Recent additions

  • Implementation of international society guidelines on chorionicity determination in twins: A multi-Center cohort study in mainland China 

    Wu, Su-Wen; Zhou, Qiongjie; Xiao, Xirong; Xiong, Yu; Liang, Huan; Shen, Jie; Barrett, Jon; Wang, Hong; Li, Xiao-Tian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-02)
    Objective: Ultrasound determination of chorionicity is poor in early pregnancy in China. In an effort to increase the accuracy rate of prompt chorionicity determination, clinical training was provided to primary care physicians. This study assesses the effects of implementing clinical guidelines on chorionicity determination.<p> <p>Methods: A multi‑centered cohort study was conducted between ...
  • Plasma Lipopolysaccharide Is Closely Associated With Glycemic Control and Abdominal Obesity: Evidence from bariatric surgery 

    Trøseid, Marius; Nestvold, Torunn Kristin; Rudi, Knut; Thoresen, Hanna; Nielsen, Erik Waage; Lappegård, Knut Tore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-10-15)
    OBJECTIVE It is of vital importance to elucidate the triggering factors of obesity and type 2 diabetes to improve patient care. Bariatric surgery has been shown to prevent and even cure diabetes, but the mechanism is unknown. Elevated levels of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) predict incident diabetes, but the sources of LPS are not clarified. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the ...
  • Cross-sectional associations of objectively measured physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness and anthropometry in european adults 

    Wientzek, A; Tormo Diaz, MJ; Castano, JMH; Amiano, P; Arriola, L; Overvad, K; Østergaard, JN; Charles, MA; Fagherazzi, G; Palli, D; Bendinelli, B; Skeie, Guri; Borch, Kristin Benjaminsen; Wendel-Vos, W; De Hollander, E; May, AM; Den Ouden, ME; Trichopoulou, A; Valanou, E; Soderberg, S; Franks, PW; Brage, S; Vigl, M; Boeing, H; Ekelund, Ulf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-06-26)
    Objective: To quantify the independent associations between objectively measured physical activity (PA), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and anthropometry in European men and women.<p> <p>Methods: 2,056 volunteers from 12 centers across Europe were fitted with a heart rate and movement sensor at 2 visits 4 months apart for a total of 8 days. CRF (ml/kg/min) was estimated from an 8 minute ramped ...
  • The meaning of ethically charged encounters and their possible influence on professional identity in Norwegian public health nursing: A phenomenological hermeneutic study 

    Dahl, Berit Misund; Clancy, Anne; Andrews, Therese Marie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-10-14)
    Background: In today’s health care, new health reforms focus on market values and demands of efficiency influence health workers’ professional practice. Norwegian public health nurses work mainly with healthy populations, but the children, families and young people they meet can be in vulnerable and even dependent situations. Strategies in coping with ethically challenging encounters can be ...
  • Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cancer in the Swedish women's lifestyle and health cohort 

    Löf, Marie; Sandin, Sven; Lagiou, Pagona; Trichopoulos, Dimitri; Adami, Hans-Olov; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010-12-02)
    Objective To investigate whether intake of fruits and vegetables is associated with overall cancer incidence in a large prospective cohort of women in Sweden characterised by young age at enrolment (30–49 years) and relatively low intake of fruits and vegetables.<p> <p>Methods We followed prospectively 49,261 women, who completed a food frequency questionnaire in 1991–1992. A total of 2,347 ...
  • Can a happy relationship predict a happy life? A population-based study of maternal well-being during the life transition of pregnancy, infancy, and toddlerhood 

    Dyrdal, Gunvor Marie; Røysamb, Espen; Nes, Ragnhild Bang; Vittersø, Joar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010-12-12)
    The association between overall life satisfaction (LS) and relationship satisfaction (RS) was investigated longitudinally among mothers (N=67,355), using data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa), conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Data were collected twice during pregnancy, and at 6 and 36 months postpartum. Satisfaction increased during pregnancy, with RS ...
  • Genome-wide signatures of differential DNA methylation in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia 

