Recent additions

  • Impact of liver fibrosis and clinical characteristics on dose-adjusted serum methadone concentrations 

    Chalabianloo, Fatemeh; Høiseth, Gudrun; Vold, Jørn Henrik; Johansson, Kjell Arne; Kringen, Marianne K.; Dalgard, Olav; Ohldieck, Christian; Druckrey-Fiskaaen, Karl Trygve; Aas, Christer Frode; Løberg, Else-Marie; Bramness, Jørgen Gustav; Fadnes, Lars T. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-31)
    Background: There is limited knowledge on the causes of large variations in serum methadone concentrations and dose requirements. Objectives: We investigated the impact of the degree of liver fibrosis on dose-adjusted steady-state serum methadone concentrations.<p> <p<Methods: We assessed the clinical and laboratory data of 155 Norwegian patients with opioid use disorder undergoing methadone ...
  • Health at age 17 in Norwegian adolescents: Mental and physical status in the national cohort born in 2001 

    Borud, Einar Kristian; Fadum, Elin Anita; Carlsen, Ellen Øen; Håberg, Siri Eldevik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-07)
    Aims: We present self-reported data on physical and mental health at age 17 years from 82% of Norwegians born in 2001. Methods: In Norway, the Armed Forces require that each resident who reaches the age of 17 years completes a self-administered declaration of health that is used for military selection. The declaration collects information on height and weight, various clinically diagnosed diseases, ...
  • Educational and psychosocial support for conflict-affected youths: The effectiveness of a school-based intervention targeting academic underachievement 

    Forsberg, June Thorvaldsen; Schultz, Jon Håkon (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-22)
    This study investigated the effect of a school-based and teacher-led psychosocial intervention that targeted academic underachievement among conflict-affected youths. We hypothesized that participants in the intervention would experience improved school functioning and reduced levels of stress-related symptoms after the intervention, in comparison to a control group. The study was carried out ...
  • Diagnostikk av øyeinfeksjoner. Strategimøte nr. 32, 2018 

    Brekke, Hanne; Romstad, Monica Regine; Stubhaug, Tore Taksdal; Åsheim, Sandra Elena; Mengshoel, Anne Torunn (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2018-04)
    Det 32. Strategimøte i regi av Referansegruppen for eksterne kvalitetsvurderinger i bakteriologi, mykologi og parasittologi omhandlet øyeinfeksjoner og ble avholdt 31.10.2018 på Gjestehuset Lovisenberg i Oslo. På møtet deltok 40 personer fra 20 av landets medisinskmikrobiologiske laboratorier.<p> <p>Ansvarlig programkomité, som også har ferdigstilt denne avsluttende rapporten, var Hanne Brekke, ...
  • Erfaringar etter handteringa av smitte og utbrot av covid-19 i Noreg hausten 2021 og vinteren 2022 i utvalde kommunar 

    Andreassen, Trude; Coward, Sigrid Kristiane; Falk, Monica; Forland, Frode; Heradstveit, Petter Leinaas; Hveding, Øystein; Lavoll, Silje Bruland; Macdonald, Emily Ann; Nguyen, Truc Trung; Nygård, Karin Maria; Selstø, Annlaug; Utheim, Mari Nythun; Vestrheim, Didrik Frimann (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022-07)
    Kommunane har hatt ei avgjerande rolle i handteringa av smitte og utbrot gjennom pandemien. Kommunane har gjort dette i samarbeid med nabokommunar, statsforvaltarar og nasjonale helsestyresmakter. Dette gjeld også for kommunane som deltok i denne gjennomgangen.<p> <p>Denne rapporten har ved hjelp av intervju med eit utval kommunar hausta erfaringar om korleis ulike kommunar har oppdaga og ...
  • Behandling av muskelknuter i livmor: hurtigoversikt for samvalgsverktøy (oppdatering) 

    Holtet Evensen, Line (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022)
    Muskelknuter i livmoren består av en type muskelceller og bindevev som vokser på veggen i livmoren. Rundt åtte av ti kvinner har muskelknuter, og omtrent en tredjedel av disse får plagsomme symptomer.<p> <p>Vi fant én randomisert kontrollert studie og en metodevurdering om effekt av kombinasjonsbehandling med gonadotropinfrigjørende hormon-reseptorantagonist og to Cochrane-oversikter om ...
  • Nasjonalt utbrudd av Pseudomonas aeruginosa i sykehus forårsaket av ferdigfuktede ikke-sterile vaskekluter, Norge, 2021-2022 

