Recent additions

  • Reciprocal transactivation of Merkel cell polyomavirus and high-risk human papillomavirus promoter activities and increased expression of their oncoproteins 

    Rasheed, Kashif; Sveinbjørnsson, Baldur; Moens, Ugo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-03)
    <i>Background</i> - Approximately 15% of human cancers are attributed to viruses. Numerous studies have shown that high-risk human polyomaviruses (HR-HPV) and Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) are two human tumor viruses associated with anogenetal and oropharyngeal cancers, and with Merkel cell carcinoma, respectively. MCPyV has been found in HR-HPV positive anogenetal and oropharyngeal tumors, ...
  • Identifying Resilience Factors of Distress and Paranoia During the COVID-19 Outbreak in Five Countries 

    Mækelæ, Martin Jensen; Reggev, Niv; Defelipe, Renata P.; Dutra, Natalia; Tamayo, Ricardo; Klevjer, Kristoffer; Pfuhl, Gerit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-06-10)
    The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic outbreak has affected all countries with more than 100 million confirmed cases and over 2.1 million casualties by the end of January 2021 worldwide. A prolonged pandemic can harm global levels of optimism, regularity, and sense of meaning and belonging, yielding adverse effects on individuals' mental health as represented by worry, paranoia, and distress. Here we studied ...
  • Parent reports of children's emotional and behavioral problems in a low- and middleincome country (LMIC): An epidemiological study of Nepali schoolchildren 

    Ma, Jasmine; Mahat, Pashupati; Brøndbo, Per Håkan; Handegård, Bjørn H.; Kvernmo, Siv; Javo, Anne Cecilie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-08-03)
    <i>Background</i> - As epidemiological data on child mental health in low- and middle-income countries are limited, a large-scale survey was undertaken to estimate the prevalence and amount of child emotional and behavioral problems (EBP) in Nepal as reported by the parents.<br><br> <i>Methods</i> - 3820 schoolchildren aged 6–18 years were selected from 16 districts of the three geographical ...
  • Religion and Health in Arctic Norway–the association of religious and spiritual factors with suicidal behaviour in a mixed Sámi and Norwegian adult population - The SAMINOR 2 Questionnaire Survey 

    Kiærbech, Henrik; Silviken, Anne; Lorem, Geir F; Kristiansen, Roald E; Spein, Anna Rita (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-12)
    Given the higher suicide rates among the adult population in the northernmost part of Norway and some unfavourable psychosocial outcomes associated with the Laestadian revival movement in this region, it is reasonable to investigate the relationship between religiosity/spirituality and suicidal behaviour in this context. This study used cross-sectional data from the population-based SAMINOR 2 ...
  • Access to, use, knowledge, and preferences for information technology and technical equipment among people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Sweden. A cross-sectional survey study 

    Sönnerfors, Pernilla; Roaldsen, Kirsti Skavberg; Ståhle, Agneta; Wadell, Karin; Halvarsson, Alexandra (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-06-10)
    <i>Background</i> - The use of information technology can make pulmonary rehabilitation interventions in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) more flexible and thereby has the potential to reach a larger proportion of the population. However, the success of using information technology in pulmonary rehabilitation is dependent on the end-user’s competence in information technology ...
  • Rewarming From Hypothermic Cardiac Arrest Applying Extracorporeal Life Support: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis 

    Bjertnæs, Lars J.; Hindberg, Kristian; Næsheim, Torvind; Suborov, Evgeny V.; Reierth, Eirik; Kirov, Mikhail Y.; Lebedinskii, Konstantin M.; Tveita, Torkjel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-13)
    <i>Introduction</i>: This systematic review and meta-analysis aims at comparing outcomes of rewarming after accidental hypothermic cardiac arrest (HCA) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) or/and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).<br><br> <i>Material and Methods</i>: Literature searches were limited to references with an abstract in English, French or German. Additionally, we searched ...
  • Metabolic syndrome, obesity and ethnicity—The SAMINOR Study 

    Michalsen, Vilde Lehne (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2021-10-13)
    Clustering of certain cardiometabolic risk factors is known as metabolic syndrome (MetS). MetS is associated with an unhealthy lifestyle and the prevalence is increasing alongside the obesity epidemic, making it an important public health issue. Both MetS and obesity are common in the adult population in rural Northern Norway, which comprises an ethnically mixed population. MetS is defined using ...
  • Lifestyle changes among people with type 2 diabetes are associated with participation in online groups and time since diagnosis 

