Recent additions

  • How Religion and Spirituality Impact Mental Health and Mental Help-Seeking Behavior in Arctic Norway: an Epidemiological Study Adopting the SAMINOR 2 Questionnaire Survey 

    Kiærbech, Henrik (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2024-06-07)
    <p><i>Objectives:</i> Most international studies have shown that religion and spirituality (R/S) are related to better mental health, yet the Indigenous Sámi—being more committed to R/S than the majority population in the area—have poorer mental health and are more inclined toward suicidal behavior. Laestadianism—an important R/S factor for these people and this region—is related to poorer mental ...
  • Real-time feedback on chest compression efficacy by hands-free carotid Doppler in a porcine model 

    Faldaas, Bjørn Ove; Nielsen, Erik Waage; Storm, Benjamin Stage; Lappegård, Knut Tore; Nilsen, Bent Aksel; Kiss, Gabriel Hanssen; Skogvoll, Eirik; Torp, Hans; Ingul, Charlotte Ingeborg Björk (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2024-02-20)
    Aim: Current guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) recommend a one-size-fits-all approach in relation to the positioning of chest compressions. We recently developed RescueDoppler, a hands-free Doppler ultrasound device for continuous monitoring of carotid blood flow velocity during CPR. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether RescueDoppler via real-time hemodynamic ...
  • Sammenhengen mellom fysisk aktivitet, troponin, NT-proBNP og atrieflimmer. En tverrsnittsundersøkelse av en kohort i Tromsøundersøkelsen (Tromsø 7, 2015-2016) 

    Strøm, Joakim (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-05-24)
    Forekomsten av atrieflimmer er høyere hos utholdenhetsutøvere sammenlignet med ikke-utholdenhetsutøvere. Samtidig er det sett økt utslipp av proBNP og troponin ved utholdenhetstrening. Dette er interessant sett i lys av studier som indikerer økte nivåer av disse hjertemarkørene hos individer med atrieflimmer, og studier som indikerer at hjertemarkørene kan være med å predikere risiko for atrieflimmer. ...
  • Towards personalized medicine in ulcerative colitis. Long-term follow-up after biological treatment and prediction of clinical outcomes 

    Johnsen, Kay-Martin (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2024-06-20)
    Ulcerøs kolitt (UC) er en kronisk tarmsykdom kjennetegnet med betennelse i tykktarmen som forårsaker symptomer som magesmerter, blodig avføring og diaré. Å forstå årsakene til UC er utfordrende og involverer en kompleks blanding av faktorer som immunsystemproblemer, eksponering for mikrober og genetiske påvirkninger. Et gjennombrudd i UC-behandling kom med anti-tumor nekrose faktor (anti-TNF) ...
  • Finnmark mellom frigjøring og fred. Livsvilkår blant overvintrere fra 25. oktober 1944 til 8. mai 1945 

    Mølmann, Nina Planting (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2024-06-14)
    Finnmark mellom frigjøring og fred. Livsvilkår blant overvintrere fra 25. oktober 1944 til 8. mai 1945. Den 18. oktober 1944 krysset sovjetiske styrker grensen til Norge i Sør-Varanger. Etter en uke med kamper på norske jord, lyktes sovjeterne å presse de tyske soldatene på retrett. Den første delen av Norge var fritt etter nesten fem års okkupasjon den 25. oktober 1944. Samtidig forberedte ...
  • Henvisning til rekonstruktiv kirurgi etter brystbevarende kirurgi – En studie av kvinner operert for brystkreft eller DCIS ved UNN Tromsø i perioden 2009-2018 

    Tylden, Eline Sol Garthsdatter; Ellingsen, Frida Hol (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-05-21)
    Bakgrunn Den kirurgiske behandlingen av brystkreft har forandret seg mye i løpet av de siste tiårene, men studier som beskriver endringene og effekten av dem mangler. Vi undersøker utviklingen av brystkreftkirurgi ved UNN Tromsø fra 2009 til 2018, og hvordan henvisningsraten til rekonstruktiv kirurgi etter brystbevarende kirurgi (BBK) har utviklet seg som et indirekte mål på pasienttilfredshet. Vi ...
  • Uerfarne og erfarne legers opplevelse av usikkerhet i medisinen – en kvalitativ studie 