    Gravningen, Kirsten Midttun; Ødeskaug, Liz Ertzeid; Utheim, Mari Nythun; Korpås, Julie Andrine; Jørgensen, Silje Bakken; Elstrøm, Petter; Lyrån, Birgitte; Jemtland, Rune; Kols, Nicola Isabelle; Kvaal, Siv Anita; Asfeldt, anne mette; Littauer, Pia; Kilhus, Kristin; Skutlaberg, Dag Harald; Pedersen, Torunn Annie; Hermansen, Nils Olav; Kacelnik, Oliver; Iversen, Bjørn Gunnar (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022-06)
    I november 2021 ble Folkehelseinstituttet varslet om at tre intensivpasienter hadde dødd av blodbaneinfeksjon med bakterien Pseudomonas aeruginosa ved Universitetssykehuset Nord-Norge i Tromsø i løpet av kort tid. De hadde identiske isolater forenlig med et klonalt utbrudd. Helgenomsekvensering viste at det var en ny sekvenstype, ST3875, som ikke har vært påvist i Norge eller andre land. Nye ...
  • Several routes of cell death to secondary necrosis in the elasmobranch testis 

    McClusky, Leon Mendel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-07)
    The process of spermatogenesis features signifcant germ cell loss through apoptosis. Routine histology of the testes of wellstudied animal models hardly discloses any trace of their phagocytic clearance by the supporting Sertoli cells. This review highlights lessons learnt from the cystic, diametric testes of some seasonally migrating elasmobranchs (e.g., spiny dogfsh and blue sharks) that ofer ...
  • Personalizing Virtual Reality for the Research and Treatment of Fear-Related Disorders: A Mini Review 

    Bergsnev, Kamilla; Sanchez Laws, Ana Luisa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-29)
    This mini review presents the current state of the art in studies on the personalization of virtual reality for basic research and treatment of fear-related disorders. Of particular interest to the review are the choice of self-report measures and manipulations of contextual factors that researchers are using in their virtual reality procedures. As this mini review will show, work is starting ...
  • The Significance of Touch in Pediatric Physiotherapy 

    Sørvoll, Marit; Øberg, Gunn Kristin; Girolami, Gay L (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-31)
    Change in theoretical framework over the last decades and recent research in pediatric physiotherapy, has created a debate surrounding therapeutic touch. What is the role of or is there a need for handling and hands-on facilitated guidance (facilitation)? Does it limit and/or interfere with children’s learning and development? It is frequently argued that therapeutic touch represents a passive ...
  • Combined hormonal contraceptives and vitamin D metabolism in adolescent girls 

    Öberg, Eva Gunnel Johanna; Jorde, Rolf; Figenschau, Professor Yngve; Thorsby, Per Medbøe; Dahl, Sandra Rinne; Winther, Anne; Grimnes, Guri (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-31)
    Objective: Combined hormonal contraceptive (CHC) use has been associated with higher total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels. Here, we investigate the relation between CHC use and vitamin D metabolism to elucidate its clinical interpretation. <p>Methods: The cross-sectional Fit Futures 1 included 1038 adolescents. Here, a subgroup of 182 girls with available 25(OH)D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D ...
  • Novel chemical-physical autopsy investigation in sudden infant death and sudden intrauterine unexplained death syndromes 

    Gatti, Antonietta M; Ristic, Marko; Stanzani, Stefano; Lavezzi, Anna M (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-08)
    Aim: Verify the presence of inorganic nanoparticle entities in brain tissue samples from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)/sudden intrauterine unexplained death syndrome (SIUDS) cases. The presence of inorganic debris could be a cofactor that compromises proper brain tissue functionality. Materials & methods: A novel autopsy approach that consists of neuropathological analysis procedures ...
  • Evaluering av handlingsplan for allmennlegetjenesten 2020–2024: Evalueringsrapport I 