    Nordlund, Jessica; Bäcklin, Christopher L.; Wahlberg, Per; Busche, Stephan; Berglund, Eva C.; Eloranta, Maija-Leena; Flægstad, Trond; Forestier, Erik; Frost, Britt-Marie; Harila-Saari, Arja; Heyman, Mats; Jonsson, Olafur G.; Larsson, Rolf; Palle, Josefine; Rönnblom, Lars; Schmiegelow, Kjeld; Sinnett, Daniel; Söderhäll, Stefan; Pastinen, Tomi; Gustafsson, Mats G.; Lönnerholm, Gudmar; Syvänen, Ann-Christine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-09-24)
    Background: Although aberrant DNA methylation has been observed previously in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the patterns of differential methylation have not been comprehensively determined in all subtypes of ALL on a genome-wide scale. The relationship between DNA methylation, cytogenetic background, drug resistance and relapse in ALL is poorly understood.<p> <p>Results: We surveyed the ...
  • Increased risk of atrial fibrillation among elderly Norwegian men with a history of long-term endurance sport practice 

    Myrstad, Marius; Løchen, Maja-Lisa; Graff-Iversen, Sidsel; Gulsvik, Anne Kristine; Thelle, Dag Steinar; Stigum, Hein; Ranhoff, Anette Hylen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-11-21)
    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. The prevalence increases with increasing age. In middle-aged men, endurance sport practice is associated with increased risk of AF but there are few studies among elderly people. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of long-term endurance sport practice as a risk factor for AF in elderly men. A crosssectional study ...
  • Do pre-hospital anaesthesiologists reliably predict mortality using the NACA severity score? A retrospective cohort study 

    Raatiniemi, Lasse; Mikkelsen, Kim; Fredriksen, Knut; Wisborg, Torben (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-10-17)
    Introduction: The National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics’ (NACA) severity score is widely used in pre-hospital emergency medicine to grade the severity of illness or trauma in patient groups but is scarcely validated. The aim of this study was to assess the score’s ability to predict mortality and need for advanced in-hospital interventions in a cohort from one anaesthesiologistmanned helicopter ...
  • Immediate function on the day of surgery compared with a delayed implant loading process in the mandible: A randomized clinical trial over 5 years 

    Jokstad, Asbjørn; Alkumru, Hassan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-10-23)
    Objectives: To appraise the feasibility of loading four implants with a pre-existing denture converted to a fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) on the day of implant surgery compared with waiting for 3- to 4-month healing.<p> <p>Methods: Patients with an edentulous, fully healed mandible were recruited in a faculty clinic to partake in a blinded two-arm parallel randomized controlled trial (RCT). The ...
  • Vietnansuotna, en samisk traditionell behandlingsmetod. Traditionell medicin i en renskötande kontext. 

    Kemi Nutti, Sara Margareta (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-09)
    Tema: Temat för detta mastersarbete är samisk traditionell kunskap, knytet till hälsa och sjukdomsförståelse, med fokus på traditionella behandlingsmetoder inom en renskötande kontext. Bakgrund: Bakgrund för valt tema jag har valt att skriva om, är för det första att det ser ut som att det är lite forskning på traditionella samiska behandlingsmetoder. Det specifika temat jag har valt att skriva ...
  • Brystkirurgers erfaringer med samvalg til kvinner med brystkreft i tidlig stadium 

    Lauritzen, Mirjam (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-05)
    Bakgrunn: Tema for denne mastergradsoppgaven er samvalg relatert til kirurgisk behandling av kvinner med brystkreft i tidlig stadium. Hensikten med studien har vært å frembringe kunnskap om brystkreftkirurgers erfaringer med å involvere pasienter i behandlingsvalget. Studien er gjennomført med utgangspunkt i følgende problemstilling: Hvilke erfaringer har kirurger med å involvere kvinner med brystkreft ...
  • Organisering av hjemmetjenesten for håndtering av komplekse forløp i forbindelse med palliativ omsorg 

    Vassbotn, Anniken Mikelborg (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-04)
    Bakgrunn: Denne oppgaven handler om palliativ omsorg ved livets slutt i hjemmet, og undersøker avdelingsledere i hjemmetjenesten sine erfaringer med å utøve ledelse i forbindelse med komplekse forløp. Politiske dokumenter legger føringer for muligheten til å tilbringe livets slutt hjemme. Avdelingslederne i hjemmetjenesten utøver ledelse i en organisasjon inspirert av New Public Management, ofte med ...
  • Elektroniske meldinger i spesialist- og kommunehelsetjenesten: Aktører og nettverk i samspill 

    Skotnes, Silje (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-04)
    Sammendrag Samhandlingsreformen er å anse som oppstarten for elektronisk kommunikasjon i helse- og omsorgssektoren. Denne dialogformen skulle bidra til raskere og sikrere informasjonsutveksling og sømløse pasientforløp. Forskning viser likevel utfordringsområder som bidrar til samhandlingsvansker de ulike tjenestenivåene imellom. Oppgavens problemstilling: «Hvordan skaper elektroniske meldinger ...
  • En undersøkelse av selvmordsrisikoens synlighet. Magefølelser under selvmordsrisikovurderinger. Hvor kan de komme fra og har de noen verdi? 

