Recent additions

  • Bronkiolitt skal ikke behandles med glukokortikoider eller antibiotika 

    Nordal, Ellen Berit; Granslo, Hildegunn Norbakken; Esaiassen, Eirin; Leknessund, Carina Benedikte Bjørkvoll; Forsdahl, Bård Anders (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-30)
    Vi er inne i en hektisk sesong med virale luftveisinfeksjoner. Respiratorisk syncytialvirus (RS-virus) er den hyppigste årsaken til bronkiolitt hos barn. Pediatriveilederen er tydelig på at perorale glukokortikoider ikke har noen plass i behandlingen av bronkiolitt og at det sjelden er behov for antibiotika.
  • Predicting Commercial Pilot Training Performance: A Validation Study 

    Martinussen, Monica; Lang-Ree, Ole Christian; Mjøen, Håvard; Svendsen, Bengt; Barone, Adrian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-19)
    The main purpose of this study was to examine the predictive validity of the system used for ab initio selection of candidates to a bachelor program in aviation. The selection includes paper-and-pencil tests, computer-based tests, and an interview. A total of 188 candidates participated in the validation study. The total test score predicted the results of three exams in aviation theory (r = .27–.38) ...
  • Cardiovascular disease: risk assessment, total risk, and primary prevention in the general population. Insights from the Tromsø Study 

    Hagen, Amalie Nilsen (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2023-02-20)
    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity, calling for an active preventive approach. Elevated blood pressure and cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, unhealthy diet, inactivity, and obesity are key risk factors for CVD development. Several risk factors combined may put an individual at a high total CVD risk. To measure total CVD risk, we used the NORRISK 2 score that ...
  • Novel approach to artefact detection and the definition of normal ranges of segmental strain and strain-rate values 

    Kornev, Mikhail; Caglayan, Hatice Aklay; Kudryavtsev, Alexander V; Malyutina, Sofia; Ryabikov, Andrew; Stylidis, Michael; Schirmer, Henrik; Rosner, Assami (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-13)
    Aims - Strain artefacts are known to hamper the correct interpretation of segmental strain and strain-rate (S/SR). Defining the normal ranges of myocardial segmental deformation is important in clinical studies and routine echocardiographic practice. In order to define artefact-free normal ranges for segmental longitudinal S/SR parameters, we investigated the extent to which different types of ...
  • Gender Gap in Parental Leave Intentions: Evidence from 37 Countries 