    Hansen, Anne Helen; Wangberg, Silje C.; Årsand, Eirik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-12)
    <i>Background</i> - For people with Type 2 diabetes (T2D), lifestyle changes may be the most effective intervention. Online groups for people with diabetes holds a great potential to support such changes. However, little is known about the association between participation in online groups and lifestyle changes based on internet information in people with T2D. The aim of this study was to investigate ...
  • Association of High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol With GFR Decline in a General Nondiabetic Population 

    Melsom, Toralf; Norvik, Jon Viljar; Enoksen, Inger Therese; Stefansson, Vidar Tor Nyborg; Rismo, Renathe; Jenssen, Trond; Solbu, Marit Dahl; Eriksen, Bjørn Odvar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-18)
    <i>Introduction</i> - Although lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), experimental evidence suggest that aging, inflammation, and oxidative stress may remodel HDL-C, leading to dysfunctional HDL-C. Population studies on HDL-C and loss of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) reported inconsistent results, but they used ...
  • Validation of Selected Head and Neck Cancer Prognostic Markers from the Pathology Atlas in an Oral Tongue Cancer Cohort 

    Wirsing, Anna Maria; Bjerkli, Inger-Heidi; Steigen, Sonja Eriksson; Rikardsen, Oddveig G; Norvoll Magnussen, Synnøve; Hegge, Beate; Seppola, Marit; Uhlin-Hansen, Lars; Hadler-Olsen, Elin Synnøve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-14)
    The Pathology Atlas is an open-access database that reports the prognostic value of protein-coding transcripts in 17 cancers, including head and neck cancer. However, cancers of the various head and neck anatomical sites are specific biological entities. Thus, the aim of the present study was to validate promising prognostic markers for head and neck cancer reported in the Pathology Atlas in oral ...
  • Burden, antibiotic resistance, and clonality of shigella spp. Implicated in community-acquired acute diarrhoea in Lilongwe, Malawi 

    Phiri, Abel F.N.D.; Abia, Akebe Luther King; Amoako, Daniel Gyamfi; Mkakosya, Rajab; Sundsfjord, Arnfinn; Essack, Sabiha; Simonsen, Gunnar Skov (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-28)
    Although numerous studies have investigated diarrhoea aetiology in many sub-Saharan African countries, recent data on <i>Shigella</i> species’ involvement in community-acquired acute diarrhoea (CA-AD) in Malawi are scarce. This study investigated the incidence, antibiotic susceptibility profile, genotypic characteristics, and clonal relationships of <i>Shigella flexneri</i> among 243 patients ...
  • Frafall i organisert fotball gjennom en sesong preget av COVID-19 i samfunnet – Et trenerperspektiv 

    Blomstrand, Tommy Hauge (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2021-05-26)
    Sammendrag Introduksjon: I begynnelsen av 2020 ble samfunnet i Norge rammet av COVID-19. Dette medførte begrensninger for idretten i landet, som samfunnet generelt. Dette har medført begrenset mulighet for organisert fotball. Norges fotballforbund har rapportert om frafall på 8% i barne- og ungdomsfotballen og det fryktes større frafall i seniorfotballen. Videre tar den teoretiske rammen i denne ...
  • Responses after spinal interventions in a clinical pain practice - A pragmatic observational study 

    Måwe, Leif; Thorén, Lena Måwe; Kvarstein, Gunnvald (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-24)
    Introduction - There is limited evidence for effect of interventional treatment, and pragmatic studies are needed to assess these interventions within a clinical setting. The aim of this study was to describe patients referred to an interventional pain clinic and investigate responses after spinal intervention in general and for radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and transforaminal epidural corticosteroid ...
  • Thromboembolic Events During Treatment with Cisplatin-based Chemotherapy in Metastatic Testicular Germ-cell Cancer 2000–2014: A Population-based Cohort Study 

    Haugnes, Hege S.; Negaard, Helene F.; Negaard, Helene Francisca Stigter; Jensvoll, Hilde; Wilsgaard, Tom; Tandstad, Torgrim; Solberg, Arne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-08-15)
    <i>Background</i> - Cisplatin-based chemotherapy (CBCT) in testicular cancer (TC) is associated with elevated venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk, but trials evaluating the safety and efficacy of thromboprophylaxis are lacking.<br><br> <i>Objective</i> - To evaluate the arterial thromboembolism (ATE) and VTE incidence and risk factors during first-line CBCT for metastatic TC, and the effect of ...
  • Explaining subjective social status in two countries: The relative importance of education, occupation, income and childhood circumstances 

