Recent additions

  • Obesity-related venous thromboembolism 

    Frischmuth, Tobias (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2023-02-22)
    Venous thromboembolism (VTE), a collective term for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is a common and multicausal disease. Obesity is a major and likely causal risk factor for VTE. However, to what extent obesity contributes to VTE risk in the general population and the mechanism of obesity-related VTE remain poorly understood. The overall aim of this thesis was (i) to ...
  • Observer agreement of imaging measurements used for evaluation of dentofacial deformity in juvenile idiopathic arthritis 

    Fischer, Johannes Maria; Halbig, Josefine Mareile; Augdal, Thomas Angell; Angenete, Oskar W; Stoustrup, Peter; Kristensen, Kasper Dahl; Skeie, Marit Slåttelid; Tylleskär, Karin; Rosén, Annika; Shi, Xie-Qi; Rosendahl, Karen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-08-02)
    Objectives: To examine the precision of imaging measures commonly used to assess mandibular morphology in children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Secondly, to compare cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the measurement of condylar height.<p> <p>Methods: Those included were children diagnosed with JIA during 2015–18 who had had ...
  • Inflammation and cognition in severe mental illness: patterns of covariation and subgroups 

    Sæther, Linn Sofie; Ueland, Thor; Haatveit, Beathe; Maglanoc, Luigi; Szabo, Attila; Djurovic, Srdjan; Aukrust, Pål; Roelfs, Daniël; Ormerod, Monica Bettina E. Greenwood; Lagerberg, Trine Vik; Steen, Nils Eiel; Melle, Ingrid; Andreassen, Ole; Ueland, Torill; Mohn, Christine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-28)
    A potential relationship between dysregulation of immune/inflammatory pathways and cognitive impairment has been suggested in severe mental illnesses (SMI), such as schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar (BD) spectrum disorders. However, multivariate relationships between peripheral inflammatory/immune-related markers and cognitive domains are unclear, and many studies do not account for inter-individual ...
  • A Universal Mental Health–Promoting Mobile App for Adolescents: Protocol for a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial 

    Kaiser, Sabine; Rye, Marte; Jakobsen, Reidar; Martinussen, Monica; Høgsdal, Helene; Kyrrestad, Henriette (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-01-11)
    Background: In times of increasing mental health problems among young people, strengthening efforts to improve mental health through mental health promotion and prevention becomes increasingly important. Effective measures that support young people in coping with negative thoughts, feelings, and stress are essential, not just for the individual but also for society. Objective: The aim of this ...
  • Bronkiolitt skal ikke behandles med glukokortikoider eller antibiotika 

    Nordal, Ellen Berit; Granslo, Hildegunn Norbakken; Esaiassen, Eirin; Leknessund, Carina Benedikte Bjørkvoll; Forsdahl, Bård Anders (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-30)
    Vi er inne i en hektisk sesong med virale luftveisinfeksjoner. Respiratorisk syncytialvirus (RS-virus) er den hyppigste årsaken til bronkiolitt hos barn. Pediatriveilederen er tydelig på at perorale glukokortikoider ikke har noen plass i behandlingen av bronkiolitt og at det sjelden er behov for antibiotika.
  • Predicting Commercial Pilot Training Performance: A Validation Study 

    Martinussen, Monica; Lang-Ree, Ole Christian; Mjøen, Håvard; Svendsen, Bengt; Barone, Adrian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-19)
    The main purpose of this study was to examine the predictive validity of the system used for ab initio selection of candidates to a bachelor program in aviation. The selection includes paper-and-pencil tests, computer-based tests, and an interview. A total of 188 candidates participated in the validation study. The total test score predicted the results of three exams in aviation theory (r = .27–.38) ...
  • Cardiovascular disease: risk assessment, total risk, and primary prevention in the general population. Insights from the Tromsø Study 

    Hagen, Amalie Nilsen (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2023-02-20)
    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity, calling for an active preventive approach. Elevated blood pressure and cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, unhealthy diet, inactivity, and obesity are key risk factors for CVD development. Several risk factors combined may put an individual at a high total CVD risk. To measure total CVD risk, we used the NORRISK 2 score that ...
  • Novel approach to artefact detection and the definition of normal ranges of segmental strain and strain-rate values 

