Recent additions

  • Job demands, job resources, and health outcomes among nursing professionals in private and public healthcare sectors in Sweden – a prospective study 

    Thapa, Dip Raj; Stengård, Johanna; Ekström-Bergström, Anette; Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina; Krettek, Alexandra; Nyberg, Anna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-06)
    Background: Nursing professionals exhibit high prevalence of stress-related health problems. Job demands and job resources are parallel drivers of health and well-being among employees. Better job resources associate with better job satisfaction, job motivation and engagement even when job demands are high. To date, there is limited research which explores the association between job demands, job ...
  • Association of body mass index with COVID-19 related in-hospital death 

    Bouziotis, Jason; Arvanitakis, Marianna; Preiser, Jean-Charles; Abbas, Ali; Abdukahil, Sheryl Ann; Abdulkadir, Nurul Najmee; Abe, Ryuzo; Abel, Laurent; Absil, Lara; Acharya, Subhash; Acker, Andrew; Adachi, Shingo; Adam, Elisabeth; Adrião, Diana; Al Ageel, Saleh; Ahmed, Shakeel; Ain, Quratul; Ainscough, Kate; Aisa, Tharwat; Berdal, Jan-Erik; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Skeie, Linda Gail; Heggelund, Lars; Hesstvedt, Liv; Holter, Jan Cato; Jenum, Synne; Johal, Simreen Kaur; Kildal, Anders Benjamin; Bekken, Gry Klouman; Lind, Andreas; Müller, Fredrik; Muller, Karl Erik; Pettersen, Frank O.; Paulsen, Else Quist; Reikvam, Dag Henrik; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Skogen, Vegard; Stiksrud, Birgitte; Tonby, Kristian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-29)
    Background: Patients with extreme body mass indices (BMI) could have an increased risk of death while hospitalized for COVID-19.<p> <p>Methods: The database of the International Severe Acute Respiratory and Emerging Infection Consortium (ISARIC) was used to assess the time to in-hospital death with competing-risks regression by sex and between the categories of BMI. <p>Results: Data from 12,137 ...
  • Clinical decision support methods for children and youths with mental health disorders in primary care. 

    van Venrooij, Lennard T; Rusu, Vlad R; Vermeiren, Robert; Koposov, Roman A; Skokauskas, Norbert; Crone, Matty R (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-03)
    Background: Mental health disorders among children and youths are common and often have negative consequences for children, youths, and families if unrecognized and untreated. With the goal of early recognition, primary care physicians (PCPs) play a signifcant role in the detection and referral of mental disorders. However, PCPs report several barriers related to confdence, knowledge, and ...
  • Cortical bone structure of the proximal femur and incident fractures 

    Nissen, Frida Igland; Andreasen, Camilla; Borgen, Tove Tveitan; Bjørnerem, Åshild Marit; Hansen, Ann Kristin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-04)
    Purpose: Fracture risk is most frequently assessed using Dual X-ray absorptiometry to measure areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and using the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX). However, these approaches have limitations and additional bone measurements may enhance the predictive ability of these existing tools. Increased cortical porosity has been associated with incident fracture in some ...
  • Divergent Regulation of Decidual Oxidative-Stress Response by NRF2 and KEAP1 in Preeclampsia with and without Fetal Growth Restriction 

    Mundal, Siv Boon; Rakner, Johanne Johnsen; Silva, Gabriela; Gierman, Lobke; Austdal, Marie; Basnet, Purusotam; Elschot, Mattijs; Bakke, Siril Skaret; Ostrop, Jenny; Thomsen, Liv Cecilie Vestrheim; Moses, Eric; Acharya, Ganesh; Bjørge, Line; Iversen, Ann-Charlotte (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-10)
    Utero-placental development in pregnancy depends on direct maternal–fetal interaction in the uterine wall decidua. Abnormal uterine vascular remodeling preceding placental oxidative stress and placental dysfunction are associated with preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction (FGR). Oxidative stress is counteracted by antioxidants and oxidative repair mechanisms regulated by the transcription factor ...
  • Guanylate cyclase activators and stimulators. Potential cardiovascular therapeutics, with special focus on the right ventricle 

    Næsheim, Torvind (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2022-09-09)
    <p><i>Background -</i> Soluble guanylate cyclase, sGC, is a major contributor to the signal transduction in the cardiovascular system, and dysfunction in the NO-sGC-cGMP signaling plays an important role in cardiovascular disease. This system is sensitive to a wide variety of pathological conditions spanning from substrate shortage to sGC-insensitivity to nitric oxide (NO), during pathological ...
  • Effect of cigarette smoking on serum anti-Mullerian hormone and antral follicle count in women seeking fertility treatment: a prospective cross-sectional study 

