Recent additions

  • Stress and perceived health among primary care visitors in two corners of Europe: Scandinavia and Greece 

    Koppner, Jenny; Chatziarzenis, Marios; Faresjö, Tomas; Theodorsson, Elvar; Thorsell, Annika; Nilsson, Staffan; Olsen, Ole; Faresjö, Åshild Olsen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-04)
    Background - The global financial crisis emerging in 2008 struck Greece especially hard, whereas Scandinavian countries were less affected. This has created a unique opportunity to study the long-term effect of community stress on populations. Increasing frequencies of mental health issues and poorer perceived health among the Greek population have been reported. The physiological marker of long-term ...
  • Repositioning of the global epicentre of non-optimal cholesterol 

    Taddei, Cristina; Zhou, Bin; Bixby, Honor; Carrillo-Larco, Rodrigo M.; Danaei, Goodarz; Jackson, Rod T.; Ahmed, Soheir H; Andersen, Lars Bo; Anderssen, Sigmund Alfred; Ariansen, Inger Kristine Holtermann; Bjertness, Espen; Bjertness, Marius Bergsmark; Graff-Iversen, Sidsel; Haugsgjerd, Teresa Risan; Janszky, Imre; Krokstad, Steinar; Laugsand, Lars Erik; Madar, Ahmed Ali; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Meyer, Haakon E; Sen, Abhijit; Tell, Grete S.; Vatten, Lars Johan; Wilsgaard, Tom; Farzadfar, Farshad; Sophiea, Marisa K.; Di Cesare, Mariachiara; Iurilli, Maria L. C.; Martinez, Andrea Rodriguez; Asghari, Golaleh; Dhana, Klodian; Gulayin, Pablo; Kakarmath, Sujay; Santero, Marilina; Voortman, Trudy; Riley, Leanne M.; Cowan, Melanie J.; Savin, Stefan; Bennett, James E.; Stevens, Gretchen A.; Paciorek, Christopher J.; Aekplakorn, Wichai; Cifkova, Renata; Giampaoli, Simona; Kengne, Andre Pascal; Khang, Young-Ho; Kuulasmaa, Kari; Laxmaiah, Avula; Margozzini, Paula; Mathur, Prashant (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-03)
    High blood cholesterol is typically considered a feature of wealthy western countries1,2. However, dietary and behavioural determinants of blood cholesterol are changing rapidly throughout the world3 and countries are using lipid-lowering medications at varying rates. These changes can have distinct effects on the levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and non-HDL cholesterol, which ...
  • Causes and Consequences of Gender Roles 

    Olsson, Maria (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2021-05-03)
    This dissertation addresses the pervasive issue of women’s underrepresentation in agentic work and the equally important (but underexamined) issue of men’s underrepresentation in communal unpaid work. First, I review research and identify what conditions need to be met in order for counterstereotypical role models to break down some of the barriers to women’s entry into agentic work (Chapter 2). One ...
  • Prospects for improved glomerular filtration rate estimation based on creatinine-results from a transnational multicentre study 

    Bjõrk, Jonas; Nyman, Ulf; Courbebaisse, Marie; Couzi, Lionel; Dalton, R. Neil; Dubourg, Laurence; Ebert, Natalie; Eriksen, Bjõrn O.; Gaillard, Francois; Garrouste, Cyril; Grubb, Anders; Hansson, Magnus; Jacquemont1, Lola; Jones, Ian; Kamar, Nassim; Lamb, Edmund J.; Legendre, Christophe; Littmann, Karin; Mariat, Christophe; Melsom, Toralf; Rostaing, Lionel; Rule, Andrew D.; Schaeffner, Elke; Sundin, Per-Ola; Turner, Stephen; Åkesson, Anna; Delanaye, Pierre; Pottel, Hans (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-13)
    Background - The Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) creatinine equation is routinely used to assess renal function but exhibits varying accuracy depending on patient characteristics and clinical presentation. The overall aim of the present study was to assess if and to what extent glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimation based on creatinine can be improved.<p> <p>Methods ...
  • Combined effects of five prothrombotic genotypes and cancer on the risk of a first venous thromboembolic event 