    Kornev, Mikhail; Caglayan, Hatice Aklay; Kudryavtsev, Alexander V; Malyutina, Sofia; Ryabikov, Andrew; Stylidis, Michael; Schirmer, Henrik; Rosner, Assami (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-13)
    Aims - Strain artefacts are known to hamper the correct interpretation of segmental strain and strain-rate (S/SR). Defining the normal ranges of myocardial segmental deformation is important in clinical studies and routine echocardiographic practice. In order to define artefact-free normal ranges for segmental longitudinal S/SR parameters, we investigated the extent to which different types of ...
  • Gender Gap in Parental Leave Intentions: Evidence from 37 Countries 

    Olsson, Maria Ingrid Teresa; van Grootel, Sanne; Block, Katharina; Schuster, Carolin; Meeussen, Loes; Van Laar, Colette; Schmader, Toni; Croft, Alyssa; Sun, Molly Shuyi; ainsaar, Mare; Aarntzen, Lianne; Adamus, Magdalena; Anderson, Joel; Atkinson, Ciara; Avicenna, Mohamad; Bąbel, Przemysław; Barth, Markus; Benson-Greenwald, Tessa; Maloku, Edona; Berent, Jacques; Bergsieker, Hilary; Biernat, Monica; Birneanu, Andreea, Georgiana; Bodinaku, Blerta; Bosak, Janine; Bosson, Jennifer K.; Branković, Marija; Burkauskas, Julius; Čavojová, Vladimíra; Cheryan, Sapna; Choi, Eunsoo; Choi, Incheol; Contreras-Ibáñez, Carlos C.; Coogan, Andrew; Danyliuk, Ivan; Dar-Nimrod, Ilan; Dasgupta, Nilanjana; de Lemus, Soledad; Devos, Thierry; Diab, Marwan; Diekman, Amanda; Efremova, Maria; Eisner, Léïla; Eller, Anja; Erentaite, Rasa; Fedáková, Denisa; Franc, Renata; Gartzia, Leire; Gavreliuc, Alin; Gavreliuc, Dana; Gecaite-Stonciene, Julija; Germano, Adriana; Giovannelli, Ilaria; Gismondi Diaz, Renzo; Gitikhmayeva, Lyudmila; Menkir Gizaw, Abiy; Gjoneska, Biljana; Martínez González, Omar; González, Roberto; David Grijalva, Isaac; Güngör, Derya; Gustafsson Sendén, Marie; Hall, William W.; Harb, Charles; Hassan, Bushra; Hässler, Tabea; R. Hawi, Diala; Henningsen, Levke; Hoppe, Annedore; Ishii, Keiko; Jakšić, Ivana; Jasini, Alba; Jurkevičienė, Jurgita; Kelmendi, Kaltrina; Kirby, Teri A.; Kitakaji, Yoko; Kosakowska-Berezecka, Natasza; Kozytska, Inna; Kulich, Clara; Kundtová-Klocová, Eva; Kunuroglu, Filiz; Lapytskaia Aidy, Christina; Lee, Albert; Lindqvist, Anna; LÓPEZ-LÓPEZ, WILSON; Luzvinda, Liany; Maricchiolo, Fridanna; Martinot, Delphine; McNamara, Rita Anne; Meister, Alyson; Lemma Melka, Tizita; Mickuviene, Narseta; Miranda-Orrego, María Isabel; Mkamwa, Thadeus; Morandini, James; Morton, Thomas; Mrisho, David; Nikitin, Jana; Otten, Sabine; Giuseppina Pacilli, Maria; Page-Gould, Elizabeth; Perandrés, Ana; Pizarro, Jon; Pop-Jordanova, Nada; Pyrkosz-Pacyna, Joanna; Quta, Sameir; Ramis, TamilSelvan; Rani, Nitya; Redersdorff, Sandrine; Régner, Isabelle; Renström, Emma A.; Rivera-Rodriguez, Adrian; Tania Esmeralda Rocha, Sánchez; Ryabichenko, Tatiana; Saab, Rim; Sakata, Kiriko; Samekin, Adil; Sánchez-Pachecho, Tracy; Scheifele, Carolin; Schulmeyer, Marion K.; Sczesny, Sabine; Sirlopú, David; Smith-Castro, Vanessa; Soo, Kadri; Spaccatini, Federica; Steele, Jennifer R.; Steffens, Melanie C.; Sucic, Ines; Vandello, Joseph A.; Velásquez-Díaz, Laura Maria; Vink, Melissa; Vives, Eva; Warkineh, Turuwark Zalalam; Žeželj, Iris L.; Zhang, Xiaoxiao; Zhao, Xian; Martiny, Sarah E. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-01-23)
    Despite global commitments and efforts, a gender-based division of paid and unpaid work persists. To identify how psychological factors, national policies, and the broader sociocultural context contribute to this inequality, we assessed parental-leave intentions in young adults (18–30 years old) planning to have children (N = 13,942; 8,880 identified as women; 5,062 identified as men) across 37 ...
  • Samfunn og sykdom. Bokanmeldelse av "Medicinsk sociologi: sociale faktorers betydning for befolkningens helbred", redigert av Rikke Lund, Charlotte Juul Nilsson, Ulla Christensen og Lars Iversen. 