    Olsson, Maria Ingrid Teresa; van Grootel, Sanne; Block, Katharina; Schuster, Carolin; Meeussen, Loes; Van Laar, Colette; Schmader, Toni; Croft, Alyssa; Sun, Molly Shuyi; ainsaar, Mare; Aarntzen, Lianne; Adamus, Magdalena; Anderson, Joel; Atkinson, Ciara; Avicenna, Mohamad; Bąbel, Przemysław; Barth, Markus; Benson-Greenwald, Tessa; Maloku, Edona; Berent, Jacques; Bergsieker, Hilary; Biernat, Monica; Birneanu, Andreea, Georgiana; Bodinaku, Blerta; Bosak, Janine; Bosson, Jennifer K.; Branković, Marija; Burkauskas, Julius; Čavojová, Vladimíra; Cheryan, Sapna; Choi, Eunsoo; Choi, Incheol; Contreras-Ibáñez, Carlos C.; Coogan, Andrew; Danyliuk, Ivan; Dar-Nimrod, Ilan; Dasgupta, Nilanjana; de Lemus, Soledad; Devos, Thierry; Diab, Marwan; Diekman, Amanda; Efremova, Maria; Eisner, Léïla; Eller, Anja; Erentaite, Rasa; Fedáková, Denisa; Franc, Renata; Gartzia, Leire; Gavreliuc, Alin; Gavreliuc, Dana; Gecaite-Stonciene, Julija; Germano, Adriana; Giovannelli, Ilaria; Gismondi Diaz, Renzo; Gitikhmayeva, Lyudmila; Menkir Gizaw, Abiy; Gjoneska, Biljana; Martínez González, Omar; González, Roberto; David Grijalva, Isaac; Güngör, Derya; Gustafsson Sendén, Marie; Hall, William W.; Harb, Charles; Hassan, Bushra; Hässler, Tabea; R. Hawi, Diala; Henningsen, Levke; Hoppe, Annedore; Ishii, Keiko; Jakšić, Ivana; Jasini, Alba; Jurkevičienė, Jurgita; Kelmendi, Kaltrina; Kirby, Teri A.; Kitakaji, Yoko; Kosakowska-Berezecka, Natasza; Kozytska, Inna; Kulich, Clara; Kundtová-Klocová, Eva; Kunuroglu, Filiz; Lapytskaia Aidy, Christina; Lee, Albert; Lindqvist, Anna; LÓPEZ-LÓPEZ, WILSON; Luzvinda, Liany; Maricchiolo, Fridanna; Martinot, Delphine; McNamara, Rita Anne; Meister, Alyson; Lemma Melka, Tizita; Mickuviene, Narseta; Miranda-Orrego, María Isabel; Mkamwa, Thadeus; Morandini, James; Morton, Thomas; Mrisho, David; Nikitin, Jana; Otten, Sabine; Giuseppina Pacilli, Maria; Page-Gould, Elizabeth; Perandrés, Ana; Pizarro, Jon; Pop-Jordanova, Nada; Pyrkosz-Pacyna, Joanna; Quta, Sameir; Ramis, TamilSelvan; Rani, Nitya; Redersdorff, Sandrine; Régner, Isabelle; Renström, Emma A.; Rivera-Rodriguez, Adrian; Tania Esmeralda Rocha, Sánchez; Ryabichenko, Tatiana; Saab, Rim; Sakata, Kiriko; Samekin, Adil; Sánchez-Pachecho, Tracy; Scheifele, Carolin; Schulmeyer, Marion K.; Sczesny, Sabine; Sirlopú, David; Smith-Castro, Vanessa; Soo, Kadri; Spaccatini, Federica; Steele, Jennifer R.; Steffens, Melanie C.; Sucic, Ines; Vandello, Joseph A.; Velásquez-Díaz, Laura Maria; Vink, Melissa; Vives, Eva; Warkineh, Turuwark Zalalam; Žeželj, Iris L.; Zhang, Xiaoxiao; Zhao, Xian; Martiny, Sarah E. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-01-23)
    Despite global commitments and efforts, a gender-based division of paid and unpaid work persists. To identify how psychological factors, national policies, and the broader sociocultural context contribute to this inequality, we assessed parental-leave intentions in young adults (18–30 years old) planning to have children (N = 13,942; 8,880 identified as women; 5,062 identified as men) across 37 ...
  • Samfunn og sykdom. Bokanmeldelse av "Medicinsk sociologi: sociale faktorers betydning for befolkningens helbred", redigert av Rikke Lund, Charlotte Juul Nilsson, Ulla Christensen og Lars Iversen. 

    Lian, Olaug S (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Denne reviderte artikkelsamlingen har som hovedtema sammenhengen mellom samfunn og sykdom, spesielt hvordan sosiale og samfunnsmessige forhold har betydning for folks helse, med utgangspunkt i «socialepidemiologiske metoder» (s. 14). Boken inneholder i alt 10 kapitler, samt innledning og stikkordsregister, og den er rikt illustrert med figurer og tabeller i fargetrykk. Forfatterne kommer fra ulike ...
  • Variation in suspected cancer referral pathways in primary care: comparative analysis across the International Benchmarking Cancer Partnership 

    Lynch, Charlotte; Harrison, Samantha; Emery, Jon; Clelland, Cathy; Dorman, Laurence; Collins, Claire; Johansen, May-Lill; Lawrenson, Ross; Surgey, Alun; Weller, David; Jarbøl, Dorte Ejg; Balasubramaniam, Kirubakaran; Nicholson, Brian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-21)
    Background International variations in cancer outcomes persist and may be influenced by differences in the accessibility and organisation of cancer patient pathways. More evidence is needed to understand to what extent variations in the structure of primary care referral pathways for cancer investigation contribute to differences in the timeliness of diagnoses and cancer outcomes in different ...
  • ‘Where to ski?’: an ethnography of how guides make sense while planning 

    Løland, Stig; Markus, Hällgren (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-10)
    A ski guide’s job is to take recreational skiers into avalanche terrain. In this paper, we explore how ski guides make sense of complex social and ecological contexts while planning. Our data arises out of a one-year participant ethnography of ski guiding in Norway, and shows that guides work towards becoming socio-ecologically embedded by making sense of who the clients and what the mountain ...
  • Return to Work after Surgery for Cervical Radiculopathy: A Nationwide Registry-based Observational Study 