    Skille, Hanne; Paulsen, Benedikte; Hveem, Kristian; Gabrielsen, Maiken Elvestad; Brumpton, Ben Michael; Hindberg, Kristian; Gran, Olga Vikhammer; Rosendaal, Frits Richard; Brækkan, Sigrid Kufaas; Hansen, John-Bjarne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-16)
    Background - The role of combined prothrombotic genotypes in cancer‐related venous thromboembolism (VTE) is scarcely studied. We aimed to investigate the impact of a 5‐single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) score on the risk of VTE in patients with and without cancer using a population‐based case‐cohort.<p> <p>Methods - Cases with a first VTE (n = 1493) and a subcohort (n = 13 072) were derived ...
  • Performance of Expanded Newborn Screening in Norway Supported by Post-Analytical Bioinformatics Tools and Rapid Second-Tier DNA Analyses 

    Tangeraas, Trine; Sæves, Ingjerd; Klingenberg, Claus; Jørgensen, Jens; Kristensen, Erle; Gunnarsdottir, Gunnþórunn; Hansen, Eirik Vangsøy; Strand, Janne Maren; Lundman, Emma; Ferdinandusse, Sacha; Salvador, Cathrin Lytomt; Woldseth, Berit; Bliksrud, Yngve Thomas; Sagredo, Carlos; Olsen, Øyvind Edon; Berge, Mona C.; Trømborg, Anette Kjoshagen; Ziegler, Anders; Zhang, Jin Hui; Sørgjerd, Linda Karlsen; Ytre-Arne, Mari Eknes; Hogner, Silje; Løvoll, Siv M.; Olavsen, Mette R. Kløvstad; Navarrete, Dionne; Gaup, Hege Junita; Lilje, Rina; Zetterström, Rolf H.; Stray-Pedersen, Asbjørg; Rootwelt-Revheim, Terje; Rinaldo, Piero; Rowe, Alexander D.; Pettersen, Rolf D. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-27)
    In 2012, the Norwegian newborn screening program (NBS) was expanded (eNBS) from screening for two diseases to that for 23 diseases (20 inborn errors of metabolism, IEMs) and again in 2018, to include a total of 25 conditions (21 IEMs). Between 1 March 2012 and 29 February 2020, 461,369 newborns were screened for 20 IEMs in addition to phenylketonuria (PKU). Excluding PKU, there were 75 true-positive ...
  • Association between anthropometry and lifestyle factors and risk of B-cell lymphoma: An exposome-wide analysis 

    Hosnijeh, Fatemeh Saberi; Casabonne, Delphine; Nieters, Alexandra; Solans, Marta; Naudin, Sabine; Ferrari, Pietro; McKay, James D.; Benavente, Yolanda; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Freisling, Heinz; Severi, Gianluca; Ruault, Marie-Christine Boutron; Bonet, Catalina; Besson, Caroline; Agnoli, Claudia; Barricarte, Aurelio; Christakoudi, Sofia; Masala, Giovanna; Knuppel, Anika; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Bueno-De-Mesquita, Bas; Tumino, Rosario; Huerta, José María; Schulze, Matthias B.; Kaaks, Rudolf; Amiano, Pilar; Barranco, Miguel Rodriguez; Canzian, Federico; Späth, Florentin; Jerkeman, Mats; Rylander, Charlotta; Tjønneland, Anne; Olsen, Anja; Borch, Kristin Benjaminsen; Vermeulen, Roel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-31)
    To better understand the role of individual and lifestyle factors in human disease, an exposome‐wide association study was performed to investigate within a single‐study anthropometry measures and lifestyle factors previously associated with B‐cell lymphoma (BCL). Within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and nutrition study, 2402 incident BCL cases were diagnosed from 475 426 ...
  • Adapting and Going the Extra Mile: A Qualitative Study of Palliative Care in Rural Northern Norway From the Perspective of Healthcare Providers 

    Ervik, Bente; Brøndbo, Birgit; Johansen, May-Lill (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-24)
    Background - Despite significant developments in palliative care in recent decades, we still find important differences in access to and delivery of care in rural Norway.<p> <p>Objective - The aim of this study was to explore what healthcare professionals consider necessary to provide equality in care for palliative patients in rural areas.<p> <p>Methods - A qualitative approach with focus ...
  • How Academic Experiences and Educational Aspirations Relate to Well-Being and Health among Indigenous Sami Youth in Northern Norway. A Qualitative Approach 