    Knudsen, Miriann Jessica (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-03)
    Temaet for denne masteroppgaven er magefølelser som behandlere i psykisk helsevern for voksne (PHV-v) kan erfare når de gjør selvmordsrisikovurderinger. Dagens verktøy for selvmorsrisikovurdering har lav predikasjonsverdi (3%). Internasjonale fagmiljø etterlyser derfor nye tilnærminger til hvordan forskning kan generere kunnskap for å forebygge selvmord. Forskningsspørsmålet er: På hvilke måter kan ...
  • Lett utviklingshemming og psykisk sykdom i møte med helsetjenesten: en kvalitativ studie som undersøker grenseflaten mellom kombinasjonen lett utviklingshemming og psykisk sykdom, og helsetilbudet. 

    Røstad, Charlotte Nathalie (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-04)
    Det stilles stadig større krav om at pasienten deltar i valg omhandlende egen behandling. Den nasjonale `hva er viktig for deg-dagen` ber om at helsepersonell spør hva som er viktig for deg, framfor hva feiler det deg. Det stilles og krav til brukere om å være delaktig i behandling. På en annen side av helsetjenesten viser en rapport av helsetilsynet i 2016 at personer med utviklingshemming ...
  • Serglycin Is a Major Proteoglycan in Polarized Human Endothelial Cells and Is Implicated in the Secretion of the Chemokine GRO alpha/CXCL1 

    Meen, Astri Jeanette; Øynebråten, Inger; Reine, Trine M.; Duelli, Annette; Svennevig, Katja Christiane; Pejler, Gunnar; Jenssen, Trond Geir; Kolset, Svein Olav (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011-01-28)
    Proteoglycan (PG) expression was studied in primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). RT-PCR analyses showed that the expression of the PG serglycin core protein was much higher than that of the extracellular matrix PG decorin and the cell surface PG syndecan-1. PG biosynthesis was further studied by biosynthetic [<sup>35</sup>S]sulfate labeling of polarized HUVEC. Interestingly, ...
  • Validity of a short questionnaire to assess physical activity in 10 European countries 

    Peters, Tricia; Brage, Søren; Westgate, Kate; Franks, Paul W.; Gradmark, Anna; Diaz, Maria Jose Tormo; Huerta, Jose Maria; Bendinelli, Benedetta; Vigl, Matthaeus; Boeing, Heiner; Wendel-Vos, Wanda; Spijkerman, Annemieke; Borch, Kristin Benjaminsen; Valanou, Elisavet; Guillain, Bladine de Lauzon; Clavel-Chapelon, Françoise; Sharp, Stephen; Kerrison, Nicola; Langenberg, Claudia; Arriola, Larraitz; Barricarte, Aurelio; Gonzales, Carlos; Grioni, Sara; Kaaks, Rudolf; Key, Timothy; Khaw, Kay Tee; May, Anne; Nilsson, Peter; Norat, Teresa; Overvad, Kim; Palli, Domenico; Panico, Salvatore; Quirós, José Ramón; Ricceri, Fulvio; Sanchez, Maria-Jose; Slimani, Nadia; Tjonneland, Anne; Tumino, Rosario; Feskens, Edith; Riboli, Elio; Ekelund, Ulf; Wareham, Nick (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011-11-17)
  • Courteous but not curious: how doctors' politeness masks their existential neglect. A qualitative study of video-recorded patient consultations 

    Agledahl, Kari Milch; Gulbrandsen, Pål; Førde, Reidun; Wifstad, Åge (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011-05-24)
    Objective To study how doctors care for their patients, both medically and as fellow humans, through observing their conduct in patient–doctor encounters.<p> <p>Design Qualitative study in which 101 videotaped consultations were observed and analysed using a Grounded Theory approach, generating explanatory categories through a hermeneutical analysis of the taped consultations. <p>Setting A ...
  • Predictors of exacerbations of asthma and COPD during one year in primary care 

    Al-ani, Salwan Tariq; Spigt, Marcus; Hofset, Per; Melbye, Hasse (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-10-10)
    Aims. To investigate the incidence of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations in primary care during one year and to identify risk factors for such events.<p> <p>Methods. The study was carried out at seven general practice offices in Norway. Patients aged 40 years or more registered with a diagnosis of asthma and/or COPD the previous 5 years were included. After a ...

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