    Bhide, Priya; Timlick, Elizabeth; Kulkarni, Abhijit; Gudi, Anil; Shah, Amit; Acharya, Ganesh (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-31)
    Objectives The relationship between smoking and ovarian reserve markers is inconclusive. The primary objective of our study was to assess the effect of cigarette smoking on the quantitative ovarian reserve parameters, serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) and antral follicle count (AFC) as relevant to prediction of fertility outcomes in women seeking fertility treatment. Our secondary aims were ...
  • Forebygging med jod ved radioaktivitet 

    Larsen, Camilla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-10)
    Krigen i Ukraina aktualiserer vår beredskap ved atomhendelser. Myndighetene anbefaler at voksne under 40 år, gravide, ammende og barn under 18 år har jodtabletter tilgjengelig. Jodprofylakse kan redusere risikoen for skjoldbruskkjertelkreft, og råd om inntak kommer ofte med en samtidig anbefaling om å holde seg innomhus.
  • Expression of miR-24-1-5p in Tumor Tissue Influences Prostate Cancer Recurrence: The PROCA-life Study 

    Stikbakke, Einar; Wilsgaard, Tom; Haugnes, Hege Sagstuen; Pedersen, Mona Irene; Knutsen, Tore; Støyten, Martin; Giovannucci, Edward; Eggen, Anne Elise; Thune, Inger; Richardsen, Elin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-23)
    The role of miR-24-1-5p and its prognostic implications associated with prostate cancer are mainly unknown. In a population-based cohort, the Prostate Cancer Study throughout life (PROCA-life), all men had a general health examination at study entry and were followed between 1994 and 2016. Patients with available tissue samples after a prostatectomy with curative intent were identified (n = 189). ...
  • The Hematology of Tomorrow Is Here-Preclinical Models Are Not: Cell Therapy for Hematological Malignancies 

    Arranz, Lorena (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-24)
    The purpose of this review is to present the current knowledge on the clinical use of several forms of cell therapy in hematological malignancies and the preclinical models available for their study. In the context of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplants, mesenchymal stromal cells are pursued to help stem cell engraftment and expansion, and control graft versus host disease. We further ...
  • Changes in life expectancy and disease burden in Norway, 1990–2019: an analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 

    Clarsen, Benjamin Matthew; Nylenna, Magne; Klitkou, Søren Toksvig; Vollset, Stein Emil; Baravelli, Carl Michael; Bølling, Anette Kocbach; Aasvang, Gunn Marit; Sulo, Gerhard; Naghavi, Mohsen; Pasovic, Maja; Asaduzzaman, Muhammad; Bjørge, Tone; Eggen, Anne Elise; Eikemo, Terje Andreas; Ellingsen, Christian Lycke; Haaland, Øystein Ariansen; Hailu, Alemayehu; Hassan, Shoaib; Hay, Simon I.; Juliusson, Pétur Benedikt; Kisa, Adnan; Kisa, Sezer; Månsson, Johan; Yitayew, Teferi Mekonnen; Murray, Christopher J L; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Ottersen, Trygve; Sagoe, Dominic; Sripada, Kam; Winkler, Andrea Sylvia; Knudsen, Ann Kristin Skrindo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-29)
    <p><b>Background</b> Geographical differences in health outcomes are reported in many countries. Norway has led an active policy aiming for regional balance since the 1970s. Using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2019, we examined regional differences in development and current state of health across Norwegian counties. <p><b>Methods</b> Data for life expectancy, healthy ...
  • Physical activity level and associated factors among adult HIV patients in Ethiopia 

    Tegene, Yadessa; Mengesha, Selamawit; van der Starre, Caroline; Lako, Stephanie; Toma, Alemayehu; Spigt, Marcus (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-02-04)
    Background: People living with HIV, who take antiretroviral therapy (ART), often enjoy long and healthy lives, but this therapy has well known metabolic adverse efects. Physical activity is found to be an important factor in improving these physiological parameters. This study aimed to determine physical activity level and associated factors among HIV patients in Ethiopia.<p> <p>Methods: An institutional ...
  • AvaLife—A New Multi-Disciplinary Approach Supported by Accident and Field Test Data to Optimize Survival Chances in Rescue and First Aid of Avalanche Patients 

    Genswein, Manuel; Macias, Darryl; McIntosh, Scott; Reiweger, Ingrid; Hetland, Audun; Paal, Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-26)
    Snow sports in the backcountry have seen a steep increase in popularity, and therefore preparedness for efficient companion and organized rescue is important. While technical rescue skills are widely taught, there is a lack of knowledge regarding first aid for avalanche patients. The stressful and time-critical situation for first responders requires a rule-based decision support tool. AvaLife ...
  • The association between multimorbidity and primary healthcare utilization in South-Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority 

    Mørken, Karianne (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2022-06-30)
    Background: Multimorbidity is one of the greatest health-related challenges worldwide. Multimorbidity is associated with several outcomes, such as lower quality of life and higher disability. The main aim of this study was to explore the association between multimorbidity and the use of healthcare services in primary healthcare. Method: In a register-based, cross-sectional study we extracted data ...
  • Benzodiazepiner på sykehjem i Tromsø kommune 

