of smoking and cancer with the risk of venous thromboembolism: the Scandinavian Thrombosis and Cancer cohort 

    Paulsen, Benedikte; Gran, Olga Vikhammer; Severinsen, Marianne T.; Hammerstrøm, Jens; Kristensen, Søren Risom; Cannegieter, Suzanne C.; Skille, Hanne; Tjønneland, Anne; Rosendaal, Frits; Overvad, Kim; Næss, Inger Anne; Hansen, John-Bjarne; Brækkan, Sigrid K. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-09-21)
    Smoking is a well-established risk factor for cancer, and cancer patients have a high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Conflicting results have been reported on the association between smoking and risk of VTE, and the effect of smoking on VTE-risk in subjects with cancer is scarcely studied. We aimed to investigate the association between smoking and VTE in subjects with and without cancer in ...
  • Accelerometer-measured physical activity in Norwegian adolescents. Results from The Fit Futures Study 

    Beldo, Sigurd (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2021-12-16)
    This thesis examined the prevalence and patterns of accelerometer-measured physical activity in a cohort of urban-rural older adolescents in Northern Norway, participating in the Fit Futures Study. The thesis also assessed the validity of self-reported physical activity against accelerometer measurements, and explored the association between accelerometer-measured physical activity and subsequent ...
  • Shaping the Perception of Risk: Investigating a Paradigmatic Case of Applied Decision Making under Uncertainty 

    Stephensen, Matthew (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2021-12-15)
    Risk and uncertainty characterise most human endeavours. Whether judging risk when buying a house, making a career change, considering marriage, or simply ordering food at an unfamiliar restaurant, each decision involves evaluating the available evidence to infer the likelihood of negative outcomes. Such decisions are often marked by uncertainty, the condition of incomplete knowledge about the ...
  • Kunnskapsoppsummering og klassifisering av tiltaket: MOT-programmet Robust ungdom 12–16 (1. utg) 

    Kaiser, Sabine; Martinussen, Monica (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-21)
    BAKGRUNN - MOT Robust ungdom 12–16 er et universelt forebyggende og helsefremmende tiltak rettet mot ungdom i alderen 12–16 år. Målet er å utvikle varmere å tryggere samfunn gjennom å utvikle robuste ungdommer som inkluderer alle. Tiltaket består av tolv klassebesøk over alle årene i ungdomsskolen der ulike tema behandles og gjennomgås etter en fast plan. I tillegg forekommer det andre miljøskapende ...
  • Does homeschooling fit students with school attendance problems? Exploring teachers’ experiences during COVID-19 

    Havik, Trude; Ingul, Jo Magne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-26)
    Attending school on a regular basis and completing school is usually seen as a precondition for students’ academic, emotional, and social learning and development. However, some students struggle with school attendance problems (SAPs) for a myriad of reasons. Homeschooling is a topic of concern in long-term or problematic SAP cases. Some scholars claim that school absenteeism might increase and be ...
  • Socioeconomic status and risk of incident venous thromboembolism 

    Jørgensen, Helle; Horváth-Puhó, Erzsébet; Laugesen, Kristina; Brækkan, Sigrid; Hansen, John-Bjarne; Sørensen, Henrik Toft (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-09-09)
    Background: Although venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, and socioeconomic status (SES) affects human health and health behavior, few studies have examined the association between SES and VTE. Objectives: We aimed to investigate the association between SES, assessed individually and in a composite score by levels of education, income, and employment status, and ...
  • Here, there, and everywhere: Applying vignettes to investigate appraisals of job demands 

    Langseth-Eide, Benedicte; Vittersø, Joar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-21)
    The job characteristics literature has revealed that job demands can be differentiated into hindrance and challenge demands. However, there has been little consensus on this categorization. Additionally, studies have revealed that job demands can be perceived as hindering and challenging at the same time. The present study aims to bring nuance to this topic by investigating two job demands (i.e., ...
  • Older Adults Living in Sheltered Housing’s Experiences of Involvement in Pro Re Nata Decisions. A Narrative Positioning Analysis 

    Nilsen, Marianne Kollerøs; Blix, Bodil Hansen; Sletvold, Hege; Olsen, Rose Mari (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-11-22)
    Decisions regarding pro re nata medications might be challenging due to the complex nature of the practice. The aim of this study was to expand our understanding of the experiences of older people living in sheltered housings with regard to shared decision-making concerning pro re nata medications. In this study, we conducted in-depth interviews with residents living in Norwegian sheltered housings. ...
  • Medication therapy and treatment goal achievement among persons with coronary heart disease in a general population - Guideline adherence, medication adherence and validation of medication use 