    Asdal, Karoline (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-05-21)
    Usikkerhet er et uunngåelig aspekt av medisinen, og lar seg ikke alltid eliminere av økt kunnskapsmengde og -kvalitet. Usikkerhet et fenomen som ofte fremkaller negative assosiasjoner, men bevissthet rundt egen mangel på kunnskap oppleves med ulik grad av trygghet. Formålet er å utforske hvordan legers forhold til usikkerhet og deres opplevelse av utrygghet utvikler seg med erfaring. Oppgaven er en ...
  • 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide-induced oral epithelial lesions exhibit time- and stage-dependent changes in the tumor immune microenvironment 

    Sellæg, Kjersti; Schwienbacher, Ruth; Kranz, Mathias; Engan Aamodt, Anna; Wirsing, Anna Maria; Berge, gerd; Hadler-Olsen, Elin Synnøve; Norvoll Magnussen, Synnøve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-15)
    Oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) is the most common cancer of the oral cavity and is associated with high morbidity due to local invasion and lymph node metastasis. Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are associated with good prognosis in oral cancer patients and dictate response to treatment. Ectopic sites for immune activation in tumors, known as tertiary lymphoid structures ...
  • Mass cultivation of the marine diatom Porosira glacialis: Method development and comparison of pigment composition in response to irradiance wavelenght 

    Bæverud, Agnethe Hansen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2022-05-19)
    In 2015, UiT The Arctic University of Norway and a local smelting plant initiated a project aiming to reduce the carbon footprint by mass cultivation of microalgae. The ability of the microalgae to directly capture industrially emitted CO2 and utilize wastewater as alternative nutrient sources to produce high value biomass, causes the bio-carbon recycling to represent both an environmental and ...
  • Duration and dynamics of Klebsiella pneumoniae species complex gut carriage in a community-based adult population cohort 

    Kabir, Wasifa (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2023-05-15)
    Klebsiella pneumoniae species complex (KpSC) is a group of closely related bacterial species including Klebsiella pneumoniae sensu stricto known as a major human opportunistic pathogen associated with healthcare. KpSC gut carriage is a major risk factor for clinical infections and elderly people (≥60y) are at the risk of KpSC gut colonisation. This master project investigated the presence, duration ...
  • “Vulnerability” and Its Unintended Consequences 

    Skoglund, Jeanette; Thørnblad, Renee (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-11)
    “Vulnerability” is now a widely used term in different settings—from politics and academia to everyday life. In response, a growing body of research has emerged critiquing and challenging the use of the concept in the social sciences. In this paper, we explore the use of the term vulnerability in research on children in out-of-home care and discuss the possible negative consequences of this—for the ...
  • The cost of saying no: general practitioners’ gatekeeping role in sickness absence certification 

    Hoff, Eivor Hovde; Kraft, Kristian Bandlien; Moe, Cathrine Fredriksen; Nylenna, Magne; Østby, Kristian Amundsen; Mykletun, Arnstein (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-02-12)
    Background General practitioners (GPs) have an important gatekeeping role in the Norwegian sickness insurance system. This role includes limiting access to paid sick leave when this is not justified according to sick leave criteria. 85% of GPs in Norway operate within a fee-for-service system that incentivises short consultations and high service provision. In this qualitative study, we explore ...
  • Characterization and prognostic value of lymphatic vessels in an oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma cohort 