    Haug, Charlotte Marianne (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-08-16)
    Bakgrunn: Sykehjemsbeboere er ofte skrøpelige og opp mot 80 % har en kognitiv svekkelse. Grunnet deres virkning og bivirkningsprofil har bruk av vanedannende legemidler fått økt oppmerksomhet de senere år. Disse legemidlene er i høyere grad hos eldre enn hos yngre assosiert med kognitive bivirkninger og fall. Det er en fare at man utvikler toleranse mot legemidlene ved lang tids bruk. Helsedirektoratet ...
  • Exercise training combined with calanus oil supplementation improves the central cardiodynamic function in older women 

    Štěpán, Marek; Dad’ová, Klára; Matouš, Miloš; Krauzová, Eva; Sontáková, Lenka; Koc, Michal; Larsen, Terje; Kuda, Ondrej; Štich, Vladimír; Rossmeislová, Lenka; Šiklová, Michaela (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-29)
    The aim of this study was to investigate the possible beneficial effects of exercise training (ET) with omega-3/Calanus oil supplementation on cardiorespiratory and adiposity parameters in elderly women. Fifty-five women (BMI: 19–37 kg/m<sup>2</sup> , 62–80 years old) were recruited and randomly assigned to the 4 month intervention with ET and omega-3 supplementation (Calanus oil, ET-Calanus) ...
  • Accuracy of Tracking Devices’ Ability to Assess Exercise Energy Expenditure in Professional Female Soccer Players: Implications for Quantifying Energy Availability 

    Tutu Dasa, Marcus Småvik; Friborg, Oddgeir; Kristoffersen, Morten; Pettersen, Gunn; Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn; Rosenvinge, Jan H (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-04-14)
    The purpose of the study was to assess the accuracy of commonly used GPS/accelerometer-based tracking devices in the estimation of exercise energy expenditure (EEE) during high-intensity intermittent exercise. A total of 13 female soccer players competing at the highest level in Norway (age 20.5 ± 4.3 years; height 168.4 ± 5.1 cm; weight 64.1 ± 5.3 kg; fat free mass 49.7 ± 4.2 kg) completed a single ...
  • Posttraumatic stress and perceived interpersonal provocation in adolescents. 

    Saunderson, Jonathan Marshall; Stickley, Andrew; Sturidsson, Knut; Koposov, Roman A; Sukhodolsky, Denis G; Ruchkin, Vladislav (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-25)
    Objective: To examine the impact of posttraumatic stress on the choice of responses to and attribution of intentionality in peer provocation in adolescent boys and girls. Methods: A sample of 2678 adolescents from Northern Russia, aged 13–17 years (59.3% female; 95.7% ethnic Russian) completed self-reports on posttraumatic stress and rated hypothetical peer provocation scenarios that teenagers ...
  • Privacy-preserving audit and feedback on the antibiotic prescribing of General Practitioners 

    Yigzaw, Kassaye Yitbarek; Chomutare, Taridzo; Wynn, Rolf; Berntsen, Gro Karine Rosvold; Bellika, Johan Gustav (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-07-13)
    Background: Antibiotic resistance is a worldwide public health problem that is accelerated by the misuse and overuse of antibiotics. Studies have shown that audits and feedback enable clinicians to compare their personal clinical performance with that of their peers and are effective in reducing the inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics. However, privacy concerns make audits and feedback hard ...
  • Alcohol intake and total mortality in 142 960 individuals from the MORGAM Project: a population-based study 

    Di Castelnuovo, Augusto; Costanzo, Simona; Bonaccio, Marialaura; McElduff, Patrick; Salomaa, Veikko; Männistö, Satu; Moitry, Marie; Ferrières, Jean; Dallongeville, Jean; Thorand, Barbara; Brenner, Hermann; Ferrario, Marco; Veronesi, Giovanni; Pettenuzzo, Emanuela; Tamosiunas, Abdonas; Njølstad, Inger; Drygas, Wojciech; Nikitin, Yuri; Söderberg, Stefan; Kee, Frank; Grassi, Guido; Westermann, Dirk; Schrage, Benedikt; Dabboura, Salim; Zeller, Tanja; Kuulasmaa, Kari; Blankenberg, Stefan; Donati, Maria Benedetta; de Gaetano, Giovanni; Iacoviello, Licia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-06-09)
    Aim To test the association of alcohol consumption with total and cause-specific mortality risk. Design Prospective observational multi-centre population-based study. Setting Sixteen cohorts (15 from Europe) in the MOnica Risk, Genetics, Archiving and Monograph (MORGAM) Project. Participants A total of 142 960 individuals (mean age 50 ± 13 years, 53.9% men). Measurements Average alcohol intake by ...

View more