    Nystad, Kristine; Ingstad, Benedicte; Spein, Anna Rita (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    Increasingly, education occupies the lives of Indigenous adolescents worldwide. This qualitative study is part of the project “Circumpolar Indigenous Pathways to Adulthood” (CIPA), where the overall aim was to identify young people’s stressors in five circumpolar sites, and the resilience processes that safeguard transition into adulthood (Allen et al. 2014). The present study explores the everyday ...
  • Predictive and diagnostic utility of brief neuropsychological assessment in detecting Alzheimer's pathology and progression to dementia 

    Eliassen, Ingvild Vøllo; Fladby, Tormod; Kirsebom, Bjørn-Eivind; Waterloo, Knut; Eckerström, Marie; Wallin, Anders; Bråthen, Geir; Aarsland, Dag; Hessen, Erik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    Objective: To assess the role of brief neuropsychological assessments in prediction and identification of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathology and progression to AD dementia. Method: Adults (N = 255; range = 40–81 years) with self-reported cognitive decline underwent baseline and 2-year follow-up clinical assessment, including a brief neuropsychological screening and lumbar puncture. Five different ...
  • Sleep patterns and insomnia in a large population-based study of middle-aged and older adults: The Tromsø study 2015–2016 

    Sivertsen, Børge; Pallesen, Ståle; Friborg, Oddgeir; Nilsen, Kristian Bernhard; Bakke, Øystein; Goll, Jonas Bjørnskov; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2020-05-29)
    Epidemiological studies assessing adult sleep duration have yielded inconsistent findings and there are still large variations in estimation of insomnia prevalence according to the most recent diagnostic criteria. Our objective was to describe sleep patterns in a large population of middle‐aged and older adults, by employing accurate measures of both sleep duration and insomnia. Data stem from the ...
  • Physical activity and cold pain tolerance in the general population 

    Årnes, Anders; Nielsen, Christopher Sivert; Stubhaug, Audun; Fjeld, Mats Kirkeby; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Horsch, Alexander; Johansen, Aslak; Morseth, Bente; Wilsgaard, Tom; Steingrímsdóttir, Ólöf Anna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-09)
    <p>Background - The relationship between habitual physical activity (PA) and experimental pain tolerance has been investigated in small samples of young, healthy and/or single‐sex volunteers. We used a large, population‐based sample to assess this relationship in men and women with and without chronic pain. <p>Methods - We used data from the sixth and seventh Tromsø Study surveys (2007–2008; ...
  • Feeling out of place: Internalized age stereotypes are associated with older employees’ sense of belonging and social motivation. 

    Rahn, Georg; Martiny, Sarah E.; Nikitin, Jana (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-05)
    Older employees are not only confronted with subtle negative stereotypes about cognitive decline, but they also tend to internalize these negative stereotypes (i.e., they agree with the idea that intellectual performance declines in old age and they feel affected by this decline). Previous research has shown that internalizing negative age stereotypes has detrimental effects on work-related outcomes. ...
  • Girls’ perceptions of their mothers at work and home: Warm does not mean weak 

    Parks-Stamm, Elizabeth J.; Henson, Emma; Martiny, Sarah E. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-11)
    Upper elementary school girls were surveyed about their mothers’ and fathers’ warmth, competence, and agency at home and how they imagine their parents at work. Mothers’ warmth at home was positively correlated with perceived competence and agency both at home and at work. Differences between daughters’ perceptions of their mothers and fathers at work are discussed.
  • Human tool cognition relies on teleology 

    Hernik, Mikołaj (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-10)
    Osiurak and Reynaud's account of human tool cognition misses key element: human capacity for functional representations and teleological inferences. I argue that the teleofunctional approach accounts better for some features of human tool cognition and points to a viable candidate for the cognitive “difference-maker” behind human technological success.
  • Allmennlegers erfaringer med spiseforstyrrelser 