    Lian, Olaug S (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Denne reviderte artikkelsamlingen har som hovedtema sammenhengen mellom samfunn og sykdom, spesielt hvordan sosiale og samfunnsmessige forhold har betydning for folks helse, med utgangspunkt i «socialepidemiologiske metoder» (s. 14). Boken inneholder i alt 10 kapitler, samt innledning og stikkordsregister, og den er rikt illustrert med figurer og tabeller i fargetrykk. Forfatterne kommer fra ulike ...
  • Variation in suspected cancer referral pathways in primary care: comparative analysis across the International Benchmarking Cancer Partnership 

    Lynch, Charlotte; Harrison, Samantha; Emery, Jon; Clelland, Cathy; Dorman, Laurence; Collins, Claire; Johansen, May-Lill; Lawrenson, Ross; Surgey, Alun; Weller, David; Jarbøl, Dorte Ejg; Balasubramaniam, Kirubakaran; Nicholson, Brian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-21)
    Background International variations in cancer outcomes persist and may be influenced by differences in the accessibility and organisation of cancer patient pathways. More evidence is needed to understand to what extent variations in the structure of primary care referral pathways for cancer investigation contribute to differences in the timeliness of diagnoses and cancer outcomes in different ...
  • ‘Where to ski?’: an ethnography of how guides make sense while planning 

    Løland, Stig; Markus, Hällgren (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-10)
    A ski guide’s job is to take recreational skiers into avalanche terrain. In this paper, we explore how ski guides make sense of complex social and ecological contexts while planning. Our data arises out of a one-year participant ethnography of ski guiding in Norway, and shows that guides work towards becoming socio-ecologically embedded by making sense of who the clients and what the mountain ...
  • Return to Work after Surgery for Cervical Radiculopathy: A Nationwide Registry-based Observational Study 

    Hara, Sozaburo; Lønne, Vetle Vangen; Aasdahl, Lene; Salvesen, Øyvind Olav; Solberg, Tore; Gulati, Sasha; Hara, Karen Walseth (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-02-15)
    Study Design - An observational multicenter study.<p> <p>Summary of Background Data - Return to work (RTW) is increasingly used to assess the standard, benefit, and quality of health care.<p> <p>Objective - The aim of this study was to evaluate sick leave patterns among patients undergoing surgery for cervical radiculopathy and identify predictors of successful RTW using two nationwide ...
  • Recombinant T-cell receptors from HPA-1a specific T-cells 

    Sætre, Thomas (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-02-01)
    Fetal- and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia is a condition that can cause hemorrhage and potential brain damage or death in neonates. It is most often a result of maternal alloantibodies specific for fetal Human Platelet antigen 1a (HPA-1a) that destroy fetal platelets. The recognition of the HPA-1a peptide-MHC complex by T-cells involve a peculiar form of T-cell receptor peptide-MHC ...
  • Reflections on the nature of measurement in language-based automated assessments of patients' mental state and cognitive function 

    Foltz, Peter W.; Chandler, Chelsea; Diaz-Asper, Catherine; Cohen, Alex S.; Rodriguez, Zachary; Holmlund, Terje Bektesevic; Elvevåg, Brita (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-22)
    Modern advances in computational language processing methods have enabled new approaches to the measurement of mental processes. However, the field has primarily focused on model accuracy in predicting performance on a task or a diagnostic category. Instead the field should be more focused on determining which computational analyses align best with the targeted neurocognitive/psychological functions ...
  • 'Responsibilities of Risk: Living with Mental Illness During COVID-19 