    Lindberg, Marie Hella; Chen, Gang; Olsen, Jan Abel; Abelsen, Birgit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-03)
    In the literature on social inequalities in health, subjective socioeconomic position (SEP) is increasingly applied as a determinant of health, motivated by the hypothesis that having a high subjective SEP is health-enhancing. However, the relative importance of determinants of subjective SEP is not well understood. Objective SEP indicators, such as education, occupation and income, are assumed to ...
  • Intake of Vegetables, Fruits and Berries and Compliance to “Five-a-Day” in a General Norwegian Population—The Tromsø Study 2015–2016 

    Nilsen, Linn; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Grimsgaard, Sameline; Carlsen, Monica Hauger; Lundblad, Marie Wasmuth (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-18)
    Vegetables, fruits and berries are associated with reduced disease risk, and recommended intake is “five-a-day”. We studied the intake of vegetables, fruits and berries and compliance with “five-a-day” in 11,425 adults (40–96 years) who completed a food frequency questionnaire in the seventh wave of the Tromsø Study (2015–2016). Intake and proportion above/below recommended intake (250 g/day of ...
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease does not impair responses to resistance training 

    Mølmen, Knut Sindre; Hammarström, Jens Konrad Daniel; Falch, Gunnar Slettaløkken; Grundtvig, Morten; Koll, Lise; Hanestadhaugen, Marita; Khan, Yusuf; Ahmad, Rafi; Malerbakken, Bente; Rødølen, Tore Jørgen; Lien, Roger; Rønnestad, Bent; Raastad, Truls; Ellefsen, Stian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-06)
    <i>Background</i> - Subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are prone to accelerated decay of muscle strength and mass with advancing age. This is believed to be driven by disease-inherent systemic pathophysiologies, which are also assumed to drive muscle cells into a state of anabolic resistance, leading to impaired abilities to adapt to resistance exercise training. Currently, ...
  • The global dissemination of hospital clones of Enterococcus faecium 

    van Hal, Sebastiaan J.; Willems, Rob J.L.; Gouliouris, Theodore; Ballard, Susan A.; Coque, Teresa M.; Hammerum, Anette M.; Hegstad, Kristin; Westh, Henrik; Howden, Benjamin P.; Malhotra-Kumar, Surbhi; Werner, Guido; Yanagihara, Katsunori; Earl, Ashlee M.; Raven, Katherine E.; Corander, Jukka; Bowden, Rory (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-30)
    <i>Background</i> - The hospital-adapted A1 group of <i>Enterococcus faecium</i> remains an organism of significant concern in the context of drug-resistant hospital-associated infections. How this pathogen evolves and disseminates remains poorly understood.<br><br> <i>Methods</i> - A large, globally representative collection of short-read genomic data from the hospital-associated A1 group of ...
  • Validating Biobehavioral Technologies for Use in Clinical Psychiatry 

    Cohen, Alex S.; Cox, Christopher R.; Tucker, Raymond P.; Mitchell, Kyle R.; Schwartz, Elana K.; Le, Thanh P.; Foltz, Peter W.; Holmlund, Terje Bektesevic; Elvevåg, Brita (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-06-11)
    The last decade has witnessed the development of sophisticated biobehavioral and genetic, ambulatory, and other measures that promise unprecedented insight into psychiatric disorders. As yet, clinical sciences have struggled with implementing these objective measures and they have yet to move beyond “proof of concept.” In part, this struggle reflects a traditional, and conceptually flawed, application ...
  • Early-Onset Sepsis in Neonates - A Population-Based Study in South-West Norway From 1996 to 2018 

    Vatne, Anlaug; Klingenberg, Claus; Rettedal, Siren; Øymar, Knut Asbjørn Alexander (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-17)
    <i>Background</i>: The epidemiology of early-onset sepsis (EOS) may change over time. Longitudinal surveillance of causative pathogens, antibiotic susceptibility patterns and antibiotic therapy is important for optimal therapy strategies.<br><br> <i>Objectives</i>: To describe the incidence of culture-confirmed EOS, causative pathogens, antibiotic susceptibility patterns and antibiotic therapy ...

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