    Hara, Sozaburo; Lønne, Vetle Vangen; Aasdahl, Lene; Salvesen, Øyvind Olav; Solberg, Tore; Gulati, Sasha; Hara, Karen Walseth (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-02-15)
    Study Design - An observational multicenter study.<p> <p>Summary of Background Data - Return to work (RTW) is increasingly used to assess the standard, benefit, and quality of health care.<p> <p>Objective - The aim of this study was to evaluate sick leave patterns among patients undergoing surgery for cervical radiculopathy and identify predictors of successful RTW using two nationwide ...
  • Recombinant T-cell receptors from HPA-1a specific T-cells 

    Sætre, Thomas (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-02-01)
    Fetal- and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia is a condition that can cause hemorrhage and potential brain damage or death in neonates. It is most often a result of maternal alloantibodies specific for fetal Human Platelet antigen 1a (HPA-1a) that destroy fetal platelets. The recognition of the HPA-1a peptide-MHC complex by T-cells involve a peculiar form of T-cell receptor peptide-MHC ...
  • Reflections on the nature of measurement in language-based automated assessments of patients' mental state and cognitive function 

    Foltz, Peter W.; Chandler, Chelsea; Diaz-Asper, Catherine; Cohen, Alex S.; Rodriguez, Zachary; Holmlund, Terje Bektesevic; Elvevåg, Brita (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-22)
    Modern advances in computational language processing methods have enabled new approaches to the measurement of mental processes. However, the field has primarily focused on model accuracy in predicting performance on a task or a diagnostic category. Instead the field should be more focused on determining which computational analyses align best with the targeted neurocognitive/psychological functions ...
  • 'Responsibilities of Risk: Living with Mental Illness During COVID-19 

    Brandt Ryborg Jønsson, Alexandra; Christensen, Iben Emilie; Reventlow, Susanne; Risør, Mette Bech (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-10)
    Following the COVID-19 pandemic, Denmark introduced repeated lockdowns of society, including outreach services and visits from social workers for people living with mental illnesses. Based on ethnographic fieldwork, in this article we explore how people with mental illness react to and manage their lives amid COVID-19 mitigations, focusing on how they experience and negotiate vulnerability at ...
  • Individual and country-level variables associated with the medicalization of birth: Multilevel analyses of IMAgiNE EURO data from 15 countries in the WHO European region 

    Miani, Céline; Wandschneider, Lisa; Batram-Zantvoort, Stephanie; Covi, Benedetta; Elden, Helen; Nedberg, Ingvild Hersoug; Drglin, Zalka; Pumpure, Elizabete; Costa, Raquel; Rozée, Virginie; Otelea, Marina Ruxandra; Drandić, Daniela; Radetic, Jelena; Abderhalden-Zellweger, Alessia; Ćerimagić, Amira; Arendt, Maryse; Mariani, Ilaria; Linden, Karolina; Ponikvar, Barbara Mihevc; Jakovicka, Dārta; Dias, Heloisa; Ruzicic, Jovana; de Labrusse, Claire; Valente, Emanuelle Pessa; Zaigham, Mehreen; Bohinec, Anja; Rezeberga, Dace; Barata, Catarina; Pfund, Anouk; Sacks, Emma; Lazzerini, Marzia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-18)
    Objective: To investigate potential associations between individual and country-level factors and medicalization of birth in 15 European countries during the COVID-19 pandemic.<p> <p>Methods: Online anonymous survey of women who gave birth in 2020–2021. Multivariable multilevel logistic regression models estimating associations between indicators of medicalization (cesarean, instrumental vaginal ...
  • Rates of instrumental vaginal birth and cesarean and quality of maternal and newborn health care in private versus public facilities: Results of the IMAgiNE EURO study in 16 countries 