    Andersson Cronblad, Ida; Warvik, Cathrine Elise; Bjerkli, Inger-Heidi; Eriksson Steigen, Sonja; Uhlin-Hansen, Lars; Magnussen, Synnøve; Hadler-Olsen, Elin; Wirsing, Anna Maria (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-21)
    Tumor lymphangiogenesis increases the area of interaction between lymphatic vessels and tumor cells, and may thereby facilitate metastases. In oral cancer high lymphatic vessel density (LVD) and large lymphatic vessel area (LVA) have been associated with more aggressive tumors, but results from different studies are not conclusive. The aim of this study was to assess the association of tumor-associated ...
  • Identification and semi-quantitative analysis of lipids in the diatom Porosira glacialis 

    Haugland, Kristine (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-05-18)
    Background: In 2015, The University of Tromsø initiated a project with local industry involving cultivation of marine microalgae to reduce industrial CO2-emissions. Marine microalgae are primary producers with high capacity for carbon fixation into biomass rich in lipids. Their lipid composition is characterized by high content of PUFAs such as EPA (20:5) and DHA (22:6). The biomass can potentially ...
  • Ordningen «reseptfri medisin med veiledning» med fokus på Viagra Reseptfri® - farmasøyters erfaringer, og tanker rundt videreutvikling av ordningen 

    Vo, Catherine Tam Uyen (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2021-05-18)
    Bakgrunn: Apotekbransjen og farmasøytrollen er stadig i endring, og i de siste årene har flere og flere farmasøytiske tjenester blitt implementert i apotek. Dette har ført til større fokus på legemiddelveiledning og formidling av legemiddelinformasjon, samt apotek som et lavterskeltilbud innen helse. I 2018 åpnet Stortinget for å fjerne reseptplikten på enkelte legemidler, slik at de kunne selges ...
  • The effect of β-lactamase evolution on biofilm formation in Vibrio cholerae 

    Haukefer, Anne Sofie Bernhardsen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2023-05-15)
    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has emerged as one of the greatest threats to public health in the 21st century. Especially, the production of -lactamase enzymes has become the leading cause of -lactam resistance in Gram-negative pathogens. In addition, many of the pathogens associated with extensive antimicrobial resistance form biofilms, which further increases their persistence. Studies from ...
  • Kvalitet av legemiddelbruk og legemiddelinformasjon hos hoftebruddspasienter ved Sykehuset i Vestfold HF – en tverrsnittstudie 

    Nguyen, Caroline Thy (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
    Det er i hovedsak eldre personer som gjennomgår hoftebrudd, som er et fryktet osteoporotisk brudd. Eldre har flere sykdommer som fører til at de blir behandlet med flere legemidler sammenlignet med yngre. Dette vil igjen øke risikoen for uhensiktsmessig legemiddelbruk. I tillegg overføres eldre hyppig inn og ut og mellom helseinstitusjoner, som skaper et behov for velfungerende informasjonsoverføring. ...
  • The Association between the Energy-adjusted Dietary Inflammatory Index and the Risk of Colorectal Cancer in The Norwegian Women and Cancer Study (NOWAC) 

    Berg, Anna Emilie Vinje (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2023-05-15)
    Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancer types and a leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Norwegian women had the highest incidence rate in 2020 compared to women in other countries. Existing evidence suggests that the dietary inflammatory potential is associated with the risk of CRC and that the risk may vary by anatomical subsite. However, the findings are inconsistent ...
  • The Relationship between Psychological Factors and Performance Level in Female Football 

    Fredriksen, Sveinung Nordhov (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2023-05-15)
    The purpose of this study was to see if there were significant differences in female football players' psychological factors across performance levels. We also investigated whether the same differences could predict at what level female football players compete. Method: The study involved a sample of 188 female football players across three performance levels. Data were collected by five questionnaires, ...
  • Associations between intake of dairy products and colorectal lesions in the Norwegian CRCbiome study: a cross-sectional study 

    Grønvik, Frøya Berg (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2023-05-15)
    Background: Intake of dairy is associated with lower risk of CRC. It is, however, unclear whether this risk reduction applies to all types of dairy products and whether it also applies to precancerous lesions. Aim/objective: To examine the association between intake of dairy products and CRC screening findings (non-advanced lesions and advanced colorectal lesions (ACN)) in participants with a ...

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