    Brandt Ryborg Jønsson, Alexandra; Christensen, Iben Emilie; Reventlow, Susanne; Risør, Mette Bech (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-10)
    Following the COVID-19 pandemic, Denmark introduced repeated lockdowns of society, including outreach services and visits from social workers for people living with mental illnesses. Based on ethnographic fieldwork, in this article we explore how people with mental illness react to and manage their lives amid COVID-19 mitigations, focusing on how they experience and negotiate vulnerability at ...
  • Individual and country-level variables associated with the medicalization of birth: Multilevel analyses of IMAgiNE EURO data from 15 countries in the WHO European region 

    Miani, Céline; Wandschneider, Lisa; Batram-Zantvoort, Stephanie; Covi, Benedetta; Elden, Helen; Nedberg, Ingvild Hersoug; Drglin, Zalka; Pumpure, Elizabete; Costa, Raquel; Rozée, Virginie; Otelea, Marina Ruxandra; Drandić, Daniela; Radetic, Jelena; Abderhalden-Zellweger, Alessia; Ćerimagić, Amira; Arendt, Maryse; Mariani, Ilaria; Linden, Karolina; Ponikvar, Barbara Mihevc; Jakovicka, Dārta; Dias, Heloisa; Ruzicic, Jovana; de Labrusse, Claire; Valente, Emanuelle Pessa; Zaigham, Mehreen; Bohinec, Anja; Rezeberga, Dace; Barata, Catarina; Pfund, Anouk; Sacks, Emma; Lazzerini, Marzia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-18)
    Objective: To investigate potential associations between individual and country-level factors and medicalization of birth in 15 European countries during the COVID-19 pandemic.<p> <p>Methods: Online anonymous survey of women who gave birth in 2020–2021. Multivariable multilevel logistic regression models estimating associations between indicators of medicalization (cesarean, instrumental vaginal ...
  • Rates of instrumental vaginal birth and cesarean and quality of maternal and newborn health care in private versus public facilities: Results of the IMAgiNE EURO study in 16 countries 

    Lazzerini, Marzia; Valente, Emanuelle Pessa; Covi, Benedetta; Rozée, Virginie; Costa, Raquel; Otelea, Marina Ruxandra; Abderhalden-Zellweger, Alessia; Węgrzynowska, Maria; Linden, Karolina; Arendt, Maryse; Brigidi, Serena; Miani, Céline; Pumpure, Elizabete; Radetic, Jelena; Drandic, Daniela; Cerimagic, Amira; Nedberg, Ingvild Hersoug; Liepinaitienė, Alina; Rodrigues, Carina; de Labrusse, Claire; Baranowska, Barbara; Zaigham, Mehreen; Castañeda, Lara Martín; Batram-Zantvoort, Stephanie; Jakovicka, Dārta; Ruzicic, Jovana; Juciūtė, Simona; Santos, Teresa; Gemperle, Michael; Tataj-Puzyna, Urszula; Elden, Helen; Mizgaitienė, Marija; Lincetto, Ornella; Sacks, Emma; Mariani, Ilaria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-10)
    Objective: To explore the quality of maternal and newborn care (QMNC) during the COVID-19 pandemic by facility type among 16 European countries, comparing rates of instrumental vaginal birth and cesarean.<p> <p>Methods: Women who gave birth in the WHO European Region from March 1, 2020, to February 7, 2022, answered a validated online questionnaire. Rates of instrumental birth, instrumental ...
  • SSRI-use, depression, and socioeconomic status among Norwegian adult women – A cross-sectional study with data from the NOWAC-study 

    Waag, Natalie (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-12-28)
    <p><i>Introduction -</i> Depressive disorders affect a significant part of the population, and its effects can be debilitating. Such disorders have a higher prevalence among women and previous studies have shown that there is a consistent association between SES and depression, and between SES and SSRI-use. The primary aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between SES ...
  • Parental cognitive vulnerability during the perinatal period and its effect on mental health and the parent-infant relationship. Results from the NorBaby-study 

    Bohne, Agnes (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2023-02-10)
    Perinatal periode er en krevende overgang i livet, som medfører økt risiko for psykiske helseutfordringer. Nedsatt psykisk helse hos foreldrene utgjør risiko for foreldre-barn relasjonen og for barnets utvikling. Gjennom samspillet med sine omsorgsgivere utvikler barnet emosjonsregulering og sosiale ferdigheter. Foreldre som blir fanget i repeterende negative tanker kan ha lite kapasitet til å plukke ...

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