    Aalmen, Mia Holtet; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Holund, Andreas; Pettersen, Gunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-15)
    <i>BAKGRUNN</i> - Allmennlegen spiller en nøkkelrolle i å utrede, diagnostisere og behandle spiseforstyrrelser. Denne rollen utfordres av kliniske særtrekk ved pasientgruppen, legenes arbeidshverdag og samarbeidsforhold med spesialisthelsetjenesten. Hensikten med denne studien var å få mer kunnskap om hvordan allmennleger møter slike utfordringer.<p> <p><i>MATERIALE OG METODE</i> - Fem allmennleger ...
  • Reinnleggelser ved en hjertemedisinsk avdeling 

    Lorentzen, Ida Christine; Larsby, Kristina; Bugge, Einar; Lindekleiv, Haakon (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-13)
    <i>BAKGRUNN</i> - Reinnleggelse av pasienter kan være uttrykk for uhensiktsmessige pasientforløp eller kvalitetssvikt. Formålet med studien var å se om vi kunne identifisere områder for forbedring ved å gjennomgå 50 ikke-planlagte reinnleggelser.<p> <p><i>MATERIALE OG METODE</i> - Vi gjennomgikk 50 fortløpende ikke-planlagte reinnleggelser ved Hjertemedisinsk avdeling ved Universitetssykehuset ...
  • Coffee consumption and overall and cause-specific mortality: the Norwegian Women and Cancer Study (NOWAC) 

    Lukic, Marko; Barnung, Runa Borgund; Olsen, Karina Standahl; Skeie, Guri; Braaten, Tonje (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-23)
    Coffee consumption has previously been reported to reduce overall and cause-specific mortality. We aimed to further investigate this association by coffee brewing methods and in a population with heavy coffee consumers. The information on total, filtered, instant, and boiled coffee consumption from self-administered questionnaires was available from 117,228 women in the Norwegian Women and Cancer ...
  • Citrus intake and risk of skin cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort (EPIC) 

    Mahamat-Saleh, Yahya; Cervenka, Iris; Al-Rahmoun, Marie; Mancini, Francesca R.; Severi, Gianluca; Ghiasvand, Reza; Veierød, Marit Bragelien; Caini, Saverio; Palli, Domenico; Botteri, Edoardo; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Ricceri, Fulvio; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Peppa, Eleni; La Vecchia, Carlo; Overvad, Kim; Dahm, Christina C.; Olsen, Anja; Tjønneland, Anne; Perez-Cornago, Aurora; Jakszyn, Paula; Grioni, Sara; Schulze, Matthias B.; Skeie, Guri; Lasheras, Christina; Colorado-Yohar, Sandra; RodrÍguez-Barranco, Miguel; Kühn, Tilman; Katzke, Verena A.; Amiano, Pilar; Tumino, Rosario; Panico, Salvatore; Ezponda, Ana; Sonestedt, Emily; Scalbert, Augustin; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Kvaskoff, Marina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-24)
    Citrus intake has been suggested to increase the risk of skin cancer. Although this relation is highly plausible biologically, epidemiologic evidence is lacking. We aimed to examine the potential association between citrus intake and skin cancer risk. EPIC is an ongoing multi-center prospective cohort initiated in 1992 and involving ~ 520,000 participants who have been followed-up in 23 centers from ...
  • Association of circulating Vitamin D with colorectal cancer depends on Vitamin D-binding protein isoforms: A pooled, nested, case-control study 

    Gibbs, David Corley; Song, Mingyang; McCullough, Marjorie L.; Um, Caroline Y.; Bostick, Roberd M.; Wu, Kana; Flanders, W. Dana; Giovannucci, Edward; Jenab, Mazda; Brustad, Magritt; Tjønneland, Anne; Perez-Cornago, Aurora; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Tsilidis, Konstantinos K.; Hultdin, Johan; Gurrea, Aurelio Barricarte; Bueno-De-Mesquita, Bas; Mahamat-Saleh, Yahya; Kühn, Tilman; Gunter, Marc; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Fedirko, Veronika (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-15)
    <i>Background</i> - Higher circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin-D [25(OH)D] concentrations are consistently inversely associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk in observational studies. However, it is unknown whether this association depends on the functional GC-rs4588*A (Thr436Lys) variant encoding the vitamin D–binding protein-2 (DBP2) isoform, which may affect vitamin D status and bioavailability.< ...

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