    Pedersen, Elisabeth (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2021-12-13)
    <p><i>Aim -</i> To assess the adherence to medication therapy for secondary prevention and achievement of treatment goals in persons with coronary heart disease (CHD) in a general population. <p><i>Methods -</i> This project used data from the seventh wave of the Tromsø Study, alone and linked with data from the Norwegian Prescription database (NorPD). Participants self-reporting CHD were included ...
  • Obesity measures, metabolic health and their association with 15-year all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in the SAMINOR 1 Survey: a population-based cohort study 

    Michalsen, Vilde Lehne; Wild, Sarah H.; Kvaløy, Kirsti; Svartberg, Johan; Melhus, Marita; Broderstad, Ann Ragnhild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-21)
    Background - The mortality of metabolic-obesity phenotypes has been thoroughly studied, but it is not known if or how the association between mortality and body mass index (BMI), waist circumference or a body shape index (ABSI) differ in strata of cardiometabolic health status.<p> <p>Methods - We linked data on 12,815 men and women aged 36–79 years from the SAMINOR 1 Survey with mortality data ...
  • Prediction of Eye Colour in Scandinavians Using the EyeColour 11 (EC11) SNP Set 

    Meyer, Olivia Strunge; Salvo, Nina Mjølsnes; Kjærbye, Anne; Kjersem, Marianne; Andersen, Mikkel Meyer; Sørensen, Erik; Ullum, Henrik; Janssen, Kirstin; Morling, Niels; Børsting, Claus; Olsen, Gunn-Hege; Andersen, Jeppe Dyrberg (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-27)
    Description of a perpetrator’s eye colour can be an important investigative lead in a forensic case with no apparent suspects. Herein, we present 11 SNPs (Eye Colour 11-EC11) that are important for eye colour prediction and eye colour prediction models for a two-category reporting system (blue and brown) and a three-category system (blue, intermediate, and brown). The EC11 SNPs were carefully selected ...
  • Shotgun-metagenomics based prediction of antibiotic resistance and virulence determinants in Staphylococcus aureus from periprosthetic tissue on blood culture bottles 

    Sanabria-Moreno, Adriana Maria; James Peter, Jessin Janice; Hjerde, Erik; Simonsen, Gunnar Skov; Hanssen, Anne Merethe (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-21)
    Shotgun-metagenomics may give valuable clinical information beyond the detection of potential pathogen(s). Identification of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), virulence genes and typing directly from clinical samples has been limited due to challenges arising from incomplete genome coverage. We assessed the performance of shotgun-metagenomics on positive blood culture bottles (n = 19) with periprosthetic ...
  • Ny ME-veileder innebærer en kursendring i behandlingen av kroniske utmattelsestilstander 

    Lian, Olaug S (Chronicle; Kronikk, 2021)
    National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) har nylig publisert nye retningslinjer for behandling av langvarige medisinsk uforklarte utmattelsestilstander som myalgisk encefalopati (ME) og kronisk utmattelsessyndrom (CFS). Retningslinjene innebærer en relativt stor kursendring, blant annet er den tidligere vektleggingen av fysisk trening og mentale mestringsstrategier erstattet av råd ...
  • Erfaringer med økonomiske støtteordninger for tannbehandling hos personer som er behandlet for hode-halskreft 

    Hadler-Olsen, Elin Synnøve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-11)
    Medlemmer i Munn- og halskreftforeningen mottok et spørreskjema for å kartlegge erfaringer med økonomiske refusjonsordninger for tannbehandling og kostnader til tannbehandling hos personer som er behandlet for hode-halskreft i Norge. I tillegg kartla vi utviklingen i Folketrygdens honorartakster for tannbehandling i perioden 2015-2020, og sammenlignet honorartakstene for 2021 med takstene for ...
  • Substituting facial movements in singers changes the sounds of musical intervals 

    Laeng, Bruno; Kuyateh, Sarjo; Kelkar, Tejaswinee (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-11-17)
    Cross-modal integration is ubiquitous within perception and, in humans, the McGurk effect demonstrates that seeing a person articulating speech can change what we hear into a new auditory percept. It remains unclear whether cross-modal integration of sight and sound generalizes to other visible vocal articulations like those made by singers. We surmise that perceptual integrative effects should ...

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