    Pedersen, Kine; Godager, Geir; Rognlien, Hans David; Tyrihjell, Johannes Bjørnstad; Værnø, Susanne Gerda; Iversen, Tor; Holte, Jon Helgheim; Abelsen, Birgit; Pahle, Andreas; Augestad, Liv Ariane; Sæther, Erik Magnus (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2022-04-29)
    Dette er første evalueringsrapport for følgeevalueringen av Handlingsplan for allmennlegetjenesten 2020-2024. De samlede funnene i evalueringen, basert på analyser av registerdata, spørreskjemaundersøkelser og intervjuundersøkelser, tyder på at det fortsatt er betydelige rekrutteringsutfordringer og behov for å utvikle fastlegeordningen. Tiltakene i handlingsplanen synes å være relevante, og ...
  • Treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ: a register-based study of Norwegian women diagnosed between 1995 and 2018 

    Skjerven, Helle; Danielsen, Anders Skyrud; Schlichting, Ellen; Sahlberg, Kristine Kleivi; Hofvind, Solveig Sand-Hanssen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-21)
    Introduction: The incidence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) has increased after implementation of mammographic screening. The lesion represents management challenges due to its undetermined growth pattern. We aimed to explore treatment of women aged 48-71 diagnosed with DCIS between 1995 and 2018, by detection mode and histopathological characteristics. Material and methods: Data on surgical ...
  • Pharmacist's time spent: Space for Pharmacy-based Interventions and Consultation TimE (SPICE)-an observational time and motion study 

    Karia, Ajay; Norman, Richard; Robinson, Suzanne; Lehnbom, Elin; Laba, Tracey-Lea; Durakovic, Iva; Balane, Christine; Joshi, Rohina; Webster, Ruth (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-02)
    Objective To describe the pharmacists’ workflow, including tasks and time spent, to better understand their work capacity.<p> <p>Design Cross-sectional, observational, time and motion study. <p>Setting Community pharmacies in Western Australia and New South Wales, Australia. <p>Participants Currently registered and practising pharmacists were approached using snowball sampling and selected ...
  • Adherence to screening guidelines for gestational diabetes in pregnancy 

    Grönvall, Lina (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-08-08)
    Background/Objective: There are major controversies in screening and diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes. In 2017, new national guidelines were implemented in Norway. The aim of this study is to evaluate change in size of risk population for GDM, adherence to screening guidelines and follow up before and after implementation of the new guidelines. Method: This study is a retrospective ...
  • Blood Transcriptome Analysis of Septic Patients Reveals a Long Non-Coding Alu-RNA in the Complement C5a Receptor 1 Gene 

    Emblem, Åse; Knutsen, Erik; Jørgensen, Tor Erik; Fure, Hilde; Johansen, Steinar Daae; Brekke, Ole Lars; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Karlsen, Bård Ove (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-29)
    Many severe inflammation conditions are complement-dependent with the complement component C5a-C5aR1 axis as an important driver. At the RNA level, the blood transcriptome undergoes programmed expression of coding and long non-coding RNAs to combat invading microorganisms. Understanding the expression of long non-coding RNAs containing Alu elements in inflammation is important for reconstructing ...
  • Increased autonomy with capacity-based mental health legislation in Norway: a qualitative study of patient experiences of having come off a community treatment order 

    Wergeland, Nina Camilla; Fause, Åshild; Weber, Astrid; Riley, Henriette (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-07)
    Background: Capacity-based mental health legislation was introduced in Norway on 1 September 2017. The aim was to increase the autonomy of patients with severe mental illness and to bring mental health care in line with human rights. The aim of this study is to explore patient experiences of how far the new legislation has enabled them to be involved in decisions on their treatment after they ...
  • Identity construction in medical student stories about experiences of disgust in early nursing home placements: A dialogical narrative analysis 

    Warmington, Sally; Johansen, May-Lill; Wilson, Hamish (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-17)
    Objectives To explore medical students’ reflective essays about encounters with residents during preclinical nursing home placements.<p> <p>Design Dialogical narrative analysis aiming at how students characterise residents and construct identities in relation to them. <p>Setting Medical students’ professional identity construction through storytelling has been demonstrated in contexts including ...
  • Modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors in hip fracture mortality in Norway, 2014 to 2018 - a linked multiregistry study 

    Kjærvik, Cato; Gjertsen, Jan-Erik; Stensland, Eva; Saltete-Benth, Jurate; Søreide, Odd (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-01)
    Aims<p> <p>This study aimed to identify risk factors (patient, healthcare system, and socioeconomic) for mortality after hip fractures and estimate their relative importance. Further, we aimed to elucidate mortality and survival patterns following fractures and the duration of excess mortality. <p>Methods<p> Data on 37,394 hip fractures in the Norwegian Hip Fracture Register from January 2014 to ...

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