    Lazzerini, Marzia; Valente, Emanuelle Pessa; Covi, Benedetta; Rozée, Virginie; Costa, Raquel; Otelea, Marina Ruxandra; Abderhalden-Zellweger, Alessia; Węgrzynowska, Maria; Linden, Karolina; Arendt, Maryse; Brigidi, Serena; Miani, Céline; Pumpure, Elizabete; Radetic, Jelena; Drandic, Daniela; Cerimagic, Amira; Nedberg, Ingvild Hersoug; Liepinaitienė, Alina; Rodrigues, Carina; de Labrusse, Claire; Baranowska, Barbara; Zaigham, Mehreen; Castañeda, Lara Martín; Batram-Zantvoort, Stephanie; Jakovicka, Dārta; Ruzicic, Jovana; Juciūtė, Simona; Santos, Teresa; Gemperle, Michael; Tataj-Puzyna, Urszula; Elden, Helen; Mizgaitienė, Marija; Lincetto, Ornella; Sacks, Emma; Mariani, Ilaria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-12-10)
    Objective: To explore the quality of maternal and newborn care (QMNC) during the COVID-19 pandemic by facility type among 16 European countries, comparing rates of instrumental vaginal birth and cesarean.<p> <p>Methods: Women who gave birth in the WHO European Region from March 1, 2020, to February 7, 2022, answered a validated online questionnaire. Rates of instrumental birth, instrumental ...
  • SSRI-use, depression, and socioeconomic status among Norwegian adult women – A cross-sectional study with data from the NOWAC-study 

    Waag, Natalie (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-12-28)
    <p><i>Introduction -</i> Depressive disorders affect a significant part of the population, and its effects can be debilitating. Such disorders have a higher prevalence among women and previous studies have shown that there is a consistent association between SES and depression, and between SES and SSRI-use. The primary aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between SES ...
  • Parental cognitive vulnerability during the perinatal period and its effect on mental health and the parent-infant relationship. Results from the NorBaby-study 

    Bohne, Agnes (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2023-02-10)
    Perinatal periode er en krevende overgang i livet, som medfører økt risiko for psykiske helseutfordringer. Nedsatt psykisk helse hos foreldrene utgjør risiko for foreldre-barn relasjonen og for barnets utvikling. Gjennom samspillet med sine omsorgsgivere utvikler barnet emosjonsregulering og sosiale ferdigheter. Foreldre som blir fanget i repeterende negative tanker kan ha lite kapasitet til å plukke ...
  • Interrater and intrarater agreement on heart murmurs 

    Andersen, Stian; Davidsen, Anne Herefoss; Schirmer, Henrik; Melbye, Hasse; Spigt, Marcus; Aviles Solis, Juan Carlos (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-01-04)
    Objective: To investigate interrater and intrarater agreement between physicians and medical students on heart sound classification from audio recordings, and factors predicting agreement with a reference classification.<p> <p>Design: Intra- and interrater agreement study. <p>Subjects: Seventeen GPs and eight cardiologists from Norway and the Netherlands, eight medical students from Norway. <p>Main ...
  • Reaching consensus on definitions for food and physical activity policies: experience from the Policy Evaluation Network 

    Kelly, Liam; Twohig, Cliona; Woods, Cathrine B.; Luszczynska, Aleksandra; Murrin, Celine M.; Lien, Nanna; Meshkovska, Biljana; Kamphuis, Carlijn B.M.; Poelman, Maartje; Terragani, Laura; Forberger, Sarah; Hebestreit, Antje; Ahrens, Wolfgang; Harrington, Janas M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-11-29)
    <p><i>Background -</i> An upsurge in policy evaluation research within public health sciences has led to multi-disciplinary research networks like the ‘Policy Evaluation Network’ (PEN). This multi-disciplinary collaboration highlighted the need for consensus on clear, common terminology and definitions to facilitate the multi-disciplinary research. This article outlines the development process of ...
  • How is your life? understanding the relative importance of life domains amongst older adults, and their associations with self-perceived COVID-19 impacts 

    Chen, Gang; Olsen, Jan Abel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-06)
    Purpose - This study aims to provide new knowledge on the relative importance of key life domains amongst older adults, and how the Coronavirus pandemic has influenced their life (domain) satisfaction.<p> <p>Methods - A cross-sectional survey was administrated to an online panel of the general public aged 65 years and older in Australia from 28 April to 26 May 2020. Life satisfaction was measured ...
  • Health characteristics associated with chemsex among men who have sex with men: Results from a cross-sectional clinic survey in Norway 

    Amundsen, Eirik; Haugstvedt, Åse; Skogen, Vegard; Berg, Rigmor (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-10-05)
    Background Chemsex typically involves drugs such as GHB/GBL, crystal meth and mephedrone, and is increasingly common among MSM. The behaviour has been found to be associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and mental health problems. We aimed to assess the extent of chemsex engagement and associations with different aspects of health, among MSM attending a free specialist walk-in clinic ...

View more